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FIELD DEFINITIONS

The statistical listings in Essential Science IndicatorsSM are broken out by major field of science. Each field is defined by a discrete set of journals. The following table describes the scope of each of the 22 fields and their corresponding journal sets.

 

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

The AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES category covers journals in general agriculture, agricultural chemistry and agronomy:

  • agricultural engineering

  • agronomy

  • tillage research

  • agroforestry

  • horticulture

  • crop protection and science

  • agrochemistry

  • phytochemistry

  • agricultural biochemistry

  • food chemistry

  • cereal chemistry

  • carbohydrate and lipid research

    • food science and nutrition

    • composition, additives and contaminants

    • microbiology and technology

    • engineering and processing

    • meat and dairy science

    • nutrition science

    • nutrition and metabolism

    • nutritional biochemistry

 

Biology & Biochemistry

The Biology & Biochemistry category covers journals on a broad range of topics in biology and biochemistry:

  • structure and chemistry of biological molecules

  • molecular, cellular and clinical studies of the endocrine system

  • regulation of cell, organ and system functions by hormones

  • experimental research in general biology and biological systems

  • regulation of biological functions at the whole organism level

  • exploitation of living organisms or their components

  • industrial microbiology

  • pollution remediation

  • industrial chemicals and enzymes

  • biosensors

  • bioelectronics

  • pesticide development

  • food, flavor and fragrance industry applications

  • waste treatment

 

CHEMISTRY

The CHEMISTRY category includes journals that cover a broad spectrum of topics in the chemical sciences. Miscellaneous and applied chemistry journals are also placed in this category.

  • analytical chemistry

  • spectroscopy

  • instrumentation

  • inorganic and nuclear chemistry

  • organic chemistry

  • physical chemistry

  • polymer science

  • food chemistry

  • chemical methods and structures

  • natural and laboratory syntheses

  • isolation and analysis of clinically significant molecules

  • medicinal chemistry

  • chemical engineering

 

CLINICAL MEDICINE

The CLINICAL MEDICINE category covers journals dealing with a wide range of medical and biomedical topics:

  • anaesthesia

  • cardiovascular medicine

  • dentistry

  • dermatology

  • general & internal medicine

  • endocrinology

  • environmental medicine

  • gastroenterology

  • gynecology

  • hepatology

  • hematology

  • nephrology

  • nuclear medicine

  • obstetrics

  • oncology

  • ophthalmology

  • otolaryngology

  • pediatrics

  • pharmacology

  • radiology

  • toxicology

  • respiratory medicine

  • rheumatology

  • surgery

  • urology

 

COMPUTER SCIENCE

The COMPUTER SCIENCE category includes journals on:

  • computer hardware and architecture

  • computer software

  • software engineering and design

  • computer graphics

  • programming languages

  • theoretical computing

  • computing methodologies

  • broad computing topics

  • interdisciplinary computer applications

  • information systems and information technology

  • acquisition, processing, storage, management, and dissemination of information

  • communications via various devices and systems

 

ENVIRONMENT/ECOLOGY

The ENVIRONMENT/ECOLOGY category covers natural history journals and interrelated disciplines on:

  • pure and applied ecology

  • ecological modeling and engineering

  • ecotoxicology

  • evolutionary ecology

  • environmental contamination and toxicology

  • environmental health

  • environmental monitoring and management

  • environmental technology

  • environmental geology

  • soil science and conservation

  • water resources research and engineering

  • climate change

  • biodiversity conservation

  • Natural history journals are also included here

 

ECONOMICS & BUSINESS

The ECONOMICS & BUSINESS category includes journals on:

  • theoretical, political, agricultural, and developmental economics

  • business

  • finance

  • management

  • organizational science

  • strategic planning and decision-making methods

  • industrial relations and labor

 

ENGINEERING

The ENGINEERING category includes publications in a number of engineering disciplines:

  • aerospace engineering

  • mechanical engineering

  • nuclear energy

  • electrical and electronics engineering

  • civil engineering

    • water resources and supply

    • transportation, and municipal engineering

  • effects of humans on the environment

  • controls to minimize environmental degradation

  • artificial intelligence

  • robotics and automatic control

  • engineering mathematics

    • mathematical modeling

    • optimization techniques

    • statistical methods in engineering systems

  • development, manufacture, and application of instruments

 

GEOSCIENCES

The GEOSCIENCES category includes journals that deal with all aspects of geoscience:

  • geology

  • geochemistry

  • geophysics

  • geotechnics

  • economic geology

  • petrochemistry

  • mineralogy

  • meteorology and atmospheric sciences

  • hydrology

  • oceanography

  • petroleum geology

  • volcanology

  • seismology

  • climatology

  • paleontology

  • remote sensing

  • geodesy

  • geological, petroleum and mining engineering

 

Immunology

The Immunology category incorporates journals containing:

  • cellular & molecular studies in immunology

  • clinical research in immunopathology

  • infectious diseases

  • autoimmunity and allergy

  • host-pathogen interactions in infectious disease

  • experimental therapeutic applications of immunomodulating agents

 

MATERIALS SCIENCE

The MATERIALS SCIENCE category deals with journals covering the admixtures of matter or the basic materials from which products are constructed:

  • ceramics

  • paper and wood products

  • polymers

  • textiles

  • composites

  • coatings & films

  • biomaterials

  • metals and alloys

  • metallurgy

  • application of chemistry to materials design and testing

  • superconductors and semiconductors

  • ferroelectrics

  • dielectrics

 

MATHEMATICS

The MATHEMATICS category is comprises journals dealing with:

  • pure mathematics

  • applied mathematics

  • statistics and probability

 

Microbiology

The Microbiology category contains journals dealing with:

  • biology & biochemistry of microorganisms (bacterial, viral and parasitic)

  • medical implications of the subsets of these organisms known to cause diseases

  • biotechnology applications of microorganisms for basic science or clinical use

 

Molecular Biology & Genetics

The Molecular Biology & Genetics category covers all aspects of basic and applied genetics, and research that has specific emphasis on cellular functions in eukaryotic systems:

  • biochemistry

  • molecular biology

  • biophysics

  • pharmacology

  • receptor biology

  • signal transduction

  • regulation of gene expression

  • developmental genetics and biology

  • morphogenesis

  • cell-environment interactions

  • molecular genetics

  • mechanisms of mutagenesis

  • structure, function and regulation of genetic material

  • clinical genetics, patterns of inheritance, genetic causes, and screening and treatment of diseases

 

MULTIDISCIPLINARY

The MULTIDISCIPLINARY category includes journals of a broad or general character in the sciences and covers the spectrum of major scientific disciplines. It also includes journals devoted to a multidisciplinary approach to the study of particular regions, ecosystems or biological systems, and interdisciplinary journals designed to illuminate significant connections between fields.

 

NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOR

The Neuroscience & BEHAVIOR category includes journals which cover:

  • cellular and molecular neuroscience

  • neuronal development

  • basic and clinical neurology

  • psychopharmacology

  • biobehavioral psychology

  • molecular psychology

  • neuronal function underlying higher cognitive processes

 

Pharmacology

The Pharmacology category includes journals dealing with:

  • pharmacology

  • pharmaceutics

  • cellular and molecular pharmacology

  • drug design and metabolism

  • mechanisms of drug action

  • drug delivery

  • natural products

  • xenobiotics

  • mechanisms of action for clinical therapeutics.

  • toxicology

    • molecular and cellular effects of harmful substances

    • environmental toxicology

    • occupational exposure

    • clinical toxicology

 

PHYSICS

The PHYSICS category includes journals that contain articles from all areas of physics and the following subfields:

  • mathematical physics

  • particle and nuclear physics

  • physics of fluids and plasmas,

  • quantum physics

  • theoretical physics

  • applied physics

  • condensed matter physics

  • physics of materials

  • optics and acoustics.

 

PLANT & ANIMAL SCIENCE

Plant SCIENCE coverage includes general botany journals and research on:

  • regional botany

  • mycology

  • bryology

  • plant physiology

  • forestry

  • weed science

  • plant pathology

  • economic botany

  • aquatic botany and toxicology

  • marine ecology

  • plant nutrition

  • photosynthesis research

  • experimental botany

  • cellular and molecular biology or physiology of plant cells and plant systems

ANIMAL SCIENCE coverage includes:

  • animal behavior

  • animal production science

  • poultry science

  • wildlife research

  • lab animal science

  • zoology

    • primatology

    • mammalogy

    • herpetology

    • nematology

    • malacology

  • entomology and pest control

  • veterinary medicine

  • animal health

  • marine and freshwater biology

  • fisheries science

  • aquaculture

 

PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY

The PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY category covers journals on all areas of psychology:

  • applied

  • biological

  • clinical

  • developmental

  • educational

  • mathematical

  • organizational

  • personal

  • social

  • diagnosis and treatment

 

SOCIAL SCIENCES, GENERAL

The SOCIAL SCIENCES, GENERAL category includes journals on:

  • communication

  • environmental studies

  • library and information sciences

  • political science

  • public health and administration

  • rehabilitation

  • social work and social policy

  • sociology

  • anthropology

  • law

  • education

 

SPACE SCIENCES

The SPACE SCIENCES category includes journals dealing with all areas of:

  • astronomy and astrophysics

  • celestial bodies

  • observation and interpretation of radiation from the component parts of the universe

 

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