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 ScienceWatch
Top 20 Countries in ALL FIELDS, 1998-August 31, 2008
For the seventh year, ScienceWatch.com presents its annual "Top 20" listings of the countries which, as of the latest bimonthly update of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, achieved particular distinction based on their papers published in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals from January 1998 through August 31, 2008, a 10-year plus 8-month period. The listings are confined to those nations, out of a pool of 147, which published at least 10,000 papers across all fields during the period. Countries are ranked by three separate measures: total citations, number of papers, and cites per paper. (Note: For articles with multiple authors representing different nations, each listed nation receives full, not fractional, citation credit for the given paper.)
Ranked by Citations
Rank       Field Papers Citations Citations
Per Paper
1 USA  2,959,661 42,269,694 14.28
2 GERMANY  766,146 8,787,460 11.47
3 ENGLAND  678,686 8,768,475 12.92
4 JAPAN  796,807 7,201,664 9.04
5 FRANCE  548,279 5,933,187 10.82
6 CANADA  414,248 4,837,825 11.68
7 ITALY  394,428 4,044,512 10.25
8 NETHERLANDS  231,682 3,148,005 13.59
9 AUSTRALIA  267,134 2,784,738 10.42
10 PEOPLES R CHINA  573,486 2,646,085 4.61
11 SPAIN  292,146 2,602,330 8.91
12 SWITZERLAND  168,527 2,502,210 14.85
13 SWEDEN  174,418 2,257,641 12.94
14 BELGIUM  125,520 1,461,478 11.64
15 SCOTLAND  106,209 1,422,252 13.39
16 DENMARK  91,670 1,262,693 13.77
17 SOUTH KOREA  218,077 1,256,724 5.76
18 ISRAEL  109,637 1,210,807 11.04
19 RUSSIA  276,801 1,135,496 4.10
20 INDIA  237,364 1,088,425 4.59
SOURCE: Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters.

 

Ranked by Papers
Rank       Field Papers Citations Citations
Per Paper
1 USA  2,959,661 42,269,694 14.28
2 JAPAN  796,807 7,201,664 9.04
3 GERMANY  766,146 8,787,460 11.47
4 ENGLAND  678,686 8,768,475 12.92
5 PEOPLES R CHINA  573,486 2,646,085 4.61
6 FRANCE  548,279 5,933,187 10.82
7 CANADA  414,248 4,837,825 11.68
8 ITALY  394,428 4,044,512 10.25
9 SPAIN  292,146 2,602,330 8.91
10 RUSSIA  276,801 1,135,496 4.10
11 AUSTRALIA  267,134 2,784,738 10.42
12 INDIA  237,364 1,088,425 4.59
13 NETHERLANDS  231,682 3,148,005 13.59
14 SOUTH KOREA  218,077 1,256,724 5.76
15 SWEDEN  174,418 2,257,641 12.94
16 SWITZERLAND  168,527 2,502,210 14.85
17 BRAZIL  157,860 880,821 5.58
18 TAIWAN  144,807 828,751 5.72
19 POLAND  131,646 766,033 5.82
20 BELGIUM  125,520 1,461,478 11.64
SOURCE: Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters.

 

Citations Per Paper
(  10,000 papers)
Rank       Field Papers Citations Citations
Per Paper
1 SWITZERLAND 168,527 2,502,210 14.85
2 USA 2,959,661 42,269,694 14.28
3 DENMARK 91,670 1,262,693 13.77
4 NETHERLANDS 231,682 3,148,005 13.59
5 SCOTLAND 106,209 1,422,252 13.39
6 SWEDEN 174,418 2,257,641 12.94
7 ENGLAND 678,686 8,768,475 12.92
8 FINLAND 85,567 1,038,721 12.14
9 CANADA 414,248 4,837,825 11.68
10 BELGIUM 125,520 1,461,478 11.64
11 GERMANY 766,146 8,787,460 11.47
12 AUSTRIA 87,953 974,554 11.08
13 ISRAEL 109,637 1,210,807 11.04
14 NORWAY 63,017 691,881 10.98
15 FRANCE 548,279 5,933,187 10.82
16 WALES 35,318 374,996 10.62
17 AUSTRALIA 267,134 2,784,738 10.42
18 ITALY 394,428 4,044,512 10.25
19 IRELAND 37,396 377,181 10.09
20 NORTH IRELAND 17,376 174,069 10.02
SOURCE: Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters.

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Country Profiles : 2008 : Top 20 Countries in ALL FIELDS - 1998-Aug. 31, 2008
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