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COUNTRY PROFILES - 2009

December 2009 Download this article
Top 20 Countries in ALL FIELDS, 1999-August 31, 2009
Cogs For the eighth year, ScienceWatch.com presents its annual "Top 20" listings of the countries which, as of the latest bimonthly update of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, achieved particular distinction based on their papers published in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals from January 1999 through August 31, 2009, a 10-year plus 8-month period. The listings are confined to those nations, out of a pool of 148, which published at least 10,000 papers across all fields during the period. Countries are ranked by three separate measures: total citations, number of papers, and cites per paper. (Note: For articles with multiple authors representing different nations, each listed nation receives full, not fractional, citation credit for the given paper.)
Papers
Rank       Field Papers Citations Citations
Per Paper
1 USA 2,974,344 44,669,056 15.02
2 GERMANY 766,162 9,406,841 12.28
3 ENGLAND 682,018 9,399,334 13.78
4 JAPAN 788,650 7,602,742 9.64
5 FRANCE 548,046 6,304,141 11.50
6 CANADA 424,562 5,233,211 12.33
7 ITALY 403,588 4,417,871 10.95
8 NETHERLANDS 236,344 3,419,657 14.47
9 PEOPLES R CHINA 649,689 3,404,466 5.24
10 AUSTRALIA 276,622 3,067,686 11.09
11 SPAIN 305,430 2,942,425 9.63
12 SWITZERLAND 171,248 2,693,730 15.73
13 SWEDEN 174,789 2,407,364 13.77
14 BELGIUM 128,800 1,613,458 12.53
15 SCOTLAND 106,559 1,522,948 14.29
16 SOUTH KOREA 237,652 1,515,555 6.38
17 DENMARK 92,734 1,369,297 14.77
18 INDIA 253,520 1,288,075 5.08
19 ISRAEL 109,410 1,287,435 11.77
20 RUSSIA 273,189 1,199,538 4.39
SOURCE: Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters.

 

Papers
Rank       Field Papers Citations Citations
Per Paper
1 USA 2,974,344 44,669,056 15.02
2 JAPAN 788,650 7,602,742 9.64
3 GERMANY 766,162 9,406,841 12.28
4 ENGLAND 682,018 9,399,334 13.78
5 PEOPLES R CHINA 649,689 3,404,466 5.24
6 FRANCE 548,046 6,304,141 11.50
7 CANADA 424,562 5,233,211 12.33
8 ITALY 403,588 4,417,871 10.95
9 SPAIN 305,430 2,942,425 9.63
10 AUSTRALIA 276,622 3,067,686 11.09
11 RUSSIA 273,189 1,199,538 4.39
12 INDIA 253,520 1,288,075 5.08
13 SOUTH KOREA 237,652 1,515,555 6.38
14 NETHERLANDS 236,344 3,419,657 14.47
15 BRAZIL 175,063 1,039,235 5.94
16 SWEDEN 174,789 2,407,364 13.77
17 SWITZERLAND 171,248 2,693,730 15.73
18 TAIWAN 154,634 974,818 6.30
19 POLAND 138,705 864,073 6.23
20 BELGIUM 128,800 1,613,458 12.53
SOURCE: Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters.

 

Citation Per Paper
(  10,000 papers)
Rank       Field Papers Citations Citations
Per Paper
1 SWITZERLAND 171,248 2,693,730 15.73
2 USA 2,974,344 44,669,056 15.02
3 DENMARK 92,734 1,369,297 14.77
4 NETHERLANDS 236,344 3,419,657 14.47
5 SCOTLAND 106,559 1,522,948 14.29
6 ENGLAND 682,018 9,399,334 13.78
7 SWEDEN 174,789 2,407,364 13.77
8 FINLAND 86,509 1,113,141 12.87
9 BELGIUM 128,800 1,613,458 12.53
10 CANADA 424,562 5,233,211 12.33
11 GERMANY 766,162 9,406,841 12.28
12 AUSTRIA 89,782 1,075,042 11.97
13 ISRAEL 109,410 1,287,435 11.77
14 NORWAY 65,306 764,040 11.70
15 FRANCE 548,046 6,304,141 11.50
16 WALES 35,592 404,997 11.38
17 AUSTRALIA 276,622 3,067,686 11.09
18 ITALY 403,588 4,417,871 10.95
19 NORTH IRELAND 17,485 190,093 10.87
20 IRELAND 39,618 416,966 10.52
SOURCE: Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Reuters.

Additional information:

January 2010: Most-Cited Paper From the Top 20 Countries, 1999-August 31, 2009: The highest-cited paper from each of the top 20 countries are featured. In this ranking, all of the paper's authors are based in the given country, as opposed to multinational collaborations. The countries are listed in the same order as they are above.

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Country Profiles : 2009 : Top 20 Countries in ALL FIELDS, 1999-August 31, 2009
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