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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2008

August 2008

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of May 2002-April 30, 2008, and the previous period of March 2002-February 29, 2008 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,094 Research Fronts in the May 2002-April 30, 2008, a total of 610 (10%) were new.

The following Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Emerging Research Fronts from this period:

View a list of just Emerging Research Front Maps -or- a Site-Wide list of all Research Front Maps within ScienceWatch.com (listed by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.
 

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
GENETICALLY MODIFIED (GM) CROPS; WISTAR RATS FED GENETICALLY MODIFIED RICE EXPRESSING SNOWDROP LECTIN GALANTHUS NIVALIS (GNA) The comparative digestibility of food allergens and nonallergenic proteins.
Biology &
Biochemistry
ShoelsonINSULIN RESISTANCE; MECHANISMS LINKING OBESITY; ADIPOSE TISSUE HYPOXIA; TYPE 2 DIABETES Inflammation and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Steven Shoelson
Chemistry
FEATURED FRONT with Research Front Map
: MITOCHONDRIAL REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES (from Apr. 2008)
BlechertLOW REYNOLDS NUMBER; MICROSCOPIC ARTIFICIAL SWIMMERS; REMOTELY POWERED SELF-PROPELLING PARTICLES; PURCELL'S THREE-LINK SWIMMER The creation of miniature "engines" that can convert stored chemical energy to motion.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Siegfried Blechert & Stephen Connon
Clinical
Medicine
FEATURED FRONT with Research Front Map
: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE USE OF WHITE BLOOD CELL GROWTH FACTORS
INTERNATIONAL GERIATRIC ONCOLOGY SOCIETY (SIOG) COMPREHENSIVE GERIATRIC ASSESSMENT RECOMMENDATIONS; ELDERLY CANCER PATIENTS; MYELOSUPPRESSIVE CHEMOTHERAPY A randomized double-blind multicenter phase III study in patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy.
Computer
Science
MICROSTRUCTURAL INVESTIGATION FRICTION STIR WELDED 7050-T651 ALUMINIUM; ALUMINIUM AA5083 FRICTION STIR WELDS; ENHANCED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Microstructural evolution during friction stir welding.
Economics &
Business
HevnerINFORMATION SYSTEMS RESEARCH; RESEARCH AGENDA; CONCEPTUAL MODELING; DESIGN SCIENCE Design-science seeks to extend the boundaries of human and organizational capabilities by creating new and innovative artifacts.
Fast Breaking Paper Comment by:
Alan R. Hevner, Salvatore March, Jinsoo Park, & Sudha Ram
Engineering BruijnzeelThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.WORLD WATER RESOURCES; TRADING WATER; GLOBAL HYDROLOGICAL CYCLES; HYDROLOGICAL FUNCTIONS Hydrological functions of tropical forests.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Sampurno Bruijnzeel
Environment/
Ecology
LARGE-SCALE CLIMATE INDICES; ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS; CLIMATE FLUCTUATIONS; LOCAL WEATHER How climate phenomena affect ecological patterns and processes in both marine and terrestrial systems.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Nils Chr. Stenseth
Geosciences DIGITAL CHANGE DETECTION METHODS; NASA'S GLOBAL ORTHORECTIFIED LANDSAT DATA SET; ECOSYSTEM MONITORING Digital change detection methods as a means to identify, map and monitor ecosystem changes.
Immunology ANTIBACTERIAL PEPTIDES; ANTI-MICROBIAL PEPTIDES; EMERGING CONCEPTS; INVERTEBRATES Antibacterial peptides are the effector molecules of innate immunity.
Materials
Science
ORDERED ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT-EMITTING ZNO NANOWIRE ARRAYS; CONTROLLED GROWTH; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; HIGH-DENSITY Recent developments in the rational synthesis of single-crystalline zinc oxide nanowires and their unique optical properties.
Podcast by Peidong Yang
Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA
Mathematics EFFICIENT MULTIPLE SMOOTHING PARAMETER ESTIMATION; THIN PLATE REGRESSION SPLINES; GENERALIZED ADDITIVE MODELS One approach to the problem of computational cost is to employ regression splines.
Microbiology ADEQUATE EMPIRICAL ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY SEVERE SEPSIS PATIENT OUTCOME IMPACT; INAPPROPRIATE INITIAL ANTIMICROBIAL THERAPY; IMMUNOMODULATING THERAPY In a large cohort of patients with microbiologically confirmed severe sepsis, appropriate initial antimicrobial therapy was an important determinant of survival.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
ShinoharaMOUSE SPERMATOGONIAL STEM CELLS; PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS; NEONATAL MOUSE TESTIS; GROWTH FACTORS The ability to derive multipotential stem cells from the neonatal testis has important implications for germ cell biology.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Takashi Shinohara
Multidisciplinary RADIOLABELED IMAGING PROBE USING INTEGRATED MICROFLUIDICS; DROSOPHILA EMBRYONIC PATTERNING NETWORK PERTURBED; PROGRAMMED POPULATION CONTROL Biochemical networks are perturbed both by fluctuations in environmental conditions and genetic variation.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
BrückACUTE AXONAL DAMAGE; MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS; AXONAL LOSS; EARLY DISEASE STAGES Multiple sclerosis is characterized morphologically by the key features demyelination, inflammation, gliosis and axonal damage.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Wolfgang Brück
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
HISTONE DEACETYLASE INHIBITORS; CLINICAL TRIALS; NOVEL DRUGS The opposing actions of histone acetyltransferases and histone deacetylases allow gene expression to be regulated through chromatin remodelling.
Physics ORDERED MAGNETIC NANOSTRUCTURES; FABRICATION; NANOMAGNETICS Fabrication methods of ordered magnetic nanostructures with dimensions on the submicron to nanometer scale.
Plant &
Animal Science
TOMATO FRUIT DEVELOPMENT; SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION SYSTEMS REGULATING FRUIT RIPENING; SELECTED METABOLITE ANALYSES; PLANT PHYSIOLOGY Genetic regulation of fruit development and ripening and its importance for human and animal diets.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
EXTRACELLULAR SIGNAL-REGULATED KINASE SIGNALING PATHWAY; INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PATHWAYS; MOOD DISORDER TREATMENTS; NEUROPROTECTIVE EFFECTS Brain imaging studies reveal structural changes and cell loss in cortico-limbic regions of the brain in bipolar disorder and major depression.
Social Sciences,
general
NishidaCHIMPANZEES; FEMALE LIFE HISTORY; WILD SUMATRAN ORANGUTANS (PONGO ABELII); REPRODUCTIVE PROFILES; INTERGROUP RELATIONS Demography provides critical data on the evolution, ecology, and conservation of primate populations.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Toshisada Nishida
Space
Science
INFRARED ASTRONOMICAL MISSION AKARI IMAGING PERFORMANCE; INFRARED CAMERA (IRC) DEEP SURVEY; ULTRALUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXIES; INFRARED POWER-LAW GALAXIES Mid-infrared photometry provides a robust technique for identifying active galaxies.
2002-2008_2

  



Emerging Research Fronts : 2008 : August 2008