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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2008

June 2008

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of March 2002-February 29, 2008, and the previous period of January 2002-December 31, 2007 (sliding 6-year period).* Of the 6,161 Research Fronts in the March 2002-February 29, 2008 file, a total of 1,316 (21%) were new. The following Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Emerging Research Fronts from this period:

View a list of just Emerging Research Front Maps -or- a Site-Wide list of Research Front Maps within ScienceWatch.com (listed by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.
 

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
CROPPING SYSTEMS SIMULATION MODEL; DSSAT CROPPING SYSTEM MODEL; FARMING SYSTEMS SIMULATION Crop model designed for farming systems simulation.
Biology &
Biochemistry
GENE QUANTIFICATION USING REAL-TIME QUANTITATIVE PCR; MRNA USING REAL-TIME REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION PCR (RT-PCR); STABLE HOUSEKEEPING GENES Quantification of messenger ribonucleic acid using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction.
Chemistry OLEFIN CROSS METATHESIS; TUNGSTEN IMIDO ALKYLIDENE COMPLEXES; EFFICIENT OLEFIN-METATHESIS CATALYSTS Olefin metathesis as a powerful synthetic tool in organic chemistry.
Clinical
Medicine
2003 WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)/INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY; HYPERTENSION (ISH) STATEMENT; ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION National guidelines for the management of hypertension.
Fast Breaking Paper Comment by:
Aram V. Chobanian
(from Feb. 2004).
Computer
Science
PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTION NETWORK TOPOLOGY PREDICTIONS; SCALE-FREE NETWORKS; YEAST PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTION NETWORK Modularity in the yeast protein-protein interaction network.
Economics &
Business
COMMON METHOD BIASES; BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH; ORGANIZATIONAL RESEARCH Method biases in behavioral research.
Engineering GuntertAUTOMATED NMR PROTEIN STRUCTURE CALCULATION; PROTEIN NMR STRUCTURE DETERMINATION; XPLOR-NIH NMR MOLECULAR STRUCTURE DETERMINATION PACKAGE Nuclear magnetic resonance structure determination of proteins by automated assignment of the nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Peter Güntert
Environment/
Ecology
FEATURED FRONT with corresponding map: " GLOBAL POTENTIAL BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION "
ChengGLOBAL POTENTIAL BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION; GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE; ETHANOL BIOFUELS; POTENTIAL US CORN STOVER SUPPLIES Lignocellulosic biomass can be utilized to produce ethanol.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Jay Cheng
Geosciences PACIFIC DECADAL OSCILLATION ENSO-FORCED VARIABILITY; PACIFIC INTERDECADAL CLIMATE VARIABILITY Human-induced climate change and the management of ocean living resources.
Fast Breaking Paper Comment by:
Francisco Chavez
(from Feb. 2004).
Immunology NATURAL AUTOANTIBODY B CELL ANTIGEN RECEPTORS; POLYREACTIVE ANTIGEN-BINDING B CELLS; REGULATORY T CELLS; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE A balance between activating and inhibitory signals is important in the immune system to effectively attack pathogenic microbes.
Materials
Science
GREEN CHEMISTRY; MATERIALS PROCESSING; GREEN SOLVENTS; SUPERCRITICAL CARBON DIOXIDE; POROUS MATERIALS Green chemistry has demonstrated how basic scientific methodologies can protect human health and the environment.
Mathematics ZhouBIPARTITE UNICYCLIC GRAPHS; MINIMAL ENERGY; LAPLACIAN ENERGY; CIRCULANT GRAPHS The energy of a graph is defined as the sum of the absolute values of all the eigenvalues of the graph.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Bo Zhou
Microbiology AVIAN PATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI STRAIN O1; UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI; COMPLETE GENOME SEQUENCE; HUMAN EXTRAINTESTINAL PATHOGENIC E-COLI GENOMES The complete genome sequence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
RHO GTPASES LEAD; CELL BIOLOGY; CELL MIGRATION; GUANINE NUCLEOTIDE EXCHANGE FACTORS Rho GTPases are molecular switches that control a wide variety of signal transduction pathways in eukaryotic cells.
Multidisciplinary OberdörsterThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.NANOTOXICOLOGY ULTRAFINE PARTICLE STUDIES; EMERGING DISCIPLINE; TOXIC POTENTIAL; MATERIALS Evidence of mitochondrial distribution and oxidative stress response after airborne nanosized particle endocytosis.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Günter Oberdörster, Eva Oberdörster, and Jan Oberdörster
Neuroscience &
Behavior
FEATURED FRONT with corresponding map: "AMYLOID BETA PROTEIN"
WalshAMYLOID BETA PROTEIN; HIPPOCAMPAL LONG-TERM POTENTIATION IN-VIVO; SOLUBLE AMYLOID OLIGOMERS IMPLIES COMMON MECHANISM; AMYLOID BETA PROTEIN IMMUNOTHERAPY Extensive data support a central pathogenic role for amyloid beta protein in Alzheimer's disease.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Dominic Walsh & Dennis J. Selkoe 
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
PEGYLATED DRUG CONJUGATES; EFFECTIVE DRUG DELIVERY; POLY(ETHYLENE GLYCOL)-PROTEIN CONJUGATES Nano-sized polymer-based pharmaceuticals, the polymer therapeutics.
Physics MIDLINE COMMISSURAL AXON GUIDANCE; AXON GROWTH; WNT-FRIZZLED SIGNALING A relatively small number of guidance factors can be used to generate intricate patterns of neuronal wiring.
Plant &
Animal Science
BoerjanLIGNIN BIOSYNTHESIS; ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA REVEALS FAR-REACHING CONSEQUENCES; LIGNIFICATION TOOLBOX A current picture of monolignol biosynthesis, polymerization, and lignin structure.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Wout Boerjan, John Ralph, & Marie Baucher
Psychiatry/
Psychology
MATERNAL INFLUENZA INFECTION; PHARMACOLOGICAL CHANGES; PRENATAL INFLUENZA; SCHIZOPHRENIA; LONGITUDINAL BIRTH COHORT; PAN-DEVELOPMENTAL IMPAIRMENT Obstetric complications as a risk factor for schizophrenia.
Social Sciences,
general
INCREASE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; PROMOTE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; ENVIRONMENTAL INTERVENTIONS Evaluating the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity.
Space
Science
STELLAR POPULATION SYNTHESIS 2003 RESOLUTION; GALACTIC STELLAR-SUBSTELLAR INITIAL MASS FUNCTION Recent progress in stellar evolution theory.
2002-2008_1

*Note: in the opening text, the current period month beginning date was corrected from January 2002-February 29, 2008 to March 2002-February 29, 2008 on July 1, 2009. This correction did not include the Emerging Research Fronts database itself.



Emerging Research Fronts : 2008 : June 2008