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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2008

October 2008

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of July 2002-June 30, 2008, and the previous period of May 2002-April 30, 2008 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,452 Research Fronts in the July 2002-June 30, 2008, a total of 817 (12.6%) were new.

View a list of just Emerging Research Front Maps -or- a Site-Wide list of all Research Front Maps within ScienceWatch.com (listed by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.
 

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
FUNCTIONAL FOOD HEALTH CLAIMS; ISSUES SURROUNDING HEALTH CLAIMS; PRODUCT-SPECIFIC HEALTH CLAIM PROCESSES Clinical data demonstrate that the consumption of barley products is effective for lowering total and LDL cholesterol.
Biology &
Biochemistry
PROTEIN TYROSINE NITRATION; NO-DEPENDENT PROTEIN NITRATION; NITRIC OXIDE-MEDIATED PROTEIN MODIFICATIONS The occurrence of protein tyrosine nitration under disease conditions represents a shift from the signal transducing physiological actions of nitric oxide to oxidative and potentially pathogenic pathways.
Chemistry FerrandoThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.BIMETALLIC CLUSTER STRUCTURES; OPTIMUM STRUCTURES; ALLOY NANOCLUSTERS; MAGIC POLYICOSAHEDRAL CORE-SHELL CLUSTERS Nanoclusters are now becoming of widespread use in various applications, ranging from medicine (DNA-sequencing), to memory storage (nano-magnets), optics (quantum dots), and catalysis (fuel cells).
Emerging Research Comment by:
Riccardo Ferrando & Francesca Baletto
Clinical
Medicine
WORK ABSENTEEISM INVOLVING NECK PAIN; COMMON NONSURGICAL NECK PAIN TREATMENTS; WHIPLASH-ASSOCIATED DISORDERS (WAD) A synthesis to establish a baseline of the current best evidence on the epidemiology, assessment and classification of neck pain, as well as interventions and prognosis for this symptom.
Computer
Science
QUANTITATIVE REAL-TIME POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR) DATA; BIOASSAY ANALYSIS USING R; ASSUMPTION-FREE ANALYSIS Quantification of messenger ribonucleic acids using real-time polymerase chain reaction is being extensively used in neurosciences, developmental biology, and medical diagnostics.
Economics &
Business
CONDITIONAL LIKELIHOOD RATIO TEST; WEAK INSTRUMENTS; OPTIMAL TWO-SIDED INVARIANT SIMILAR TESTS; INSTRUMENTAL VARIABLES REGRESSION Various procedures are now available for detecting and handling weak instruments in the linear instrumental variables model and, to a lesser degree, in nonlinear generalized method of moments.
Engineering GATEABLE NANOFLUIDIC INTERCONNECTS; NANOFLUIDIC FILTER; HYBRID THREE-DIMENSIONAL NANOFLUIDIC/MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES USING MOLECULAR GATES In a specific analysis implementation, nanochannel array gating is applied to capillary electrophoresis separations, allowing selected separated components to be isolated for further manipulation.
Environment/
Ecology
ReznickWILD VERTEBRATE POPULATIONS; EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS; SEXUAL CONFLICT; REPRODUCTIVE SENESCENCE A mosaic pattern of senescence challenges the generality of the association between decreased extrinsic mortality and delayed senescence and invites consideration of more derived theories for the evolution of senescence.
Emerging Research Comment by:
David Reznick
Geosciences TRANSPORT PROCESSES USING HYDRUS; ADVANCED VADOSE ZONE SIMULATIONS; MODELING NONEQUILIBRIUM FLOW; LONG-TERM URANIUM TRANSPORT FOLLOWING PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION Various approaches for modeling preferential and non-equilibrium flow and transport in the vadose zone.
Immunology ANTITUMOR T CELLS; ANTI-VACCINE T CELLS; HUMAN T CELL RESPONSES; MELANOMA PATIENT VACCINATED Melanoma patients usually mount a spontaneous T cell response against their tumor. But at some point, the responder T cells become ineffective, probably because of a local immunosuppressive process occurring at the tumor sites.
Materials
Science
NITRILOTRIACETIC ACID FUNCTIONALIZED GRAFT COPOLYMERS; OPTICAL GRATING COUPLER BIOSENSORS; POLY(L-LYSINE)-GRAFT-POLY(ETHYLENE GLYCOL) ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS Optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy is a highly sensitive technique that is capable of real-time monitoring of molecular interactions and is useful for accurate bioaffinity sensing, which is a key issue in the development of new drugs.
Mathematics UNIVERSAL CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT PROGRAM; UNIVERSAL CLASSROOM-BASED BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION; YOUNG ADULT SUICIDE IDEATION Growth mixture modeling represents unobserved heterogeneity among the subjects using a finite-mixture random effects model.
Microbiology 20 16S RRNA SEQUENCE RECORDS CURRENTLY HELD; HIGH-THROUGHPUT RRNA ANALYSIS; RIBOSOMAL DATABASE PROJECT (RDP-II) The Ribosomal Database Project provides the research community with aligned and annotated ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene sequences, along with analysis services and a phylogenetically consistent taxonomic framework for these data.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Brendan J. Loftus
(Feb. 2006)
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
UCSC GENOME BROWSER DATABASE; HUMAN GENOME BROWSER A mature web tool for rapid and reliable display of any requested portion of the genome at any scale, together with several dozen aligned annotation tracks, is provided.
Multidisciplinary N/A for this period N/A for this period
Neuroscience &
Behavior
LIPOPROTEIN RECEPTOR-MEDIATED INDUCTION; TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR; MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE With recent research emphasizing ways to reduce tissue damage by both vascular and cell-based mechanisms, the spotlight is now shifting towards the study of how blood vessels and brain cells communicate with each other.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
BokochP21-ACTIVATED KINASE CANCER BIOLOGY; ACETAMIDE (OSU-03012) CELECOXIB DERIVATIVE P21-activated kinases serve as important regulators of cytoskeletal dynamics and cell motility, transcription through mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades, death and survival signaling, and cell-cycle progression.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Gary M. Bokoch
Physics OnidaThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.TIME-DEPENDENT DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY; EXCITED ELECTRON-ION DYNAMICS; MANY-BODY GREEN'S-FUNCTION APPROACHES An alternative approach to calculating electronic excitations is the time-dependent density-functional theory, which offers the important practical advantage of a dependence on density rather than on multivariable Green's functions.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Giovanni Onida, Lucia Reining & Angel Rubio
Plant &
Animal Science
SheenARABIDOPSIS GLUCOSE SENSOR HXK1; CARBON-DEPRIVED ARABIDOPSIS SEEDLINGS; GLOBAL TRANSCRIPTION PROFILING REVEALS MULTIPLE SUGAR SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION MECHANISMS Plants use hexokinase as a glucose sensor to interrelate nutrient, light, and hormone signaling networks for controlling growth and development in response to the changing environment.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Jen Sheen
Psychiatry/
Psychology
AhissarVISUAL PERCEPTUAL LEARNING; REVERSE HIERARCHY THEORY; FRAGMENT-BASED HIERARCHY; VISUAL SYSTEM A new coherent conceptual framework, Reverse Hierarchy Theory, is applied to behavioral, electrophysiological, and imaging data of perception and perceptual learning.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Merav Ahissar & Shaul Hochstein
Social Sciences,
general
GERMAN HEALTH INTERVIEW; ADOLESCENTS (KIGGS); GERMAN ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEY The aim of this nationwide interview and examination survey was to collect, for the first time, comprehensive and nationwide data on the health status of children and adolescents in Germany, aged 0 to 17 years.
Space
Science
LARGE STELLAR EVOLUTION DATABASE; VICTORIA-REGINA STELLAR MODELS; LOW-MASS WHITE DWARFS; WHITE DWARF COOLING SEQUENCE Tables are used to convert several sets of Padova isochrones into the corresponding absolute magnitudes and colors, providing a useful database for several astrophysical applications.
2002-2008_3

  



Emerging Research Fronts : 2008 : October 2008