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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2009

August 2009

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of May 2003-April 30, 2009, and the previous period of March 2003-February 28, 2009 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,558 Research Fronts in the May 2003-April 30, 2009 file, a total of 697 (11%) were new.

View a list of just Emerging Research Front Maps -or- a Site-Wide list of all Research Front Maps within ScienceWatch.com (listed by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
Tristram O. WestSOIL ORGANIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION RATES; NITROGEN MANAGEMENT; GLOBAL DATA ANALYSIS Carbon sequestration rates used in spatial modeling analyses can predict regional, national, and global carbon sequestration potentials.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Tristram O. West
Biology &
Biochemistry
LEPTIN ACTION; LEPTIN RESISTANCE; LEPTIN RECEPTOR; CLINICAL STUDIES Congenital leptin-receptor deficiency.
Chemistry DYE REMOVAL; TEXTILE WASTEWATER USING WHOLE BACTERIAL CELLS; NON-CONVENTIONAL LOW-COST ADSORBENTS Biological treatments are a removal process for some hazardous organic compounds, although the products of biodegradation may also be hazardous.
Clinical
Medicine
DENTAL PIPELINE PROGRAM; DENTAL SCHOOL RECRUITMENT; DENTAL SCHOOL GRADUATING SENIORS A systematic assessment of changes in U.S. dental schools to improve access to oral health care in underserved populations.
Computer
Science
Chang-Yong LeeCONTINUOUS GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION TEST PROBLEMS; POPULATION SET-BASED GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHMS; NUMERICAL BENCHMARK PROBLEMS An evolutionary programming algorithm using adaptive as well as nonadaptive Levy mutations.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Chang-Yong Lee
Economics &
Business
CAPITAL ACCOUNT LIBERALIZATION; FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION SPUR GROWTH; CAPITAL CONTROLS; FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT Equity market liberalizations lead to a 1% increase in annual real economic growth.
Engineering ENGINEERING STRUCTURALLY ORGANIZED CARTILAGE; BONE TISSUE ENGINEERING; ARTICULAR CARTILAGE REPAIR Bone tissue engineering.
Environment/
Ecology
Saji N. HameedINDIAN OCEAN DIPOLE MODE EVENTS; TROPICAL INDIAN OCEAN; OBSERVED TEMPERATURE TRENDS Impacts of Indian Ocean Dipole mode events on global climate.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Saji N. Hameed & Toshio Yamagata
Geosciences Glenn A. WaychunasThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.NANOPARTICULATE IRON OXIDE MINERALS; TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES; CONTAMINANT SCAVENGING MECHANISMS Modes of toxin/nutrient collection by nanoparticles, notably by aggregation.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Glenn A. Waychunas
Immunology MAST CELLS PROMOTE HOMEOSTASIS; LIMITING ENDOTHELIN-1-INDUCED TOXICITY; REGULATORY T-CELL TOLERANCE Tolerant allografts acquire a unique genetic signature dominated by the expression of mast-cell-gene products.
Materials
Science
N. RavishankarULTRATHIN GOLD NANOWIRE TRANSPORT PROPERTIES; ULTRAFINE SINGLE-CRYSTALLINE GOLD NANOWIRE ARRAYS; GOLD NANOBELTS Ultrafine single-crystalline gold nanowires are synthesized by oriented attachment of nanoparticles in the solution phase.
Emerging Research Comment by:
N. Ravishankar & Aditi Halder
Fast Breaking Paper Comment by:
George C. Tseng & Wing H. Wong
(Aug. 2006)
Mathematics GENE CLUSTERING METHODS; TIGHT CLUSTERING; REPLICATED MICROARRAY DATA; BAYESIAN MIXTURE MODEL BASED CLUSTERING Cluster analysis is an important tool for information extraction in data mining.
Microbiology INFLUENZA VIRUS; EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS; GENETIC EVOLUTION The antigenic evolution of influenza A (H3N2) virus as quantified and visualized.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
Marcus S. CookeThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.OXIDATIVE DNA DAMAGE; DISEASE; MECHANISMS; MUTATION; INDUCTION Examining the effects of oxidatively damaged DNA at a cellular level.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Marcus S. Cooke
Neuroscience &
Behavior
MAMMALIAN CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM ADULT NEUROGENESIS; FUNCTIONAL PLASTICITY; NEURONAL CIRCUITS Adult neurogenesis is a striking example of structural plasticity in the mature central nervous system.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
THERAPEUTIC TARGETS; PEROXISOME PROLIFERATOR-ACTIVATED RECEPTOR AGONISTS New pharmacologic approaches to metabolic disease are emerging.
Physics CHIRAL NIHILITY WAVES-ENERGY; GIANT OPTICAL GYROTROPY; NEGATIVE REFRACTION; ELECTROMAGNETIC COUPLING Negative refraction offers the possibility of a lens whose resolution is not limited by the wavelength
Emerging Research Comment by:
John Pendry
(Oct. 2007)
Plant &
Animal Science
HARLEQUIN DUCKS BREEDING; HARLEQUIN DUCK POPULATION STRUCTURE; MOLTING SEA DUCKS The first confirmation of wintering male Harlequin Ducks from eastern North America molting in Greenland.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
Jeroen J. G. van MerriënboerCOGNITIVE LOAD THEORY; INTRINSIC COGNITIVE LOAD; INSTRUCTIONAL IMPLICATIONS Developments in Cognitive Load Theory are related to the view in instructional design that real-life tasks should be the driving force for complex learning.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
Social Sciences,
general
COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING UPTAKE PATTERNS; COLORECTAL CANCER TEST USE; ADULT US POPULATION Screening is effective in reducing the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer.
Space
Science
ASYMMETRIC SOLAR WIND TERMINATION SHOCK; TERMINATION SHOCK REGION; UPSTREAM SOLAR WIND; COOL HELIOSHEATH PLASMA Voyager 1 crossed the termination shock of the supersonic flow of the solar wind and became the first spacecraft to begin exploring the heliosheath.
2003-2009_2

   



Emerging Research Fronts : 2009 : August 2009 - Emerging Research Fronts
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