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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2009

December 2009

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of September 2003-August 31, 2009, and the previous period of July 2003-June 30, 2009 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,723 Research Fronts in the September 2003-August 31, 2009 file, a total of 786 (12%) were new.

View a list of just Emerging Research Front Maps -or- a Site-Wide list of all Research Front Maps within ScienceWatch.com (listed by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
Alex McBratneyMULTIVARIABLE GEOSTATISTICS; DIGITAL SOIL MAPPING; SOIL VARIABLES; SPATIAL PREDICTION

Emerging Research Comment by:
Alex McBratney

(Late commentary entry added in Feb. 2010 for Dec. 2009)

Recent approaches to making digital soil maps based on geographic information systems.
Biology &
Biochemistry
Michael R.H. WhiteNF-KAPPA B SIGNALING CONTROL; NUCLEAR FACTOR KAPPA B SIGNALING; LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE-INDUCED NF-KAPPA B ACTIVATION; GENE EXPRESSION PROGRAMS

Emerging Research Comment by:
Michael R.H. White

The functional consequences of NF-kappaB signaling may depend on number, period, and amplitude of oscillations.
Chemistry Kimoon KimMICROPOROUS PILLARED PADDLE-WHEEL FRAMEWORKS; PILLARED SQUARE GRID NETS; HIGHLY POROUS METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK; PADDLE-WHEEL MOTIFS

Emerging Research Comment by:
Kimoon Kim

Design, synthesis, and applications of metal-organic porous materials.
Clinical
Medicine
David T. FelsonBLOKS (BOSTON-LEEDS OSTEOARTHRITIS KNEE SCORE); KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS MRI; RADIOGRAPHIC OSTEOARTHRITIS; BONE MARROW LESION ASSESSMENT

Emerging Research Comment by:
David T. Felson

Determining whether edema lesions in the subarticular bone in patients with knee osteoarthritis identify knees at high risk for radiographic progression and association with limb misalignment.
Computer
Science
Mark PagelCOMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY PHYLOGENETIC APPROACHES; PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS; INVESTIGATING EVOLUTIONARY RADIATIONS

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. Emerging Research Comment by:
Mark Pagel

Phylogenetic associations in comparative studies.
Economics &
Business
Stephen NickellMACROECONOMIC EFFECTS; LABOR MARKETS; REGULATION; DEREGULATION

Emerging Research Comment by:
Stephen Nickell

Explaining long-term changes in unemployment by examining long-term changes in labor market institutions.
Engineering MODIFIED SPLIT-RADIX FFT; FEWER ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS; CODE GENERATION; DSP TRANSFORMS An implementation of the discrete Fourier transform that adapts to the hardware in order to maximize performance.
Environment/
Ecology
EUROPEAN EEL ANGUILLA ANGUILLA LEPTOCEPHALI; JAPANESE EEL ANGUILLA JAPONICA; EUROPEAN EEL (ANGUILLA ANGUILLA) RECRUITMENT; AMERICAN EEL ANGUILLA ROSTRATA Knowledge of geographic and temporal scales of adaptive genetic variation is crucial to species conservation.
Geosciences INTCAL04 TERRESTRIAL RADIOCARBON AGE CALIBRATION; MARINE04 MARINE RADIOCARBON AGE CALIBRATION A new calibration curve for the conversion of radiocarbon ages to calibrated ages has been constructed and internationally ratified.
Immunology TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR SIGNALLING; TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR CONTROL; ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSES

Fast Breaking Paper Comment by:
Shizuo Akira & Kiyoshi Takeda

(June 2005)

Stimulation of different toll-like receptors induces distinct patterns of gene expression.
Materials
Science
Guangyong ZouCOLLOIDAL INORGANIC NANOCRYSTAL ANISOTROPIC SHAPE CONTROL; COLLOIDAL SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS; MECHANISMS

Emerging Research Comment by:
Guangyong Zou

Colloidal nanocrystals are of interest for both fundamental research and industrial applications.
Mathematics MODIFIED POISSON REGRESSION APPROACH; LOG BINOMIAL REGRESSION; BINARY DATA; PARAMETER ESTIMATION A simple approach to directly estimate ratios of risks.
Microbiology SWINE-ORIGIN 2009 A(H1N1) INFLUENZA VIRUSES; HUMANS NOVEL SWINE-ORIGIN INFLUENZA; 2009 SWINE-ORIGIN H1N1 INFLUENZA; TRIPLE-REASSORTANT SWINE INFLUENZA Emerging infectious diseases, such as H1N1 influenza, are correlated with socio-economic, environmental and ecological factors, and current global surveillance efforts are not allocated where diseases are likely to originate.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
P53 TUMORIGENESIS POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION; P53 UBIQUITINATION; P53 STABILIZATION; MDM2 Interest in the tumor suppressor p53 has focused on the complexity of its function and regulation in carcinogenesis.
Multidisciplinary YEAST PROTEIN INTERACTOME; HIGH-QUALITY BINARY PROTEIN INTERACTION MAP; YEAST INTERACTOME NETWORK A comparative quality assessment of current yeast interactome data sets.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
RIGHT INFERIOR PREFRONTAL CORTEX; RESPONSE INHIBITION; RIGHT INFERIOR FRONTAL CORTEX; STOP SIGNAL RESPONSE INHIBITION; SUBCORTICAL CONTRIBUTIONS It is controversial whether different cognitive functions can be mapped to discrete regions of the prefrontal cortex, but advances in human lesion-mapping support the localization of inhibition.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
HEAT SHOCK PROTEINS; DELAYS DISEASE PROGRESSION; EMERGING THERAPEUTIC TARGETS; ALS MICE Pharmacological activation of the heat shock response may be a successful therapeutic approach to treating amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Physics 1D FERMI GAS CONFINEMENT INDUCED MOLECULES; CONFINEMENT INDUCED RESONANCE; CYLINDRICAL HARMONIC CONFINEMENT; ATOM-ATOM SCATTERING Two-particle bound states of atoms confined in a one-dimensional matter waveguide involving the creation of a strongly interacting one-dimensional Fermi gas.
Plant &
Animal Science
YERSINIA PESTIS; YERSINIA PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS; PLAGUE BACILLUS; WHOLE-GENOME COMPARISON The complete genomic sequence of Yersinia pseudo-tuberculosis and its use for detailed genome comparisons with available Yersinia pestis sequences.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
YOUNG CHIMPANZEES; COMMON MARMOSETS PROVISION FOOD ALTRUISTICALLY; ALTRUISM; DELIVER FOOD Human beings routinely help others to achieve their goals even when the helper receives no immediate benefit. A similar behavior is observed in young chimpanzees.
Social Sciences,
general
ACUPUNCTURE ANALGESIA; KNEE; OSTEOARTHRITIS; MIGRANE Acupuncture was no more effective than sham acupuncture in reducing migraine headaches.
Space
Science
TERRESTRIAL PLANETS; GIANT PLANETS; CATACLYSMIC LATE HEAVY BOMBARDMENT PERIOD; ORBITAL ARCHITECTURE The petrology record on the Moon suggests that a cataclysmic spike in the cratering rate occurred similar to 700 million years after the planets formed.
2003-2009_4

     



Emerging Research Fronts : 2009 : December 2009 - Emerging Research Fronts