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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2009

February 2009

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of November 30, 2002-October 31, 2008, and the previous period of September 31, 2002-August 31, 2008 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,587 Research Fronts in the November 30, 2002-October 31, 2008 database, a total of 715 (10.8%) were new.

View a list of just Emerging Research Front Maps -or- a Site-Wide list of all Research Front Maps within ScienceWatch.com (listed by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.
 

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
NEONATAL IMMUNE SYSTEM; INFANT NUTRITION; EARLY DEVELOPMENT; PRETERM INFANTS Breast-feeding may reduce the incidence of infection in infants.
Biology &
Biochemistry
PROTEASOME INHIBITORS; SUITABLE ANTINEOPLASTIC TARGET; ANTICANCER DRUGS A proteasome inhibitor has shown efficacy as an anticancer agent in the clinic.
Chemistry HYBRID THREE-DIMENSIONAL NANOFLUIDIC/MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES USING MOLECULAR GATES; MULTILAYERED MICROFLUIDIC SEPARATION SYSTEMS The extension of microfluidic devices to include three-dimensional fluidic networks.
Clinical
Medicine
TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY PROGRESSION-DEVELOPMENT-TREATMENT; TYPE 2 DIABETES The progression of nephropathy from diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Computer
Science
PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTION NETWORK; BIOLOGICAL NETWORK COMPARISON; MODELING CELLULAR MACHINERY Comparison of the protein-protein interaction networks of Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Economics &
Business
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE FIRMS; INTERNATIONAL DIVERSIFICATION; GLOBAL STRATEGIES; MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES Multi-national enterprises are the key drivers of globalization.
Engineering POTENTIAL INFINITIES; MATHEMATICAL SYSTEM An analysis of the concepts of potential and actual infinities.
Environment/
Ecology
ERICA INTEGRATED APPROACH; DEFAULT CONCENTRATION RATIOS; AQUATIC BIOTA; TERRESTRIAL BIOTA An integrated approach to assessing the radiological risk to biota.
Geosciences DeMottATMOSPHERIC ICE NUCLEI; ATMOSPHERIC APPLICATIONS; AFRICAN DUST AEROSOLS Dust aerosols indirectly affect cloud properties and climate.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Paul J. DeMott
Immunology NATURALLY OCCURRING CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) REGULATORY T CELLS; DOMINANT SELF-TOLERANCE; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE The pathogenetic mechanism of autoimmune disease and the development of novel methods of autoimmune disease prevention and treatment.
Materials
Science
LindsayMOLECULARLY INHERENT VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED CONDUCTANCE SWITCHING; NANOSCALE THIOL-SUBSTITUTED OLIGOANILINE MOLECULAR JUNCTIONS; REVERSIBLE BISTABLE SWITCHING Stochastic switching in the simplest of wired molecules.
Emerging Research Comment by: Stuart Lindsay
Mathematics BAYESIAN INTERVAL MAPPING; EXPERIMENTAL CROSSES; QTL MAPPING; QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI An extensible, interactive environment for mapping quantitative trait loci.
Microbiology NuñezINTRACELLULAR PROTEINS; INTRACELLULAR REGULATORS; BACTERIAL-INDUCED INFLAMMATION Harmful microbes are mediated by a class of proteins called innate immune receptors.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Gabriel Nuñez
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
MAMMALIAN SOUR TASTE DETECTION; MAMMALIAN TASTE; DIFFERENT RECEPTOR CELLS SHARING SIMILAR SIGNALING PATHWAYS; MOUSE TASTE BUDS Mammals can taste a wide range of chemosensory stimuli.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
DOPAMINE D-3 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS; CORTICAL CHOLINERGIC TRANSMISSION; CORTICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING Attentional functions of cortical cholinergic inputs.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
AGGREGATED ALPHA-SYNUCLEIN ACTIVATES MICROGLIA; NADPH OXIDASE MEDIATES LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE-INDUCED NEUROTOXICITY; INFLAMMATION-MEDIATED NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES The involvement of microglia in the neurodegenerative process of several degenerative neurological diseases.
Physics MOLECULAR ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTORS; CHARGE-TRANSPORT PARAMETERS; ELECTRONIC POLARIZATION Processes taking place in pi-conjugated materials.
Plant &
Animal Science
BRAIN GENE EXPRESSION PROFILES PREDICT INDIVIDUAL HONEYBEE BEHAVIOR; COMPLEX SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR; MATERNAL REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS The genome sequence of the honeybee Apis mellifera.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
DECONSTRUCTING SCHIZOPHRENIA; NEUROCOGNITIVE ENDOPHENOTYPES; HIGH GATING LEVELS; STARTLE GATING DEFICITS The measurement and use of endophenotypes in schizophrenia.
Social Sciences,
general
HEALTH CARE DELIVERED; QUALITY; UNITED STATES; CQI STUDY The quality of health care for adults in the United States.
Space
Science
SUPERNOVA OBSERVATIONS; DARK ENERGY METAMORPHOSIS; COSMOLOGICAL PARAMETERS Dark energy appears to be the dominant form of matter-energy in the universe.
Fast Moving Front Comment (05/2007) by:
Ujjaini Alam, Varun Sahni, Tarun Deep Saini, & Alexei A. Starobinsky
2002-2008_5

  



Emerging Research Fronts : 2009 : February 2009 - Emerging Research Fronts