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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2009

June 2009

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of March 2003-February 28, 2009, and the previous period of January 2003-December 31, 2008 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,667 Research Fronts in the March 2003-February 28, 2009 file, a total of 738 (11%) were new.

View a list of just Emerging Research Front Maps -or- a Site-Wide list of all Research Front Maps within ScienceWatch.com (listed by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.
 

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
ENDOGENOUS ZN2+ POOL MITOCHONDRIAL FUNCTION MODULATION; CELLULAR ZINC; NEURONAL CELL DEATH INVOLVING MITOCHONDRIAL DYSFUNCTION Biological functions, health implications, and pharmacological targets are emerging for zinc.
Biology &
Biochemistry
ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUE RUPTURE; ACTIVE MMP-9 INDUCES ACUTE PLAQUE DISRUPTION; MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASES (MATRIXINS); APOE-DEFICIENT MICE Plasma matrix metalloproteinase concentration is identified as a novel predictor of cardiovascular mortality in patients with coronary artery disease.
Chemistry EXPANDED EUKARYOTIC GENETIC CODE; GENETIC INCORPORATION; UNNATURAL AMINO ACIDS The addition of unnatural amino acids to the genetic code of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Clinical
Medicine
AltieriSURVIVIN; NEW ANTICANCER INTERVENTIONS; CELL DIVISION; VERSATILE MODULATION; SPLICE VARIANTS Current evidence and emerging concepts on the multifaceted functions of survivin in cell death and cell division.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Dario C. Altieri
Computer
Science
AUTOMATED PROTEIN HOMOLOGY-MODELING SERVER; PROTEIN STRUCTURE HOMOLOGY MODELLING; SWISS-MODEL WORKSPACE; WEB-BASED ENVIRONMENT A server for automated comparative modeling of three-dimensional protein structures.
Economics &
Business
1958 BRITISH BIRTH COHORT (NATIONAL CHILD DEVELOPMENT STUDY); COHORT PROFILE; BIOMEDICAL SURVEY; BRIGHT CHILDREN A continuing, multi-disciplinary longitudinal study which takes as its subjects all the people born in one week in March 1958 in England, Scotland, and Wales.
Engineering LITHIUM-BASED RECHARGEABLE BATTERY NONAQUEOUS LIQUID ELECTROLYTES; LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES; PC-BASED ELECTROLYTES Nonaqueous liquid electrolytes for lithium-based rechargeable batteries.
Environment/
Ecology
HUMAN GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT MICROBIOTA; INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA; PREBIOTICS; METABOLIC DIVERSITY The molecular and cellular bases of host-microbe interactions in the gastrointestinal tract.
Geosciences INTCAL04 TERRESTRIAL RADIOCARBON AGE CALIBRATION; MARINE04 MARINE RADIOCARBON AGE CALIBRATION Radiocarbon ages are converted to calendar ages via an independent chronometer for accurate dating applications.
Immunology INTESTINAL DENDRITIC CELLS; COMMENSAL BACTERIA; DENDRITIC CELL EXTENSION; EPITHELIAL CELL TLR ENGAGEMENT Dendritic cells and macrophages are critical to innate and adaptive immunity to intestinal bacterial microbiota.
Materials
Science
ÖzgürZNO MATERIAL-DEVICES; RECENT PROGRESS An in-depth discussion of the mechanical, chemical, electrical, and optical properties of ZnO.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Ümit Özgür
Mathematics LOCALLY CONSERVATIVE DISCRETIZATION METHODS; QUADRILATERAL H(DIV) FINITE ELEMENTS; ANISOTROPIC DIFFUSION OPERATORS Approximation properties of quadrilateral finite element spaces of vector fields defined by the Piola transform are considered.
Microbiology STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS BIOFILMS; STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS; KNEE JOINT INFECTIONS; POLYSACCHARIDE INTERCELLULAR ADHESIN The accessory genes of Staphylococcus aureus are controlled by a complex regulatory network that includes at least four two-component systems.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
P53 UBIQUITINATION; P53 REGULATION; MOLECULAR BASIS; POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION The role of p53 post-translational modifications in carcinogenesis and cancer prevention.
Multidisciplinary LONGLASTING SINGLE-MOLECULE FLUORESCENCE IMAGING; RNA POLYMERASE; INITIAL TRANSCRIPTION; DNA-SCRUNCHING MECHANISM Results support a model in which a stressed intermediate, with DNA-unwinding and DNA-compaction stresses, is formed during initial transcription.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
LRP/AMYLOID BETA-PEPTIDE INTERACTION MEDIATES DIFFERENTIAL BRAIN EFFLUX; RAGE MEDIATES AMYLOID-BETA PEPTIDE TRANSPORT; CIRCULATING LIPOPROTEIN RECEPTORS Amyloid-beta peptide interacts with the vasculature to influence Abeta levels in the brain and cerebral blood flow.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
OXIDATIVE STRESS-INDUCED CANCER; FREE RADICALS; ANTIOXIDANTS; NORMAL PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS Reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species play both deleterious and beneficial roles.
Physics PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC RECORDING; SELF-ASSEMBLED MAGNETIC STRUCTURES; DATA STORAGE MEDIA; EXCHANGE SPRING MEDIA Composite perpendicular recording media consisting of magnetically hard and soft regions within each grain.
Plant &
Animal Science
NORTHERN HUMBOLDT CURRENT ECOSYSTEM; PERUVIAN ANCHOVY (ENGRAULIS RINGENS) TROPHODYNAMICS; EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC An extensive field study of the physical oceanography of the eastern tropical Pacific.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
CRUCIAL DRIVING MANEUVER; ATTENTION RESOURCE ALLOCATION; VISUAL ATTENTION; SIMULATED DRIVING; USING MOBILE TELEPHONES The effects of hands-free cell phone conversations on simulated driving.
Social Sciences,
general
CANADIAN STROKE NETWORK VASCULAR COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT HARMONIZATION STANDARDS; MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT; EARLY DEMENTIA Development of a cognitive screening tool to assist first-line physicians in the detection of mild cognitive impairment.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Ziad Nasreddine & Howard Chertkow
Space
Science
PrimackLAMBDA CDM HALO CONCENTRATIONS; DARK MATTER HALOES; SHAPE; MASS Analysis of halo shapes can provide a clue to the nature of dark matter and the process of halo and galaxy formation.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Joel R. Primack & Brandon Allgood
2003-2009_1

     



Emerging Research Fronts : 2009 : June 2009 - Emerging Research Fronts