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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2010

April 2010

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of January 2004-December 31, 2009, and the previous period of November 2003-October 31, 2009 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,694 Research Fronts in the November 2003-October 31, 2009 file, a total of 645 (10%) were new.

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
Jeng-Leun MauWILD EDIBLE MUSHROOM ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY-ANTIOXIDANT COMPOUND DETERMINATION; POTENTIAL ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY INVITRO; STIPE ACTIVITY

Emerging Research Comment by:
Jeng-Leun Mau, Chieh-No Chang, Shih-Jeng Huang, & Chin-Chu Chen

Antioxidant properties of wild edible mushrooms.
Biology &
Biochemistry
MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS ANALYSIS (MEGA) SOFTWARE VERSION 4; LARGE PHYLOGENIES; NEIGHBOR-JOINING METHOD

New Hot Paper Comment by:
Sudhir Kumar
(Oct. 2009) & Podcast (Sep. 2007)

Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) bioinformatics software.
Chemistry Anthony L. SpekNOVEL BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE 4-HYDROXY-N '-(BENZYLIDENE); STRUCTURE VALIDATION; CHEMICAL CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; FACILE SYNTHESIS

Emerging Research Comment by:
Anthony L. Spek

Automated structure validation in chemical crystallography.
Clinical
Medicine
Judith WhitworthBRITISH HYPERTENSION SOCIETY GUIDELINES; HYPERTENSION MANAGEMENT 2004 (BHS-IV); HYPERTENSION (ISH) STATEMENT

Emerging Research Comment by:
Judith Whitworth

Blood pressure-induced cardiovascular risk.
Computer
Science
SVM BASED PROTEIN SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION PREDICTION; MULTIPLE PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; BACTERIAL PROTEIN SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION; COMPARATIVE PROTEOME ANALYSIS Bacterial protein subcellular localization prediction tool.
Economics &
Business
Jasit SinghPATENT CITATION KNOWLEDGE FLOW MEASUREMENT; KNOWLEDGE DIFFUSION PATTERNS; EXAMINER CITATIONS

Emerging Research Comment by:
Jasit Singh

How social networks influence flow of knowledge.
Engineering SEMICONDUCTOR NANOPARTICLES; BIOELECTROANALYTICAL SYSTEMS; ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS Metal, semiconductor and magnetic particles act as functional units for electroanalytical applications.
Environment/
Ecology
EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY; EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE; STABILIZING SELECTION EXPLAIN EVOLUTIONARY DIVERGENCE; MULTIVARIATE APPROACHES Selection in evolution may exhaust genetic variance.
Geosciences Narumi TakahashiThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.MARGINAL BASIN OCEANIC CRUST; ARCHEAN OCEANIC CRUST; SUPRASUBDUCTION ZONE OPHIOLITE FORMATION; JURASSIC MIRDITA OPHIOLITE (ALBANIA)

Emerging Research Comment by:
Narumi Takahashi

High-resolution velocity model of the Mariana arc-backarc system from active-source seismic profiling.
Immunology INTRACELLULAR PATTERN RECOGNITION RECEPTORS; HOST RESPONSE; NOD-LIKE PROTEINS; IMMUNITY; INFLAMMATION Antiviral proteins are likely to have critical roles in health and disease.
Materials
Science
Tadashi KokuboThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.IN-VIVO BONE BIOACTIVITY; CALCIUM PHOSPHATE PRECIPITATION; SIMULATED BODY FLUID

Emerging Research Comment by:
Tadashi Kokubo & Hiroaki Takadama

Development of novel bioactive materials based on apatite formation in simulated body fluids.
Mathematics SPHERE SUBSAMPLING NEEDLET COEFFICIENTS; LOCALIZED TIGHT FRAMES; PRACTICAL WAVELET DESIGN; TRIEBEL-LIZORKIN SPACES Tight frames on the sphere have excellent pointwise localization and approximation properties.
Microbiology TRICHODERMA SPECIES; TRICHODERMA STRAINS; BIOCONTROL MECHANISMS; AVIRULENT PLANT SYMBIONTS Trichoderma species are opportunistic, avirulent plant symbionts.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
SOLUBLE PROTEIN OLIGOMER NEURODEGENERATION; BETA OLIGOMERS; ALZHEIMER'S AMYLOID BETA-PEPTIDE Neuronal dysfunction is induced by diffusible oligomers of misfolded proteins.
Multidisciplinary N/A for this period.  
Neuroscience &
Behavior
NEURAL SYSTEMS SUPPORTING INTEROCEPTIVE AWARENESS; INCREASED AMYGDALA; INSULA ACTIVATION; EMOTION PROCESSING Individual differences in intensity of emotional experience reflect variation in sensitivity to internal bodily responses.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS; RECENT ADVANCES; PHARMACEUTICAL CARRIERS

Emerging Research Comment by:
Terry M. Allen & Pieter Cullis

(From Oct. 2009)

Drug delivery systems can be designed to improve the therapeutic properties of drugs administered parenterally.
Physics FRICTION NONLINEAR NATURE; ATOMIC-SCALE CONTROL; NANOMETER-SIZED CONTACTS; ACTUATION The nonlinear nature of adhesion, friction, lubrication and wear of surfaces in relative motion.
Plant &
Animal Science
LIGNOCELLULOSE DEGRADING FUNGUS PHANEROCHAETE CHRYSOSPORIUM STRAIN RP78; EXTRACELLULAR OXIDATIVE SYSTEMS; GENOME SEQUENCE Phanerochaete chrysosporium genome reveals an array of genes encoding secreted oxidases, peroxidases and hydrolytic enzymes that cooperate in wood decay.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
Edward BullmoreANTIDEPRESSANT DRUG TREATMENT; NEURAL PROCESSING; EVENT-RELATED FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING STUDY

Emerging Research Comment by:
Edward Bullmore

Depression is associated with interpersonal difficulties related to abnormalities in affective facial processing.
Social Sciences,
general
OUTPATIENT ANTIBIOTIC USE; GENERAL PRACTICE RESEARCH DATABASE; CROSS-NATIONAL DATABASE; ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIBING; RESPIRATORY ILLNESS Outpatient antibiotic use in Europe and its association with antibiotic resistance.
Space
Science
Fabrice MartinsSTELLAR EVOLUTION; STELLAR PARAMETERS; WOLF-RAYET STAR POPULATIONS; GALACTIC O STARS; DIFFERENT METALLICITIES

Emerging Research Comment by:
Fabrice Martins

New calibrations of stellar parameters of O stars at solar metallicity taking non-LTE, wind, and line-blanketing effects into account.
2003-2009_6

  



Emerging Research Fronts : 2010 : April 2010 - Emerging Research Fronts