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EMERGING RESEARCH FRONTS - 2010

February 2010

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Emerging Research Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of November 2003-October 31, 2009, and the previous period of September 2003-August 31, 2009 (sliding 6-year period). Of the 6,683 Research Fronts in the November 2003-October 31, 2009 file, a total of 649 (10%) were new.

Research Front Maps may be selected from the current Research Front set that are relevant to the core papers of the chosen field. View them at the site-wide listing of all Research Front Maps (sorted by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
BREAD QUALITY PARAMETERS; WHEAT GLUTEN; FUNDAMENTAL RHEOLOGY; DOUGH RHEOLOGY The applications of rheology to the main processes encountered during breadmaking.
Biology &
Biochemistry
EPCAM-POSITIVE HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA CELLS; ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN EXPRESSION DEFINES NOVEL PROGNOSTIC SUBTYPES; HEPATIC PROGENITOR CELLS An analysis of the global gene expression patterns of human hepatocellular carcinomas.
Chemistry MARINE NATURAL PRODUCTS Compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton.
Clinical
Medicine
TASTE RECEPTORS; MULTIPLE RECEPTORS UNDERLIE GLUTAMATE TASTE RESPONSES; UMAMI TASTE TRANSDUCTION MECHANISMS; TAS1R TASTE RECEPTOR GENES L-Glutamate can serve as a luminally derived fuel precursor for colonocytes.
Computer
Science
Joaquín DopazoSIGNIFICANTLY RELATED PHENOTYPE MOLECULAR FUNCTIONS DISCOVERY; GENE EXPRESSION DATA; GENE ONTOLOGY TERMS; FINDING SIGNIFICANT ASSOCIATIONS

Emerging Research Comment by: Joaquín Dopazo

Web-based bioinformatics tools using gene ontology terms.
Economics &
Business
Frank WindmeijerLINEAR EFFICIENT TWO-STEP GMM ESTIMATORS; FINITE SAMPLE CORRECTION

Emerging Research Comment by:
Frank Windmeijer
; (Commentary added in April 2010 for February 2010 late entry.)

Possible downward bias in the standard errors of the two-step generalized method of moments estimator.
Engineering CHALCOPYRITE THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS; 9%-EFFICIENT ZNO/CDS/CUINGASE2 SOLAR CELL; ELECTRODEPOSITION; 2% FILL FACTOR

New Hot Paper Comment by:
Ingrid Repins
( Oct. 2009)

Thin film solar cells can compete with traditional crystalline silicon technology in terms of conversion efficiency.
Environment/
Ecology
Michael R. RaupachATMOSPHERIC CO2 GROWTH; ACCELERATION ECONOMIC ACTIVITY; ACCELERATING CO2 EMISSION GLOBAL-REGIONAL DRIVERS; SOUTHERN OCEAN CO2 SINK; RECENT CLIMATE CHANGE

Emerging Research Comment by:
Michael R. Raupach

CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning and industrial processes have been accelerating on a global scale.
Geosciences ASIAN DUST; ASIAN AEROSOLS; ASIAN OUTFLOW; CLIMATIC IMPACTS

Fast Breaking Paper Comment by:
Barry J. Huebert

(Feb. 2005)

Asian dust particles can be transported to North America and beyond, making their impact a global one.
Immunology PD-L1 TISSUE EXPRESSION MEDIATES PERIPHERAL T CELL TOLERANCE; B7-CD28 FAMILY CO-INHIBITORY MOLECULES The roles of the B7:CD28 family members in regulating immune responses and their therapeutic potential.
Materials
Science
POROUS VANADIUM OXIDE NETWORK; HIGH POWER CHARACTERISTICS; ENHANCED INTERCALATION PROPERTIES; THREE-DIMENSIONAL BATTERY ARCHITECTURES Three-dimensional battery architectures offer a different approach to the portable power field.
Mathematics STABILITY CONDITIONS; GROMOV-WITTEN THEORY; DONALDSON-THOMAS THEORY; K3 SURFACES; TRIANGULATED CATEGORIES Topological strings and corresponding amplitudes.
Microbiology BACTERIAL IRON SOURCES; SIDEROPHORE-BASED IRON ACQUISITION; RATIONALLY DESIGNED NUCLEOSIDE ANTIBIOTICS; PATHOGEN CONTROL Iron is an essential element for most organisms, including bacteria.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION STUDY; REPLICATING GENOTYPE-PHENOTYPE ASSOCIATIONS; COMPLEX TRAITS Genotyping technologies have been developed that can assay hundreds of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms simultaneously.
Multidisciplinary HUMAN EVOLVED SOCIAL COGNITION SPECIALIZED SKILLS; THEORY-BASED BAYESIAN INDUCTIVE LEARNING-REASONING MODELS; CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE HYPOTHESIS Inductive inference allows humans to make powerful generalizations from sparse data.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
MODIFIED RAT FORCED SWIMMING TEST; ASSESSING ANTIDEPRESSANT ACTIVITY; TAIL SUSPENSION TEST; BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors exert their antidepressant-like effects by increasing synaptic concentrations of serotonin.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
Michael M. GottesmanMAMMALIAN ATP-BINDING CASSETTE MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE PROTEIN; CANCER CELLS; PROFILING ABC TRANSPORTER GENES; PREDICTING DRUG SENSITIVITY

Emerging Research Comment by:
Michael M. Gottesman

Combating multidrug-resistant cancer.
Physics William S. EplingNOX STORAGE/REDUCTION CATALYSTS; MODEL NOX STORAGE MATERIALS; NOX ADSORPTION; PT-BA/ALUMINA CATALYSTS; AMORPHOUS-TO-CRYSTALLINE BA(NO3)(2) PHASE TRANSITION

Emerging Research Comment by:
William S. Epling

After-treatment technology to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions from lean-burn power sources.
Plant &
Animal Science
Alan HastingsBIOLOGICAL INVASIONS; INSECT INVASIONS; ALLEE EFFECTS; POPULATION ECOLOGY

Emerging Research Comment by:
Alan Hastings

The issue of spreading invasive species is central to many areas of ecology.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
BIPOLAR DISORDER; SCHIZOPHRENIA; PSYCHIATRIC NOSOLOGY; DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL; GENES Evidence for relationships between genotype and psychopathology in schizophrenia and mania.
Social Sciences,
general
Corrie S. MoreauThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.EARLY BEE DIVERSIFICATION; EARLY ANT EVOLUTION; NEWLY DISCOVERED SISTER LINEAGE; FAMILY-GROUP NAMES

Emerging Research Comment by:
Corrie S. Moreau

Ant species flourished with the rise of flowering plants.
Space
Science
GALACTIC NUCLEI SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES; BLACK HOLE MASS-BULGE MASS RELATION Black holes play a key role in the evolution of galaxies.
2003-2009_5

   

 


Emerging Research Fronts : 2010 : February 2010 - Emerging Research Fronts