Archive ScienceWatch

 ScienceWatch

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of January 2002-February 29, 2008, and the previous period of January 2002-December 31, 2007 (sliding 6-year period).

Three Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Fast Moving Fronts from this period. They are:

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: " SOY PROTEIN CONTAINING ISOFLAVONES"
WuSOY PROTEIN; ISOFLAVONES; ANTIDIABETIC; BREAST CANCER RISK; ADULT SOY INTAKE; DIFFERENT SOY FOODS The association between soyfood intake and breast cancer risk.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Anna Wu
Biology &
Biochemistry
ELECTROSPUN POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET) NANOFIBERS; BIOMIMETIC ELECTROSPUN NANOFIBERS; ; ELECTROSPUN PROTEIN FIBERS Potential use of a nanofibrous matrix for tissue engineering.
Chemistry BIODIESEL PRODUCTION; NON-CATALYTIC SUPERCRITICAL METHANOL TRANSESTERIFICATION METHODS; BIODIESEL FUELS; BIODIESEL PROCESSING The acid level of high free fatty acids feedstocks could be reduced to less than 1% with a 2-step pretreatment reaction.
Clinical
Medicine
CLASS 3 OBESITY; US CHILDREN; US ADULTS; PREVALENCE; SEVERELY OBESE CHILDREN Public health benefits from reduction in overweight and obesity.
Computer
Science
BirneyGENE PREDICTION; GENE FINDING; MULTIPLE SOURCES; PEN SOURCE AB INITIO EUKARYOTIC GENE-FINDERS Algorithms can provide both accurate and complete gene structures when used with the correct evidence.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Ewan Birney
Economics &
Business
GLOBALIZATION REDUCING POVERTY; INEQUALITY; WORLD CITIZENS Evidence emphasizes the importance of economic growth for poverty reduction.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
David Dollar
Engineering StackelbergHUMAN PHARMACEUTICALS; ORGANIC WASTEWATER CONTAMINANTS; HUMAN USE CONTAMINATING; WASTEWATER EFFLUENT Improvements in water-treatment processes may benefit from the response of organic wastewater-related contaminants to specific physical and chemical treatments.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Paul E. Stackelberg
Environment/
Ecology
MANAGEMENT UNITS USING POPULATION GENETIC DATA; POPULATION STRUCTURE USING MULTILOCUS GENOTYPE DATA; STANDARDIZED GENETIC DIFFERENTIATION MEASURE Self-reported ancestry can facilitate assessments of epidemiological risks but does not obviate the need to use genetic information in genetic association studies.
Geosciences PALEOELEVATION RECONSTRUCTION USING PEDOGENIC CARBONATES; RAPID LATE MIOCENE RISE; STABLE ISOTOPE PALEOALTIMETRY; STABLE ISOTOPE COMPOSITIONS Crustal thickening models, combined with plate-kinematic solutions of India - Asia convergence, are compatible with palaeoelevation estimates across the Tibetan plateau.
Immunology
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: "DENDRITIC CELLS"
DERMAL DENDRITIC CELLS COLONIZE LYMPH NODE AREAS; LANGERHANS CELLS IN-VIVO; DONOR ALLOREACTIVE T CELLS PREVENTS SKIN GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST DISEASE; VAGINAL SUBMUCOSAL DENDRITIC CELLS Dendritic cells appear to be more and more important in the general field of inflammation and immunization, and the issue of monocyte heterogeneity becomes relevant.
Materials
Science
DNA-FUNCTIONALIZED SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; NUCLEIC ACID FUNCTIONALIZED CARBON NANOTUBE ARRAYS; CARBON NANOTUBE-ENHANCED ELECTROCHEMICAL DNA BIOSENSOR The interface between biological molecules and novel nanomaterials is important to developing new types of miniature devices for biological applications.
Mathematics TRAFFIC FLOW MODEL; VEHICULAR TRAFFIC FLOW; TRAFFIC CIRCLES; GAS FLOW; CARS FLOW A fluidodynamic model for traffic flow based on a conservation law..
Microbiology ShaiHOST CATIONIC ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES; MEMBRANE ACTIVE ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES; CATIONIC HOST DEFENSE (ANTIMICROBIAL) PEPTIDES Antimicrobial peptides serve as a nonspecific defense system that complements the highly specific cell-mediated immune response.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Yechiel Shai
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
LaceyOSTEOCLAST DEVELOPMENT; RANKL MAINTAINS BONE HOMEOSTASIS; OSTEOCLAST DIFFERENTIATION; BREAST CANCER CELLS PROMOTES OSTEOLYTIC BONE METASTASIS; BONE ANABOLIC ACTIVITY The molecular basis for developing therapeutics to treat osteoporosis and other diseases of bone loss.
The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.Fast Moving Front Comment by:
David Lacey & Scott Simonet
Multidisciplinary BIOLOGICAL POSITIVE-FEED BACK SYSTEMS; MONOTONE CONTROL SYSTEMS; LACTOSE UTILIZATION NETWORK; REDUCING STOCHASTIC TRANSITIONS Biological switches are essential for the determination of cell fate in multicellular organisms.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
Borsello PARKINSON'S DISEASE NEURODEGENERATION; CYCLOOXYGENASE-2 MEDIATES MICROGLIAL ACTIVATION; MOUSE MPTP MODEL; INFLAMMATION-MEDIATED NEURODEGENERATION A protease-resistant peptide is a promising neuroprotective agent for stroke.
The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Tiziana Borsello
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: " THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF CURCUMIN"
CURCUMIN (DIFERULOYLMETHANE) INHIBITS CONSTITUTIVE NF-KAPPA B ACTIVATION; NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B INHIBITORS; NUCLEAR TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR-KAPPA B Studies suggest that curcumin has enormous potential in the prevention and therapy of cancer.
Physics CARBON NANOTUBE FIELD EMISSION MICROCATHODES; CARBON NANOTUBE FIELD EMITTERS; INDIVIDUAL CARBON NANOTUBES; MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBE Heating permits thermal desorption of an individual multiwalled carbon nanotube and excellent current stability.
Plant &
Animal Science
Craig StockwellRAPID CLIMATE CHANGE; GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE; RECENT CLIMATE CHANGE; CHARACTERIZING BIRD MIGRATION PHENOLOGY USING DATA Contemporary evolution is influenced by complex interactions among population size, genetic variation, the strength of selection and gene flow.
The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Craig Stockwell, Andrew Hendry & Michael Kinnison
Psychiatry/
Psychology
ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS; ADOLESCENT MENTAL HEALTH SURVEY 1999; MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS; DSM-IV DISORDERS The risk of having at least one psychiatric disorder by age 16 years is much higher than point estimates would suggest.
Social Sciences,
general
DETECTING RECENT POSITIVE SELECTION; POSITIVE NATURAL SELECTION; HUMAN SKIN; HUMAN GENOME; HUMAN LINEAGE A framework for detecting the genetic imprint of recent positive selection by analyzing long-range haplotypes in human populations.
Space
Science
NEARBY X-RAY GALAXY CLUSTERS; NEARBY RELAXED GALAXY CLUSTERS; LARGEST RELAXED GALAXY CLUSTERS; CHANDRA TEMPERATURE PROFILES Constraints on the mean dark energy density.
2002-2008_1

  



Fast Moving Fronts : 2008 : July 2008 - Fast Moving Fronts