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 ScienceWatch

FAST MOVING FRONTS

March 2008

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of November 2001-October 31, 2007, and the previous period of September 2001-August 31, 2007 (sliding 6-year period).

Two Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Fast Moving Fronts from this period. They are:

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

 

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
BaumanSHEEP MEAT PRODUCTION; SHEEP LIMB BONE GROWTH
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Dale E. Bauman
Study of the growth and development of crossbred lamb progeny representing muscle, control, and growth sire-types.
Biology &
Biochemistry
PREDICTING EUKARYOTIC PROTEIN SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; AMPHIPHILIC PSEUDO AMINO ACID COMPOSITION; PREDICTING PROTEIN LOCALIZATION How structural bioinformatics is applied to derive the 3D structures of functionally important proteins.
Chemistry N-(2-METHYLPHENYL) METHANESULFONAMIDE; N-(3-NITROPHENYL) METHANESULFONAMIDE The effect on crystal parameters of the substitution of a strong electron withdrawing group into phenyl-trichloro-acetamides.
Clinical
Medicine
SEVERE HEMOPHILIA A; FACTOR VIII INHIBITORS; PREVIOUSLY UNTREATED PATIENTS; SUBSEQUENT INHIBITOR DEVELOPMENT; PLASMA-DERIVED FACTOR VIII PRODUCTS The risk of inhibitor development in the treatment of children with severe hemophilia A.
Computer
Science
FEATURED FRONT: with corresponding map
KhodierCIRCULAR ANTENNA ARRAY USING CROSSED PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM; MICROWAVE IMAGING 3-D BURIED OBJECTS USING PARALLEL GENETIC ALGORITHM
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Majid M. Khodier
The synthesis method of linear array geometry with minimum sidelobe level and null control using the particle swarm optimization algorithm.
Economics &
Business
NONAUDIT SERVICES COMPROMISE AUDITOR INDEPENDENCE; AGGRESSIVE EARNINGS MANAGEMENT; AUDIT COMMITTEE EXPERTISE; ACCOUNTING SCANDALS Non-audit fees are positively associated with small earnings surprises and the magnitude of discretionary accruals, while audit fees are negatively associated with these earnings management indicators.
Engineering SMALL ULTRA WIDEBAND MICROSTRIP-FED TAP MONOPOLE ANTENNA; PLANAR INDUCTIVELY COUPLED BOW-TIE SLOT ANTENNA; DUAL-WIDEBAND SQUARE SLOT ANTENNA A square slot antenna fed by two orthogonal feedlines designed for dual polarized applications has a very wide bandwidth.
Environment/
Ecology
KulmalaBOREAL FOREST PARTICLE FORMATION EVENTS; ATMOSPHERIC ION-INDUCED NUCLEATION; ULTRAFINE ATMOSPHERIC PARTICLES; AIR ION PRODUCTION RATES
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Markku Kulmala
Global climate models require reliable models for nucleation because nucleation can lead to a significant increase in the number concentration of cloud condensation nuclei.
Geosciences DIFFUSION-DRIVEN EXTREME LITHIUM ISOTOPIC FRACTIONATION; TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT ISOTOPIC FRACTIONATION; LITHIUM ISOTOPIC SIGNATURES Data are consistent with isotopically heavy Li being released into the forearc mantle wedge in subduction zones, while an isotopically light component is subducted deeply, and may form a distinct mantle reservoir.
Immunology ParhamNATURAL KILLER CELL REPERTOIRE SELECTION; NK CELL ACTIVATION; MHC CLASS I MOLECULES
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Peter Parham
Major histocompatibility complex class I and killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor variants influence resistance to infections, susceptibility to autoimmune diseases and complications of pregnancy, and such correlations suggest that interplay between KIR and MHC class I polymorphisms has facilitated human survival in the presence of epidemic infections.
Materials
Science
DupontHALIDE-FREE IMIDAZOLIUM IONIC LIQUIDS; WATER STABLE IONIC LIQUIDS; TRANSITION-METAL NANOCLUSTER STABILIZATION; TRANSITION-METAL NANOPARTICLES
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Jaïrton Dupont
The advent of ionic liquids allow one for the first time to investigate the interactions and behavior of molecular, biological and macromolecular species in solution using physical and chemical methods which have been traditionally limited to solid state chemistry.
Mathematics ChengFLAT RADIAL BASIS FUNCTIONS; MULTIQUADRIC INTERPOLANTS; H-C MULTIQUADRIC COLLOCATION METHOD; PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Alexander H.D. Cheng
The radial basis function collocation method uses global shape functions to interpolate and collocate the approximate solution of partial differential equations.
Microbiology ANAEROBIC AMMONIUM OXIDATION (ANAMMOX); ANAMMOX BACTERIA; ANOXIC WATER COLUMN; MASSIVE NITROGEN LOSS The widespread occurrence of ammonium consumption in suboxic marine settings indicates that anammox might be important in the oceanic nitrogen cycle.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
DEVELOPING ZEBRAFISH EMBRYO; ZEBRAFISH DERMOMYOTOME; WHOLE-SOMITE ROTATION GENERATES MUSCLE PROGENITOR CELL COMPARTMENTS; MYOGENIC REGULATORY FACTORS The somitic compartment that gives rise to trunk muscle and dermis in amniotes is an epithelial sheet on the external surface of the somite and is known as the dermomyotome, an ancient and conserved structure that evolved prior to the last common ancestor of all vertebrates.
Multidisciplinary BACTERIAL MULTIDRUG ABC TRANSPORTER; PUTATIVE METAL-CHELATE-TYPE ABC TRANSPORTER; STRUCTURE Multi-drug transporters of the ABC family facilitate the export of diverse cytotoxic drugs across cell membranes.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
RECOGNITION MEMORY; RECOLLECTION; DUAL-PROCESS THEORY; SIGNAL-DETECTION THEORY; FAMILIARITY Recollection reflects a threshold-like retrieval process that supports novel learning, whereas familiarity reflects a signal-detection process that can support novel learning only under certain conditions.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
AltmannNIEMANN-PICK C1-LIKE 1 OVEREXPRESSION FACILITATES EZETIMIBE-SENSITIVE CHOLESTEROL; NIEMANN-PICK C1 LIKE 1 PROTEIN; NIEMANN-PICK C1 LIKE-1 (NPC1L1) BINDING AFFINITY
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Scott W. Altmann
Dietary cholesterol consumption and intestinal cholesterol absorption contribute to plasma cholesterol levels, a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Niemann-Pick C1 Like 1 protein plays a critical role in the absorption of intestinal cholesterol.
Physics MINIMAL SUPERSYMMETRIC MODEL; NEXT-TO-MINIMAL SUPERSYMMETRIC STANDARD MODEL; STANDARD MODEL SCALAR SECTOR; LIGHT NEUTRALINO DARK MATTER
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
John F. Gunion & Radovan Dermisek
The next-to-minimal supersymmetric model can have small fine-tuning and modest top-squark mass while still evading all experimental constraints.
Plant &
Animal Science
INDUCIBLE HIGH-AFFINITY NITRATE TRANSPORTER GENE CLUSTER; REPRESSES LATERAL ROOT INITIATION; NITRATE/PROTON ANTIPORTER ATCLCA MEDIATES NITRATE ACCUMULATION The NRT2.1 gene is a repressor of lateral root initiation and this role is independent of nitrate uptake. Arabidopsis NRT2.1 may act either as a nitrate sensor or signal transducer to coordinate the development of the root system with nutritional cues.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
FEATURED FRONT: with corresponding map
CareyCOLLEGE STUDENT DRINKING NORMS; SOCIAL NORMS APPROACHES USING DESCRIPTIVE DRINKING NORMS EDUCATION; REDUCE COLLEGE STUDENTS' HEAVY ALCOHOL US
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Kate B. Carey & Brian Borsari
Peer pressure is consistently implicated in the excessive drinking by college students. Theory and empirical findings suggest that peer pressure is a combination of three distinct influences: overt offers of alcohol, modeling, and social norms.
Social Sciences,
general
ASSESSING ORGANIZATIONAL READINESS; ORGANIZATIONAL ASSESSMENT; ASSESSING PROGRAM NEEDS Studies of technology transfer and organizational behavior in related fields provide a basis for proposing a heuristic model for transferring research-based interventions and procedures into general practice at community drug treatment programs.
Space
Science
CalzettiLOW-METALLICITY BLUE COMPACT DWARF GALAXIES; ULTRALUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXIES; SPITZER INFRARED SPECTROGRAPH; NEARBY GALAXIES
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Daniela Calzetti
The Spitzer spectrograph enables a view of dust-emitting regions of galaxies on scales small enough that the different stellar populations which heat that dust can also be located and identified.
2001-2007_5

 



Fast Moving Fronts : 2008 : March 2008 - Fast Moving Fronts