Archive ScienceWatch

 ScienceWatch

FAST MOVING FRONTS - 2008

May 2008

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of January 2002-December 31, 2007, and the previous period of November 2001-October 31, 2007 (sliding 6-year period).

Two Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Fast Moving Fronts from this period. They are:

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)
  

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
BurtPLANT ESSENTIAL OILS; BASIL ESSENTIAL OILS; EUCALYPTUS ESSENTIAL OILS; OREGANO ESSENTIAL OIL Antibacterial activity of essential oils and potential applications in foods.
The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Sara Burt
Biology &
Biochemistry
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: " LIPID RAFTS"
LIPID MEMBRANES CONTAINING CHOLESTEROL; LIPID RAFTS; LIPID MODEL SYSTEMS Lipid domains are high in cholesterol and sphingolipids, have a light buoyant density, and function in both endocytosis and cell signaling.
Chemistry MICROMACHINED DNA POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION CHIP; POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION AMPLIFICATION; CONTINUOUS-FLOW POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION; INTEGRATED PORTABLE GENETIC ANALYSIS MICROSYSTEM A cost-effective solution to direct sample-to-answer genetic analysis.
Clinical
Medicine
DEFINING POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME; METABOLIC SYNDROME; HYPERANDROGENIC SYNDROME Polycystic ovary syndrome is a syndrome of ovarian dysfunction along with the cardinal features hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary morphology.
Computer
Science
MesirovMICROARRAY GENE EXPRESSION DATA; GENE SET ENRICHMENT ANALYSIS; INTERPRETING GENOME-WIDE EXPRESSION PROFILES An analytical method called Gene Set Enrichment Analysis for interpreting gene expression data.
The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Jill Mesirov & Eric Lander
Economics &
Business
MacKinnonADDRESSING MODERATED MEDIATION HYPOTHESES; SIMPLE MEDIATION MODELS; TESTING MEDIATIONAL MODELS An intervening variable (mediator) transmits the effect of an independent variable to a dependent variable.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
David P. MacKinnon
Engineering Shchekin3 MU M INAS QUANTUM DOT LASER; 3 MU M INGAAS QUANTUM DOT LASERS; 3 MU M INAS/GAAS MULTILAYER QUANTUM-DOT LASER Data are presented on the influence of p-type modulation doping on the gain characteristics of InAs quantum dot lasers.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Oleg B. Shchekin
Environment/
Ecology
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: " ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES"
ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES; SEQUENTIAL COAGULATION-FLOCCULATION PLUS CHEMICAL OXIDATION PROCESS; CATALYTIC WET OXIDATION A comparison of available oxidation processes which are used to remove an important group of pollutants from water.
The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Santiago Esplugas
Geosciences ANTHROPOGENIC CO2; ANTHROPOGENIC OCEAN ACIDIFICATION; GLOBAL SEA-AIR CO2 FLUX; ENHANCED OPEN OCEAN STORAGE Climatological pCO2 show the importance of high-latitude northern and southern oceans as a sink for atmospheric CO2.
Immunology GanzENDOGENOUS ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES; MAMMALIAN DEFENSINS; INNATE IMMUNITY; MULTIFUNCTIONAL PEPTIDES Defensins are members of a large family of antimicrobial peptides, contributing to the antimicrobial action of granulocytes, mucosal host defence in the small intestine and epithelial host defence in the skin.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Tomas Ganz
Materials
Science
TuSN-AG-CU LEAD-FREE SOLDERS; SN-AG-CU LEAD-FREE SOLDERED JOINTS; LEAD-FREE SOLDER ALLOYS Due to the trend in miniaturization and the increase in functionality, the reliability of solder joints in microelectronic devices is of concern.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
King-Ning Tu
Mathematics PATTERN SEARCH FILTER METHOD; GLOBALLY CONVERGENT PRIMAL-DUAL INTERIOR-POINT FILTER METHOD; LARGE-SCALE NONLINEAR PROGRAMMING; LARGE-SCALE CONSTRAINED OPTIMIZATION Sequential quadratic programming methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions.
Microbiology HIV-1 FUSION INHIBITOR; SMALL-MOLECULE CCR5 CHEMOKINE RECEPTOR LIGANDS; BROAD-SPECTRUM ANTI-HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 ACTIVITY The addition of enfuvirtide to an optimized antiretroviral regimen provided significant antiretroviral and immunologic benefit in patients who had multidrug-resistant HIV-1 infection.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
AhringerCAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS GENOME; CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS FAT REGULATORY GENES; GENOME-WIDE RNAI ANALYSIS; IGF-1 RECEPTOR REGULATES LIFESPAN The function of most genes in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans were tested using a new genetic technique called RNAi.
The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Julie Ahringer
Multidisciplinary MARROW STROMAL OSTELOBLASTS; FLUID FLOW INCREASES MINERALIZED MATRIX DEPOSITION; BONE MARROW STROMAL CELLS CULTURED Flow perfusion culture permits the generation and study of a 3D, actively modeled, mineralized matrix, and can be a valuable tool for bone biology and tissue engineering.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
ORBITOFRONTAL CORTEX ENCODE ECONOMIC VALUE; PREFRONTAL CORTEX INCREASES UTILITARIAN MORAL JUDGEMENTS; PRIMATE FRONTAL CORTEX Specific histories of choice and reward lead to an internal representation of the "value" of possible actions at the neuronal level in the parietal cortex. .
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
FreyTARGETED DRUG DELIVERY; GENE DELIVERY SYSTEMS; NON-COVALENT DRUG INCLUSION COMPLEX; DENDRITIC POLYMERS Dendrimers can be of use for medical applications, for example, to obtain improved contrast agents for diagnostic purposes or to encapsulate drugs.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Holger Frey
Physics MULTIWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; VACANCY DEFECTS; QUANTIZED FRACTURE MECHANICS Bending experiments reveal the flexibility of nanotubes and support their use as reinforcement fibers in structural materials.
Plant &
Animal Science
ECOLOGICALLY SUCCESSFUL RIVER RESTORATION; STREAM RESTORATION TECHNIQUES; AQUATIC ORGANISMS Patterns of regional genetic differentiation may often reflect historical colonization of new habitats rather than contemporary gene flow.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
DickersonACUTE PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS; WORK STRESS; HPA AXIS RESPONSES; EFFORT-REWARD IMBALANCE MODEL Psychological stressors increased cortisol levels; however, effects varied widely depending whether tasks involved uncontrollable threats or social-evaluative elements.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Sally S. Dickerson & Margaret E. Kemeny
(from Sept. 2005)
Social Sciences,
general
CherlinMARITAL STATUS; GENDERED LIFE COURSE PERSPECTIVE; LATE-LIFE PARENTHOOD; SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS Marriage has undergone a process of deinstitutionalization, and a weakening of the social norms that define partners' behavior.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Andrew J. Cherlin
Space
Science
LONG GAMMA-RAY BURSTS; SWIFT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS; MEAN REDSHIFT; PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFT Long-duration gamma-ray bursts are associated with the most extremely massive stars and may be restricted to galaxies of limited chemical evolution.
2001-2007_6

 

 


Fast Moving Fronts : 2008 : May 2008 - Fast Moving Fronts