Archive ScienceWatch

 ScienceWatch

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of July 2002-June 30, 2008, and the previous period of May 2002-April 30, 2008 (sliding 6-year period).

Two Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Fast Moving Fronts from this period. They are:

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
OryHEALTH BEHAVIOR RESEARCH USING ITEM RESPONSE MODELING; HEALTH PROMOTION INTERVENTION TRIALS; BEHAVIOR CHANGE CONSORTIUM; HEALTH BEHAVIOR-CHANGE RESEARCH Evaluating the effectiveness of health related behavioral intervention programs and behavior change research.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Marcia Ory, Patricia Jordan & Terry Bazarre
Biology &
Biochemistry
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: " MAGNETIC QUANTUM DOTS"
CULTURED HUMAN LYMPHOCYTES; PERIPHERAL BLOOD LYMPHOCYTES; CYTOKINESIS-BLOCK MICRONUCLEUS CYTOME ASSAY; HUMAN BIOMONITORING Involvement of folate in colorectal neoplasia and role of polymorphisms suggesting the possibility of gene-gene interactions.
Chemistry ChenThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.IMAGING TUMOR VASCULATURE; PEPTIDE-LABELED NEAR-INFRARED QUANTUM DOTS; COLOR-TUNABLE MN-DOPED ZNSE NANOCRYSTAL EMITTERS; BIMODAL MOLECULAR IMAGING PROBE New perspectives for integrin-targeted near-infrared optical imaging.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Xiaoyuan Chen
Clinical
Medicine
SMALL-DIAMETER HIGH-VOLTAGE IMPLANTABLE CARDIOVERTER-DEFIBRILLATOR LEAD; DELAYED DEFIBRILLATOR LEAD PERFORATION; TRANSVENOUS DEFIBRILLATION LEAD DEFECTS The long-term reliability of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads has become an increasing concern.
Computer
Science
FT MASS SPECTROMETRY; PROTEIN LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY; LABEL-FREE PROTEIN QUANTIFICATION USING LC-COUPLED ION TRAP; QUANTITATIVE PROTEOMIC ANALYSIS A new method for quantifying proteomic and metabolomic profile data by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization.
Economics &
Business
MACROECONOMIC FORECASTING USING DIFFUSION INDEXES; FORECASTING USING PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS; GENERALIZED DYNAMIC FACTOR MODEL Forecasting a macroeconomic time series variable using a large number of predictors which are summarized using a small number of indexes constructed by principal component analysis.
Engineering QUANTIFYING SUBMARINE GROUNDWATER DISCHARGE; SUBMARINE GROUNDWATER DISCHARGE ESTIMATES; UBATUBA BRAZIL SGD ASSESSMENT INTERCOMPARISON New methods for studying the flow of water on continental margins from the seabed to the coastal ocean, regardless of fluid composition or driving force.
Environment/
Ecology
DerocherThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.ARCTIC MARINE MAMMALS; ARCTIC MARINE MAMMAL HEALTH; ARCTIC MARINE ENVIRONMENT; CLIMATE CHANGE As sea ice thins, polar bears will need to walk or swim more and thus use greater amounts of energy to maintain contact with their remaining preferred habitats.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Andrew E. Derocher
Geosciences PoorterThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.SEVERE TROPICAL CYCLONE LARRY; RAINFOREST HABITATS FOLLOWING CYCLONE LARRY; TROPICAL RAINFOREST TREE SPECIES; CYCLONE DAMAGE Light demand and adult tree stature affect wood properties, tree architecture and plant performance, contributing to the coexistence of rain forest species.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Lourens Poorter
Immunology ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUG RESISTANCE SURVEILLANCE; TRANSMITTED HIV DRUG RESISTANCE; WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION/HIVRESNET DRUG RESISTANCE LABORATORY STRATEGY Patients starting highly active antiretroviral therapy in resource-poor settings have increased mortality rates in the first months on therapy, compared with those in developed countries.
Materials
Science
CARBON DIOXIDE ADSORPTION ISOTHERMS; FLUOROUS METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS; DYNAMIC POROUS MAGNET EXHIBITING REVERSIBLE GUEST-INDUCED MAGNETIC BEHAVIOR MODULATION A breathing behavior is induced in aluminum 1,4-benzenedicaroxylate during CO2 adsorption.
Mathematics ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION THEORY; CAPACITATED VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM; HYBRIDIZING ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION; NEW BRANCH-AND-CUT ALGORITHM Ant colony optimization is a metaheuristic approach belonging to the class of model-based search algorithms.
Microbiology HUMAN CYTOMEGALOVIRUS-ENCODED MICRORNA REGULATES EXPRESSION; MICRORNA EXPRESSION; VIRALLY ENCODED RNA REGULATES MITOCHONDRIA-INDUCED CELL DEATH A micro-RNA-based immunoevasion mechanism appears to be exploited by human cytomegalovirus.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: "SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME"
SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME; POSTMORTEM LONG QT SYNDROME GENETIC TESTING; LONG-QT SYNDROME GENE VARIANTS; CONGENITAL LONG-QT SYNDROME A new mechanism is identified for cardiac arrhythmia due to abnormal coordination of multiple functionally related ion channels and transporters.
Multidisciplinary ZhouThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.EARLY CRETACEOUS TRIBOSPHENIC MAMMAL; EXCEPTIONALLY PRESERVED LOWER CRETACEOUS ECOSYSTEM; EARLY MAMMALS; EARLIEST KNOWN CROWN-GROUP SALAMANDERS Detailed soft-tissue preservation of the organisms from the Jehol Biota is providing palaeobiological insights that would not normally be accessible from the fossil record.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Zhonghe Zhou
Neuroscience &
Behavior
LogothetisBOLD FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SIGNAL; FRONTAL THETA EEG ACTIVITY; HEMODYNAMIC SIGNALS CORRELATE TIGHTLY; DEFAULT MODE NETWORK Functional magnetic resonance imaging has brought together a broad community of scientists interested in measuring the neural basis of the human mind.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Nikos K. Logothetis & Brian A. Wandell
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
 
SEROTONIN/GLUTAMATE RECEPTOR COMPLEX IDENTIFICATION; PSYCHOSIS IMPLICATION; METABOTROPIC GLUTAMATE RECEPTOR LIGANDS; GLUTAMATERGIC SYSTEM Period genes are involved in regulation of the circadian clock and are thought to modulate several brain functions.
Physics ULTRACOLD RYDBERG GAS MECHANICAL EFFECT; COHERENT COLLECTIVE RYDBERG EXCITATION; INTERACTING RYDBERG GAS; RYDBERG ATOMS Important steps towards using ultracold Rydberg atoms in quantum information processing.
Plant &
Animal Science
NiemiThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.GREAT LAKES COASTAL WETLANDS; DIATOM-BASED WATER QUALITY MODEL; GREAT LAKES WETLAND INDICATORS; NORTHERN GREAT LAKES MARSHES; US GREAT LAKES BASIN Use of ecological indicators requires clearly stated objectives: recognition of spatial and temporal scales, assessment of statistical variability, precision, accuracy, and coupling with economic and social indicators.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Gerald J. Niemi & Michael E. McDonald
Psychiatry/
Psychology
CONSCIOUSNESS; DISTINCT BRAIN PROCESSES; NEURAL CORRELATES; VISUAL ATTENTION A coherent scheme for explaining the neural correlates of visual consciousness in terms of competing cellular assemblies.
Social Sciences,
general
HughesNICOTINE REPLACEMENT THERAPY; FREE NICOTINE MEDICATION GIVEAWAY PROGRAMS; TOBACCO CESSATION QUITLINES; CONTACT QUITLINES Over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy is pharmacologically efficacious and produces modest quit rates similar to that seen in real world prescription practice.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
John R. Hughes
Space
Science
COMET 81P/WILD 2 NUCLEUS SAMPLE MINERALOGY-PETROLOGY; COMET 81P/WILD 2 SAMPLES COLLECTED; DEEP IMPACT EJECTA; EXCAVATING COMET TEMPEL 1 The spacecraft Deep Impact collided with comet Tempel 1, excavating a crater controlled by gravity.
2002-2008_3

  



Fast Moving Fronts : 2008 : November 2008 - Fast Moving Fronts