Archive ScienceWatch

 ScienceWatch

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of March 2002-April 30, 2008, and the previous period of January 2002-February 29, 2008 (sliding 6-year period).

Three Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Fast Moving Fronts from this period. They are:

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
SURFACE WATER DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON; TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON; SMALL HEADWATER CATCHMENTS; TOTAL ORGANIC NITROGEN; ELEVATED CARBON DIOXIDE LEVELS Concentrations of dissolved organic carbon appear far more sensitive to environmental drivers that affect net primary productivity than those affecting decomposition alone.
Biology &
Biochemistry
TASSER-BASED CASP7 PROTEIN STRUCTURE PREDICTION; CASP7 DOMAIN PREDICTION CATEGORY; CASP7 STRUCTURE PREDICTIONS; CASP7 FUNCTION PREDICTION CATEGORY Protein homology detection and sequence alignment are at the basis of protein structure prediction, function prediction and evolution.
Chemistry TAXANE-RESISTANT METASTATIC BREAST CANCER; PHASE II CLINICAL TRIAL; ADVANCED BREAST CANCER RESISTANT; EPOTHILONE B ANALOG Targeting the microtubules in metastatic breast cancer.
Clinical
Medicine
CELL CYCLE PROGRESSION; PI3K/AKT SIGNALLING PATHWAY; RAF/MEK/ERK SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION CASCADE; RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK PATHWAY Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinases signalling pathway components are frequently altered in human cancers.
Computer
Science
SYSTEMS BIOLOGY MARKUP LANGUAGE (SBML); SYSTEMS BIOLOGY TOOLBOX; QUANTITATIVE KINETIC MODELS; BIOCHEMICAL NETWORK MODELS; CELLULAR SYSTEMS A software-independent language for describing models common to research in many areas of computational biology.
Economics &
Business
ORGANIZATIONAL SENSEMAKING; PRACTICE PERSPECTIVE; GENERAL STRATEGY CONCEPTS; STRATEGY RESEARCH The significance of middle managers' lateral social interactions in shaping change in the absence of senior management.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Julia Balogun & Gerry Johnson
Engineering
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: " THERMAL ANALYSIS AND RAMAN SPECTROSCOPIC STUDY"
RAMAN SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS; CONTROLLED RATE THERMAL ANALYSIS; INFRARED EMISSION SPECTROSCOPIC STUDY; THERMAL TREATMENT Raman spectra of minerals that may be found in corroded metal artworks or artifacts.
Environment/
Ecology
WrightSTRONG TROPICAL LAND CARBON UPTAKE; ABOVEGROUND LIVE BIOMASS; TROPICAL FORESTS; GLOBAL CARBON BALANCE Ongoing anthropogenic change in tropical forests and how these forests might respond to increasing anthropogenic pressure.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
S. Joseph Wright
Geosciences BURNED AREA USING MODIS ACTIVE FIRE OBSERVATIONS; ENHANCED CONTEXTUAL FIRE DETECTION ALGORITHM; GLOBAL BIOMASS BURNING EMISSIONS; GLOBAL ESTIMATION The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer is described.
Immunology
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: "DENDRITIC CELLS"
HIGHLY ACTIVE ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY; POPULATION-LEVEL HIV DECLINES; HIV INFECTION; RURAL UGANDA Human immunodeficiency virus is preventable if populations are mobilized to avoid risk.
Materials
Science
ZhouSUPERHYDROPHOBIC PERPENDICULAR NANOPIN FILM; SUPERHYDROPHOBIC BIONIC SURFACES; TWO-DIMENSIONAL HIERARCHICAL POROUS SILICA FILM A water contact angle of about 178 degrees can be achieved using a lauric acid-coated film with an original contact angle of 75 degrees, which is classified as hydrophilicity.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Haoshen Zhou
Mathematics FLAT RADIAL BASIS FUNCTIONS; RADIAL BASIS FUNCTION BASED SOLUTION METHODS; MULTIQUADRIC INTERPOLANTS; MESHLESS COMPUTATION The radial basis function collocation method uses global shape functions to interpolate and collocate the approximate solution of partial differential equations.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Alexander H.D. Cheng
(Mar. 2008)
Microbiology BaumeisterCRYO-ELECTRON TOMOGRAPHY; EUKARYOTIC CELLS VISUALIZED; STRUCTURAL PROTEOMICS; HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS Electron tomography of vitrifed cells is a noninvasive three-dimensional imaging technique that opens up exploration of the supramolecular organization of the cytoplasm.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Wolfgang Baumeister
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
SchaefferDROSOPHILA GENOMES; DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER MODELS; DROSOPHILA PHYLOGENY; DROSOPHILA PSEUDOOBSCURA Comparative genome sequencing of Drosophila pseudoobscura.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Stephen W. Schaeffer
Multidisciplinary RNA INTERFERENCE DIRECTS INNATE IMMUNITY; SECONDARY SIRNAS; UNPRIMED RNA SYNTHESIS; SECONDARY EFFECTORS High-throughput pyrosequencing methods are applied to the discovery of small RNAs expressed in mixed-staged Caenorhabditis elegans.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
PROBDNF INDUCES NEURONAL APOPTOSIS; NEUROTROPHIN SIGNALING; P75 NEUROTROPHIN RECEPTOR; PRONGF-INDUCED NEURONAL CELL DEATH Neurotrophins are growth factors that play critical roles in the development, maintenance, and death of the nervous system.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
 
EXTRAPANCREATIC INCRETIN RECEPTORS MODULATE GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS; G PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS; ENERGY EXPENDITURE; BODY WEIGHT The biological actions of gut hormones regulating glucose homeostasis.
Physics
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: " GRAPHENE DOPING"
Sankar Das SarmaGRAPHENE ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES; HEAVILY DOPED GRAPHENE; TWO-DIMENSIONAL GRAPHENE; ELECTRON-DOPED GRAPHENE Intrinsic interband contributions to static graphene screening can be effectively absorbed in a background dielectric constant.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Sankar Das Sarma
Plant &
Animal Science
FernieCOMPREHENSIVE METABOLIC PROFILING; TOMATO YIELD USING INTERSPECIFIC INTROGRESSIONS; TRANSGENIC TOMATO PLANTS OVEREXPRESSING HEXOKINASE; WILD SPECIES TOMATO The influence of hexose phosphorylation diminishes during fruit development and highlights the importance of greater temporal resolution of metabolism.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Alisdir R. Fernie
Psychiatry/
Psychology
ADVERSE DRIVING OUTCOMES; ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; SAFE DRIVING BEHAVIOR; HYPERACTIVE CHILDREN An evidence-based overview of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Social Sciences,
general
AGENT-BASED COMPLEX SYSTEMS; LAND-COVER CHANGE; AGENT-BASED SPATIAL MODELS; MULTI-AGENT SYSTEMS; LAND-USE Systematic analysis of local-scale land-use change studies helps to uncover general principles that provide an explanation and prediction of new land-use changes.
Space
Science
DEEP IMPACT EJECTA SPITZER SPECTRAL OBSERVATIONS; COMET 81P/WILD 2 NUCLEUS SAMPLES; EXCAVATING COMET TEMPEL 1 Deep Impact collided with comet Tempel 1, excavating a crater controlled by gravity.
2002-2008_1

  

 


Fast Moving Fronts : 2008 : September 2008 - Fast Moving Fronts