Archive ScienceWatch

 ScienceWatch

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of September 31, 2002-August 31, 2008, and the previous period of July 2002-June 30, 2008 (sliding 6-year period).

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

"MULTILAYER GRAPHENE," from the field of Physics was selected for mapping as a Fast Moving Front as well as a Top Topic for this period. View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
CYCLODEXTRINS; FOOD INGREDIENTS; PHARMACEUTICAL APPLICATIONS; CYCLODEXTRIN-BASED PHARMACEUTICS Current cyclodextrin-based therapeutics.
Biology &
Biochemistry
APOPTOSOME INITIATOR CASPASE ACTIVATION PLATFORM; PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH; CELL SURVIVAL The signaling platform of cell death.
Chemistry Liz-MarzanThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.ULTRAFINE SINGLE-CRYSTALLINE GOLD NANOWIRE ARRAYS; SINGLE-CRYSTALLINE GOLD NANO-OCTAHEDRA; GOLD NANOPRISMS Controlled production of nanoparticles with highly regular geometry in a wide range of sizes.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Luis Liz-Marzan
Clinical
Medicine
GLOMERULAR NUMBER; BIRTH WEIGHT; NEPHRON NUMBER; PRIMARY HYPERTENSION A diminished number of nephrons is one of the factors contributing to the development of primary hypertension.
Computer
Science
CRISPR PROVIDES PROKARYOTE ACQUIRED VIRUS RESISTANCE; CRISPR-ENCODED RESISTANCE; RAPIDLY EVOLVING CRISPRS Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats are a distinctive feature of the genomes of most bacteria and archaea.
New Hot Paper Comment by:
Philippe Horvath
(July 2008)
Economics &
Business
MODIFIED ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT ACCOUNTING; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS The protection of natural capital, including its ability to renew or regenerate itself, represents a core aspect of sustainability.
Engineering TaylorNOVEL MRI COMPATIBLE MANIPULATOR; IMAGE GUIDED PROSTATE INTERVENTIONS; MRI/FMRI-COMPATIBLE ROBOTIC SYSTEM A broad overview of medical robot systems used in surgery.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Russell Taylor & Dan Stoianovici
Environment/
Ecology
MumbyMANGROVE DEVELOPMENT; MANGROVE DEVELOPMENT USING SEDIMENT CORES; WORLD'S MANGROVE FORESTS Mangrove forests are one of the world's most threatened tropical ecosystems.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Peter J. Mumby
Geosciences GillettASSESSING FIRE SEVERITY; DIFFERENCED NORMALIZED BURN RATIO; BOREAL FOREST FIRE; BOREAL FOREST ECOSYSTEMS Human-induced climate change has had a detectable influence on the areas burned by forest fires.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Nathan P. Gillett
Immunology HIV PREVENTION PROGRAMS; HIV USING DIAGNOSTIC RAPID TESTING; EXPANDED SCREENING Routine, voluntary screening for HIV once every three to five years is justified on both clinical and cost-effectiveness grounds.
Materials
Science
ItoThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET RESIST; CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED FULLERENE-DERIVATIVE MOLECUTAR ELECTRON-BEAM RESIST Polymers employed in formulation of chemically amplified resists for microlithography.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Hiroshi Ito
Mathematics HubertROBUST PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS; PROJECTION-PURSUIT APPROACH REVISITED; MATLAB LIBRARY The robust principal component analysis approach combines projection pursuit ideas with robust scatter matrix estimation.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Mia Hubert, Peter Rousseeuw, & Karlien Vanden Branden
Microbiology LIGNIN-DEGRADING BASIDIOMYCETE PHANEROCHAETE CHRYSOSPORIUM; HUMAN PATHOGEN CRYPTOCOCCUS NEOFORMANS The first whole-genome view of the important emerging fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
DROSOPHILA GENOMES USING EVOLUTIONARY SIGNATURES; DROSOPHILA PHYLOGENY; DROSOPHILA PSEUDOOBSCURA The comparative genome analysis of Drosophilia melanogaster and Drosophilia pseudoobscura.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Stephen W. Schaeffer
(Sept. 2008)
Multidisciplinary INSULIN-DEGRADING ENZYME REGULATES INSULIN-AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN-BETA-AMYLOID PRECURSOR PROTEIN; APP TRANSGENIC MICE PREVENTS PLAQUE FORMATION Insulin-degrading enzyme hypofunction may underlie or contribute to some forms of Alzheimer's disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
GAMMA-SECRETASE INHIBITOR LY-411575 CHRONIC TREATMENT INHIBITS BETA-AMYLOID PEPTIDE PRODUCTION; BETA-AMYLOID PRECURSOR PROTEIN TRANSGENIC MICE TREATED Gamma-secretase inhibitors might be of therapeutic benefit in colorectal neoplastic disease.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
PULMONARY DRUG DELIVERY; POLY(ETHYLENE GLYCOL) (PEG); PULMONARY ABSORPTION Polyethylene glycol as a reusable solvent medium for organic synthesis.
Physics
FEATURED FRONT
with corresponding map: "MULTILAYER GRAPHENE"
GRAPHENE THIN FILM GROWTH; MULTILAYER GRAPHENE; EPITAXIAL GRAPHENE; HOMOGENEOUS LARGE-TERRACE GRAPHENE SURFACES Ultra-thin graphene films can be grown on the silicon carbide surface via sublimation.
Plant &
Animal Science
SUBTROPICAL SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN; TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN; SOUTHEAST PACIFIC (BIOSOPE CRUISE) Phosphate addition to surface waters caused unexpected ecosystem responses.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
SCHIZOPHRENIA; PREDICTS POOR SOCIAL COMPETENCE; SOCIAL COGNITION; EMOTION RECOGNITION The study of social cognition in schizophrenia.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Amy Pinkham & David L. Penn
Social Sciences,
general
IRAQ WAR; SUCCESS BREEDS SUCCESS; WAR OUTCOMES; SECONDARY CASUALTY INFORMATION Beliefs about the likelihood of success matter most in determining the public’s willingness to tolerate U.S. military deaths in combat.
Space
Science
ACS VIRGO CLUSTER SURVEY; GLOBULAR CLUSTER SYSTEMS; EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES; THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE A detailed analysis of the morphology, isophotal parameters, and surface brightness profiles for 100 early-type members of the Virgo Cluster.
2002-2008_4

    



Fast Moving Fronts : 2009 : January 2009 - Fast Moving Fronts