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FAST MOVING FRONTS - 2009

July 2009  
 

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of January 2003-February 28, 2009, and the previous period of January 2003-December 31, 2008 (sliding 6-year period).

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
OPTICAL BIOSENSORS; ELECTROCHEMICAL GLUCOSE BIOSENSORS; OPTICAL CHEMICAL SENSORS Potential uses of biosensors for food microbiology.
Biology &
Biochemistry
PROTIST PARASITE ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA; DRAFT GENOME SEQUENCE; EARLY DIVERGING INTESTINAL PARASITE GIARDIA LAMBLIA; SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED PATHOGEN TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS Analysis of the genome for Entamoeba histolytica, an intestinal parasite and the causative agent of amoebiasis.
Chemistry Benjamin ListASYMMETRIC ORGANOCATALYSIS; ASYMMETRIC ENAMINE CATALYSIS; ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Asymmetric enamine catalysis is shown to be quite powerful for the generation and use of chiral, nonracemic carbanion equivalents.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Benjamin List
Clinical
Medicine
Martin Alexander SchwartzFLUID SHEAR STRESS BIOLOGY; VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL CELLS; ENDOTHELIAL PRIMARY CILIA Shear stress is a fundamental determinant of vascular homeostasis, regulating vascular remodelling, cardiac development and atherogenesis.
 Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Martin Alexander Schwartz
Computer
Science
Santiago SchnellBIOCHEMICAL NETWORK STOCHASTIC SIMULATOR (BIONETS); FIRST-ORDER REACTION NETWORKS; BIOCHEMICAL NETWORKS Stochastic modelling has emerged as a physically more realistic alternative for modelling in vivo reactions.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Santiago Schnell
Economics &
Business
MULTIPLE CRITERIA METHOD COPRAS; MULTI-ATTRIBUTE CONTRACTORS RANKING METHOD; MULTIPLE CRITERIA EVALUATION Multiple criteria decision making methods based on an aggregating function which originated in the compromise programming method.
Engineering LEAN BURN HYDROGEN ENRICHED NATURAL GAS ENGINE; LEAN BURN NATURAL GAS SPARK-IGNITION ENGINE; NATURAL GAS-HYDROGEN BLENDS A survey of research papers on utilization of natural gas-hydrogen mixtures in internal combustion engines.
Environment/
Ecology
MECHANISTIC URBAN ECOLOGY; URBAN EFFECTS; PLANT RICHNESS PATTERNS; URBAN GREEN SPACE Urban conservation should focus on promoting preservation and restoration of local indigenous species.
Emerging Research Comment by:
Serafim Opricovic & Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng
(Apr. 2009)
Geosciences YOUNGER DRYAS "BLACK MATS"; YOUNGER DRYAS COOLING; NORTH AMERICA; PRE-CLOVIS HUMAN COPROLITES The revised age range for Clovis overlaps the non-Clovis sites in North and South America, implying that humans already lived in the Americas before Clovis.
Immunology AIRE(+) MEDULLARY THYMIC EPITHELIAL CELLS; THYMIC REGULATORY T CELL DEVELOPMENT; FOXP3(+) REGULATORY T CELLS SPECIFIC; ORGAN-SPECIFIC T CELLS Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome characterized by a spectrum of organ-specific autoimmune diseases is a recessive Mendelian disorder resulting from mutations in a novel gene, AIRE.
Materials
Science
Takashi UemuraPRUSSIAN BLUE NANOPARTICLES; HIGH-CONTRAST ELECTROCHROMISM; LAYER-BY-LAYER-ASSEMBLED POLYANILINE/PRUSSIAN BLUE NANOCOMPOSITE THIN FILMS Prussian blue analogs are representative of coordination polymers and are important in the field of molecular magnets.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Takashi Uemura & Susumu Kitagawa
Mathematics LARGE SAMPLE COVARIANCE MATRICES; NONNULL COMPLEX SAMPLE COVARIANCE MATRICES; LARGE DIMENSIONAL SPIKED COVARIANCE MODEL; SAMPLE EIGENSTRUCTURE The study of DNA can now incorporate a sizable number of its base pairs.
Microbiology SOIL MICROBIAL DIVERSITY; HIGH-DENSITY UNIVERSAL 16S RRNA MICROARRAY ANALYSIS REVEALS BROADER DIVERSITY; CHRONIC WOUNDS USING PYROSEQUENCING; BACTERIAL DIVERSITY Bacterial communities of deep water masses of the North Atlantic and diffuse flow hydrothermal vents are more complex than previously reported for any microbial environment.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
BarkerThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.PTEN-DEFICIENT INTESTINAL STEM CELLS INITIATE INTESTINAL POLYPOSIS; MUTATED GASTRIC STEM CELLS; ADENOMA STEM CELL MARKER; NOVEL PUTATIVE GASTROINTESTINAL STEM CELL Leucine-rich G protein-coupled receptor 5 is a broad marker for adult stem cells in multiple adult tissues and cancers.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Nick Barker
Multidisciplinary BERINGIAN STEPPE BISON; BAYESIAN COALESCENT INFERENCE; PAST POPULATION DYNAMICS; MOLECULAR SEQUENCES; RELAXED PHYLOGENETICS A new approach to performing relaxed phylogenetic analysis.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
Dora M. KovacsALZHEIMER'S DISEASE; CHOLESTEROL CONNECTION; CHOLESTEROL METABOLISM; ABCA1 CONSIDERABLY DECREASES BRAIN APOE LEVEL; BRAIN AGING Recent findings concerning the molecular mechanisms underlying the cholesterol-Alzheimer's disease connection.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Dora M. Kovacs
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
Jianjun LiCAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS MASS SPECTROMETRY; CAPILLARY ELECTROMIGRATION METHODS; SENSITIVE CHIRAL ANALYSIS; FOOD ANALYSIS The coupling of capillary electrophoresis with mass spectrometry provides a powerful approach for rapid identification of target analytes present at trace levels in biological matrices.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Jianjun Li
Physics MULTI-GIGABIT COHERENT OPTICAL OFDM SYSTEMS; COHERENT OPTICAL ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING; OPTICAL FIBER SYSTEMS; COHERENT DETECTION Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing is proposed to combat dispersion in optical media.
Plant &
Animal Science
 Lawrence R. SchaefferFRENCH MARKER-ASSISTED SELECTION PROGRAM; APPLYING GENOME-WIDE SELECTION; DAIRY CATTLE; COMMERCIAL BREEDING PROGRAM Genome-wide selection may become a popular tool for genetic improvement in livestock.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Lawrence R. Schaeffer
Psychiatry/
Psychology
HEALTHY WEIGHT EATING DISORDER PREVENTION PROGRAMS; RUMINATION PREDICTS SUICIDAL IDEATION; RETHINKING RUMINATION; DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS Reflective pondering and brooding differentially relate to depression in terms of predictive ability and gender difference mediation.
Social Sciences,
general
Jörg RieskampOPPORTUNITY COSTS AFFECT STRATEGY SELECTION; DELIBERATE DECISION MAKING; RISKY DECISION; INTEGRATIVE MODEL Strategy selection learning theory predicts a strategy selection process on the basis of reinforcement learning.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Jörg Rieskamp
Space
Science
STAR FORMATION THEORY; INTERSTELLAR TURBULENCE OBSERVATIONS; SUPERSONIC TURBULENCE Observational and numerical work has begun to suggest that supersonic turbulent flows rather than static magnetic fields control star formation.
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Fast Moving Fronts : 2009 : July 2009 - Fast Moving Fronts