Archive ScienceWatch

 ScienceWatch

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of November 30, 2002-October 31, 2008, and the previous period of September 31, 2002-August 31, 2008 (sliding 6-year period).

Two Research Fronts were selected for mapping from the list of Fast Moving Fronts from this period. They are:

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
RELATIVE ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY; FOOD LEGUMES; GREEN VEGETABLES Antioxidant effects of selected food legumes.
Biology &
Biochemistry
KaputThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.FAVORABLE SERUM LDL CHOLESTEROL; LOW SERUM HDL CHOLESTEROL; GLUCOSE PREDICT TYPE 2 DIABETES OCCURRENCE Dietary unbalance can alter gene-nutrient interactions that increase the risk of chronic disease.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Jim Kaput
Chemistry
Research Front Map:
"HYDROGEN ADSORPTION AND STORAGE"
ENHANCED HYDROGEN STORAGE CAPACITY; HIGH SURFACE AREA ZEOLITE-LIKE CARBON MATERIALS; MOLECULAR HYDROGEN BINDING AFFINITIES Hydrogen adsorption in different carbonaceous materials.
Clinical
Medicine
MartinINTERNATIONAL SEPSIS DEFINITIONS CONFERENCE; SEVERE SEPSIS; EUROPEAN INTENSIVE CARE UNITS; FRENCH INTENSIVE CARE UNITS Gram-positive bacteria and fungal organisms are common causes of sepsis.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Greg S. Martin
Computer
Science
INTERNAL MULTIBAND MOBILE PHONE ANTENNA; INTERNAL COMPACT DUAL-BAND PRINTED LOOP ANTENNA; PRINTED MONOPOLE SLOT ANTENNA A novel printed dual-band double-T monopole antenna is proposed.
Economics &
Business
WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT META-ANALYTIC REVIEW; WORK DEMANDS; FAMILY SATISFACTION; WORK-TO-FAMILY CONFLICT Research studies on the topic of work-family issues.
Engineering EPA'S PARTICULATE MATTER SUPERSITES PROGRAM; ATMOSPHERIC FINE PARTICULATE MATTER; PARTICULATE MATTER MASS Quantification and source apportionment of organic aerosols.
Environment/
Ecology
EbyBROMINATED FLAME RETARDANT CONCENTRATIONS; DETAILED POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHER (PBDE) CONGENER COMPOSITION Brominated flame retardants in samples from the European environment.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Lillian T. Eby
Geosciences FowlerREGIONAL CLIMATE MODEL PROJECTIONS; REGIONAL CLIMATE SIMULATIONS; EUROPEAN CLIMATE The changing magnitude of major flood events in both the UK and Europe over the last decade.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Hayley J. Fowler & Marie Ekström
Immunology MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS; ANTITUBERCULOSIS DRUG RESISTANCE; SOUTH AFRICA; ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS DRUG RESISTANCE SURVEILLANCE The global number of incident cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
Materials
Science
ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC SPRAYING; HIGH-RESOLUTION ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC JET PRINTING; CALCIUM PHOSPHATE COATINGS; NANOHYDROXYAPATITE PATTERNS DEPOSITED New promising techniques for depositing hydroxyapatite and calcium phosphate coatings on medical devices.
Mathematics ChenMIXED MULTISCALE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; ELLIPTIC PROBLEMS; COUPLED LOCAL-GLOBAL UPSCALING APPROACH; LOCALLY CONSERVATIVE SUBGRID UPSCALING A new technique for generating coarse scale models of highly heterogeneous subsurface formations.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Yuguang Chen & Louis J. Durlofsky
Microbiology WEST NILE VIRUS; INNATE ANTIVIRAL RESPONSE; RIG-I HELICASE; MDA5 SIGNALING Differential and redundant roles for retinoic acid-inducible gene I and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 in pathogen recognition and innate immune signaling.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
TymianskiThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.TRPV6 CALCIUM CHANNEL GENE; RENAL MG2+ ABSORPTION; MG2+ INFLUX CHANNEL; CALCIUM ABSORPTION Research defines transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 7, as an important protein which triggers anoxic death in cultured neurons.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Michael Tymianski
Multidisciplinary STAUDINGER LIGATION CHEMICAL BIOLOGY; CHEMICAL REMODELLING; IDENTIFYING O-GLCNAC-MODIFIED PROTEINS Staudinger ligation can be executed in living animals, enabling the chemical modification of cells within their native environment.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING; COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT; LATE-ONSET ALZHEIMER'S DEMENTIA; PRECLINICAL ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE Carriers of a common Alzheimer's susceptibility gene have functional brain abnormalities in young adulthood, several decades before the possible onset of dementia.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
HALLUCINOGENS RECRUIT SPECIFIC CORTICAL 5-HT2A RECEPTOR-MEDIATED SIGNALING PATHWAYS AFFECTING BEHAVIOR; GLUTAMATE RECEPTOR AGONISTS LY 354740; SEROTONIN/GLUTAMATE RECEPTOR COMPLEX Data establishes glutamate as a link between dysfunction of the circadian clock gene Per2 and enhanced alcohol intake.
Physics HanNEUTRINO MASS GENERATION; DOUBLY CHARGED HIGGS; NEUTRINO MASS CONSTRAINTS; TYPE-II SEESAW MODEL The pair production of doubly charged Higgs bosons at the Large Hadron Collider.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Tao Han, Biswarup Mukhopadhyaya, Kai Wang & Zongguo Si
Plant &
Animal Science
QuatranoThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.MOSS PHYSCOMITRELLA PATENS; LAND PLANTS; PHYSCOMITRELLA GENOME REVEALS EVOLUTIONARY INSIGHTS The complete genome of the moss Physcomitrella patens.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Ralph S. Quatrano
Psychiatry/
Psychology
Research Front Map:
"OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER"
OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER; OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE HOARDING; OCD COLLABORATIVE GENETICS STUDY The development of a revised version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory.
Social Sciences,
general
TEENAGE BEGINNING DRIVERS; ADOLESCENT DRIVING RISKS; IMPROVE ADOLESCENT MOTOR-VEHICLE SAFETY Determining patterns of risk among teenage drivers.
Space Science The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND POWER SPECTRUM; COSMIC BACKGROUND IMAGER; EXTENDED MOSAIC OBSERVATIONS; CMB TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY The first measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation with the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Chao-Lin Kuo
2002-2008_5

        



Fast Moving Fronts : 2009 : March 2009 - Fast Moving Fronts