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FAST MOVING FRONTS - 2009

May 2009  
 

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of January 31, 2003-December 31, 2008, and the previous period of November 30, 2002-October 31, 2008 (sliding 6-year period).

One Research Front was selected for mapping from the list of Fast Moving Fronts from this period. They are:

This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

View a list of only Fast Moving Front Maps, or all Research Front Maps (site-wide)

Field Research Front Name Description
Agricultural
Sciences
Research Front Map:
"BIODIESEL PRODUCTION"
(Aug. 2008)
BIODIESEL FUEL PROPERTIES; ANALYZING BIODIESEL; BIODIESEL CONTENT; MIERAL DIESEL FUEL; FATTY ACID ALKYL ESTERS The properties of individual fatty esters which comprise biodiesel determine the overall properties of biodiesel fuel.
Biology &
Biochemistry
CATION-SELECTIVE TIGHT JUNCTION COMPLEX; TIGHT JUNCTION COMPONENTS; CLASSIC CLAUDINS Adherens junctions and Tight junctions comprise two modes of cell–cell adhesion that provide different functions.
Chemistry EFFICIENT DOMINO SYNTHESIS; HIGHLY FUNCTIONALIZED INDOLES; ONE-POT MULTICOMPONENT SYNTHESIS; HIGHLY SELECTIVE TANDEM CROSS-COUPLING Various aspects of palladium catalysis applied to the preparation of fine chemicals and pharmaceutical products.
Clinical
Medicine
FREE FATTY ACIDS REGULATE INSULIN SECRETION; FREE FATTY ACIDS REGULATE GUT INCRETIN GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE-1 SECRETION; FATTY ACID SIGNALING; INSULIN SECRETION IN-VIVO Free fatty acids provide an important energy source as nutrients, also acting as signalling molecules in various cellular processes, including insulin secretion.
Computer
Science
Research Front Map:
"DNA AND RNA SEQUENCING"
ARABIDOPSIS GENOME REVEALS DNA METHYLATION PATTERNING; SHORT DNA SEQUENCES USING SSAKE; DNA METHYLATION PROFILING Using an immunocapturing approach followed by DNA microarray analysis to generate methylation profiles of all human chromosomes.
Economics &
Business
BarsadeCHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP PROCESS; SOCIAL IDENTITY PERSPECTIVE; GROUP PERFORMANCE; MOOD CONTAGION Theoretical implications and practical ramifications of emotional contagion within groups and organizations.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Sigal Barsade
Engineering MuradovThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.CO2-FREE HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; METHANE DECOMPOSITION; MICROWAVE-ASSISTED CATALYTIC DECOMPOSITION; HYDROGEN ECONOMY Technological, environmental and economical aspects of large-scale production of hydrogen and carbon by the catalytic dissociation of natural gas.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Nazim Muradov
Environment/
Ecology
STABLE ISOTOPE FRACTIONATION ANALYSIS; ISOTOPE RATIO MONITORING LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY/MASS SPECTROMETRY; HYDROGEN ISOTOPE FRACTIONATION Laboratory and field studies assessing biodegradation of contaminants in aquifers using stable isotope analysis.
Geosciences SUSPENDED SEDIMENT FLUXES; RECENT SEDIMENT TRANSPORT; DENSE WATER CASCADING; TET INNER SHELF; NW MEDITERRANEAN The role of southward-flowing bottom-hugging shelf currents in causing the redistribution of sediment along the Adriatic inner shelf.
Immunology INTERLEUKINS 27-6 INDUCE INTERLEUKIN 10 STAT3-MEDIATED T CELL PRODUCTION; GENERATING INTERLEUKIN 10-PRODUCING ANTI-INFLAMMATORY T CELLS Findings suggest that full acquisition of pathogenic function by effector T-H-17 cells is mediated by IL- 23 rather than by TGF-beta and IL-6.
Materials
Science
YoshiLITHIUM ION BATTERIES; HIGH-CAPACITY LITHIUM STORAGE; MESOPOROUS CO3O4 NANOWIRE ARRAYS; LITHIUM-ION BATTERY ELECTRODES; NEEDLELIKE CO3O4 NANOTUBES Further improvement of lithium ion batteries requires the development of second generation cathode and anode materials with higher capacity.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Masaki Yoshio
Mathematics BLOCH TYPE SPACES; WEIGHTED COMPOSITION OPERATORS; BERGMAN TYPE SPACES Boundedness and compactness of composition operators followed by multiplication as operators between Bloch-type spaces of analytic functions on the unit disk..
Microbiology LadischLEADING BIOMASS PRETREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES; NONCOMPLEXED CELLULASE SYSTEMS; LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS Cellulosic plant material represents an untapped source of fermentable sugars for significant industrial use.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Michael R. Ladisch
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
MICRORNA EXPRESSION; MICRORNA MIR-124 PROMOTES NEURONAL DIFFERENTIATION; SPORADIC ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE; MICRORNA FEEDBACK CIRCUIT The expression of numerous miRNAs is cell- and tissue-specific, which strongly suggests that miRNAs may modulate lineage differentiation of cells from different origins.
Multidisciplinary HUMAN MICROBIOME PROJECT; GUT MICROBES; EVOLUTIONARY PERSPECTIVE; HUMAN-MICROBE MUTUALISM Understanding the microbial components of the human genetic and metabolic landscape and how they contribute to normal physiology and predisposition to disease.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
CallawayDROSOPHILA CIRCADIAN CONTROL CIRCUIT ORGANIZATION; DROSOPHILA CIRCADIAN CLOCK; LIGHT ACTIVATES OUTPUT; MORNING NEURONS Genetic analysis promises to reveal the logic of the neural circuits in complex brains that guide behaviors.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Edward M. Callaway
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
MOUSE ARYLAMINE N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE 2 (NAT2) EXPRESSION; HUMAN N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE TYPE 1 Results suggest that cholesterol metabolism is central to M. tuberculosis's unusual ability to survive in macrophages.
Physics NOX STORAGE/REDUCTION CATALYSTS; IDENTIFYING SURFACE SPECIES; MODEL CATALYSTS; SURFACE REACTION; NOX ADSORPTION Nitrogen oxide(s) storage/reduction catalysts have been developed as an aftertreatment technology to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions from lean-burn power sources.
Plant &
Animal Science
GRAPEVINE GENOME SEQUENCE; ANCESTRAL HEXAPLOIDIZATION; TRANSGENIC TROPICAL FRUIT TREE PAPAYA; MINING SEGMENTAL GENOME DUPLICATIONS Genomic variants represent a rich reservoir of molecular resources useful in biotechnological applications, development of alternative energy sources, and mitigation of anthropogenic environmental problems.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
 
PRIMARY CARE PATIENTS' SHARED DECISION-MAKING INTERVENTION; SHARED TREATMENT DECISION-MAKING APPROACH; PATIENT ACTIVATION MEASURE (PAM) Factors which influence patients' preference for involvement in medical decision making.
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Richard Thomson
Social Sciences,
general
ChanRESTRUCTURING BEIJING'S SOCIAL SPACE; REMAPPING CHINA'S REGIONAL INEQUALITIES; CHINA'S CITIES; REGIONAL INEQUALITY Which of China’s cities is the largest, how large is its population, and which city has the highest per capita GDP?
Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Kam Wing Chan
Space Science HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY EMISSION; COSMOLOGICAL GAMMA-RAY PROPAGATION; NEW LIGHT SPIN-ZERO BOSON; EXTRAGALACTIC BACKGROUND LIGHT Intergalactic space is more transparent to gamma-rays than previously thought.
2002-2008_6

           



Fast Moving Fronts : 2009 : May 2009 - Fast Moving Fronts