Archive ScienceWatch

 ScienceWatch

FAST MOVING FRONTS - 2010

January 2010

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of September 2003-August 31, 2009, and the previous period of July 2003-June 30, 2009 (sliding 6-year period).

Research Front Maps may be selected from the current Research Front set that are relevant to the core papers of the chosen field. View them at the site-wide listing of all Research Front Maps (sorted by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
INDUSTRIALLY COMPOUNDED AQUAFEEDS; AQUACULTURE FEEDS; FISH OIL; FISH MEAL The use of probiotics for prevention of bacterial diseases in aquaculture.
Biology &
Biochemistry
BIOCONJUGATED QUANTUM DOTS; FLUORESCENT LABELING; ORGANIC PROBES; ORGANIC DYES; SINGLE-PHOTON IMAGE SENSOR The biological application of nanoparticles is a rapidly developing area of nanotechnology that raises new possibilities in the diagnosis and treatment of human cancers.
Chemistry The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.BENZOHYDRAZIDE MONOHYDRATE

Emerging Research Comment by:
Hoong-Kun Fun

Hydrazones have been demonstrated to possess anti-microbial and other useful medicinal activities.
Clinical
Medicine
WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY; BETA-CATENIN-INDEPENDENT WNT SIGNALING; WNT SIGNALLING Perturbations in Wnt signaling promote both human degenerative diseases and cancer.
Computer
Science
VISUALLY EXPLORING BIOLOGICAL NETWORKS; EXPLORING BIOLOGICAL PATHWAYS; SYSTEMS BIOLOGY TOOLBOX Simulation and modeling are becoming a standard approach to understand complex biochemical processes.
Economics &
Business
LABOR REGULATION; FIRM SIZE; ENTRY REGULATION; EMPLOYMENT LAWS; INDIA'S RETAIL STORES The regulation of labor markets through employment, collective relations, and social security laws in various countries.
Engineering Ulrich S. SchubertSELF-ALIGNED INKJET PRINTING; CONDUCTING POLYMER INKJET DROPLETS; LUMINESCENT CDTE NANOCRYSTAL-POLYMER COMPOSITES

Emerging Research Comment by:
Ulrich S. Schubert

Inkjet printing is considered to be a key technology in the field of defined polymer deposition.
Environment/
Ecology
SOIL INVERTEBRATES; ECOSYSTEM ENGINEERING; BENTHIC COMMUNITY-MEDIATED SEDIMENT DYNAMICS; ESTUARINE TIDAL MUDFLAT Bioturbation, the biological reworking of soils and sediments, had a key role in the evolution of metazoan life at the end of the Precambrian Era.
Geosciences MIPAS LEVEL 2 OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS; MIPAS-ENVISAT OPERATIONAL OZONE DATA; GROUND-BASED FTIR MEASUREMENTS; CLIMATE RESEARCH The Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding instrument has been operating on-board the ENVISAT satellite since March 2002.
Immunology Kate FitzgeraldThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.INFLAMMASOME CASPASE-1 ACTIVATION PLATFORM REGULATING IMMUNE RESPONSES-DISEASE PATHOGENESIS; INNATE IMMUNE RECOGNITION; ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSES

Emerging Research Comment by:
Kate Fitzgerald

The innate immune system senses nucleic acids by germline-encoded pattern recognition receptors.
Materials
Science
STIMULI-RESPONSIVE POLYMER GELS; DRUG DELIVERY; CONTROLLED INSULIN DELIVERY; FUNCTIONALIZED INJECTABLE HYDROGELS

Doo Sung Lee Emerging Research Comment by:
Doo Sung Lee

The recent development of injectable stimuli-sensitive hydrogels for drug-delivery applications.
Mathematics PSEUDO-ALMOST AUTOMORPHIC MILD SOLUTIONS; NEUTRAL PARTIAL FUNCTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; PSEUDO-ALMOST AUTOMORPHIC FUNCTIONS New results concerning the composition of pseudo almost automorphic functions.
Microbiology XYLOSE-FERMENTING SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE STRAIN; RECOMBINANT XYLOSE-UTILIZING SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE The new technologies required and the advances achieved in recent years to bring lignocellulosic ethanol towards industrial production.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
HUMAN COLON CANCER METHYLOME; MASSIVELY PARALLEL TARGETED SEQUENCING; IMMUNOPRECIPITATION-BASED DNA METHYLOME ANALYSIS

Jay Shendure Emerging Research Comment by:
Jay Shendure

New methods for multiplex amplification of complex subsets of the human genome extend the utility of next-generation DNA sequencing platforms.
Multidisciplinary HUMAN DIFFUSE LARGE B CELL LYMPHOMA; LARGE-SCALE RNAI SCREEN; LOSS-OF-FUNCTION RNA INTERFERENCE SCREEN RNA interference is a powerful tool with which to perform loss-of-function genetic screens in lower organisms and can greatly facilitate the identification of components of cellular signaling pathways.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
MENTAL DISORDERS; ALCOHOL USE DISORDERS; FINNISH GENERAL POPULATION; GERMAN HEALTH INTERVIEW Epidemiological data on a wide range of mental disorders from community studies conducted in European countries.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
MEDICINAL PLANTS USED; BRAZIL; SITUATION-OF HERBAL MEDICINES REGISTER A survey of the species of plants and their medicinal uses for therapeutic purposes in the Northeast region of Brazil.
Physics AIR FLUORESCENCE YIELD MEASURED; AIR FLUORESCENCE INDUCED; ABSOLUTE FLUORESCENCE YIELD MEASUREMENT The construction and operation of a prototype system for collecting information about cosmic rays above 10(18) eV.
Plant &
Animal Science
Elias Fereres.The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.FAO AQUACROP MODEL; SIMULATE YIELD RESPONSE; WATER DEFICIENT FIELD MAIZE; REDUCING AGRICULTURAL WATER USE

Emerging Research Comment by:
Elias Fereres

Deficit irrigation is an important tool to achieve the goal of reducing irrigation water use.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
TIME PERCEPTION; NEURAL REPRESENTATION; NEURAL MECHANISMS; INTERVAL TIMING Evidence that the brain represents time in a distributed manner and tells time by detecting the coincidental activation of different neural populations.
Social Sciences,
general
COGNITIVE LOAD THEORY; EXTRANEOUS COGNITIVE LOAD; GERMANE COGNITIVE LOAD; INTRINSIC COGNITIVE LOAD

Emerging Research Comment by:
Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer

(Aug. 2009)

Recent developments in cognitive load theory relating to the view in instructional design that real-life tasks should be the driving force for complex learning.
Space
Science
FERMI GAMMA-RAY SPACE TELESCOPE MISSION; FERMI/LARGE AREA TELESCOPE BRIGHT GAMMA-RAY SOURCE LIST; COSMIC-RAY PROPAGATION

Emerging Research Comment by:
Andrew W. Strong, Igor Moshalenko, & Olaf Reimer

(Oct. 2009)

Secondary positrons and electrons make an essential contribution to Galactic diffuse gamma-ray emission.
2003-2009_5

      



Fast Moving Fronts : 2010 : January 2010 - Fast Moving Fronts