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FAST MOVING FRONTS - 2010

March 2010

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of November 2003-October 31, 2009, and the previous period of September 2003-August 31, 2009 (sliding 6-year period).

Research Front Maps may be selected from the current Research Front set that are relevant to the core papers of the chosen field. View them at the site-wide listing of all Research Front Maps (sorted by field).

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
MEAT YIELD FOLLOWING POST-WEANING GROWTH; ALTERNATE GROWTH PATH; FEEDLOT GROWTH; PREWEANING GROWTH The effect of postweaning growth and sire carcass type on liveweight and carcass traits.
Biology &
Biochemistry
CORTICAL INTERNEURONS; CORTICAL INTERNEURONE STRUCTURE SPACE; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; NEOCORTICAL INHIBITORY SYSTEM The organizing principles that govern the diversity of inhibitory interneurons and their circuits.
Chemistry
Research Front Map: "GOLD CATALYSIS"
GOLD-CATALYZED INTRAMOLECULAR CYCLOADDITION; NEW FISCHER-TYPE GOLD(I) ALKENYL CARBENE COMPLEXES; PLATINUM-CATALYZED INTRAMOLECULAR CYCLOADDITION The cyclizations of enynes substituted at the alkyne gives products of formal [4+2] cyclization with Au(I) catalysts.
Clinical
Medicine
Sunil V. RaoACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES (ATLAS ACS-TIMI 46); ORAL ANTIPLATELET DRUGS; ANTIPLATELET DRUGS RESISTANCE

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Sunil V. Rao

In patients with heart disease, blood transfusion may not be a benign treatment.
Computer
Science
ACCURATE COMPLEX PERMITTIVITY METHOD; NON-DISPERSIVE LOW-LOSS MATERIALS; THIN DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; LIQUID MATERIALS Fast and accurate complex permittivity determination of lossy materials using amplitude-only reflection and transmission scattering parameter measurements.
Economics &
Business
EARLY INTERNATIONALIZING FIRMS; FIRM SURVIVAL; EARLY INTERNATIONALIZATION; BORN-GLOBAL FIRM Born-global firms leverage a distinctive mix of orientations and strategies that allow them to succeed in diverse international markets.
Engineering ENZYME CATALYSED BIOFUEL CELLS; MULTI-COPPER OXICLASE-ADSORBED CARBON AEROGEL ELECTRODES; INTEGRATED ENZYME-BASED BIOFUEL CELLS The application of electrochemical techniques in probing the reactions of hydrogenase enzymes.
Environment/
Ecology
Ole SeehausenThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.HETEROGENEOUS GENOMIC DIVERGENCE; ADAPTIVE DIVERGENCE; HYBRIDIZING PLANT SPECIES; POPULATION GENOMIC ANALYSIS; CICHLID FISHES

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Ole Seehausen

Divergent selection on sensory systems can cause speciation through sensory drive.
Geosciences WESTERN ARCTIC OCEAN; LATE QUATERNARY ICE SHEET HISTORY; ARCTIC ALASKAN MARGIN The maximum limits of the Eurasian ice sheets during four glaciations have been reconstructed.
Immunology Kenneth SöderhällINSECT INNATE IMMUNITY; INSECT CELLULAR IMMUNE RESPONSE; ASSOCIATED CYTOTOXIC REACTIONS; INVERTEBRATE ANIMALS

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Kenneth Söderhäl

A major innate defense system in invertebrates is the melanization of pathogens and damaged tissues.
Materials
Science
Younan XiaThe author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.SHAPE-CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS; PLATINUM METAL CATALYSTS; METAL NANOCRYSTALS; ELECTROCHEMICALLY SHAPE-CONTROLLED NANOPARTICLES

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Younan Xia

An intellectual framework for the synthesis of metal nanocrystals with well-controlled shapes.
Mathematics GENERAL COUPLED SYLVESTER MATRIX EQUATIONS; ITERATIVE SOLUTIONS; HIERARCHICAL GRADIENT-BASED IDENTIFICATION Use of a hierarchical identification principle to study identification problems for multivariable discrete-time systems.
Microbiology BACTERIAL QUORUM SENSING; LASR BACTERIAL QUORUM-SENSING RECEPTOR; HOMOSERINE LACTONE QUORUM-SENSING SIGNALS; POTASSIUM LEAKAGE

Guido Zacchi Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Guido Zacchi

Bacteria are highly interactive and employ a range of quorum sensing systems for promoting collective behavior within a population.
Paul Williams Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Paul Williams
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
Ayalew TefferiFREQUENT TET2 MUTATIONS; JAK2(V617F)-POSITIVE MYELOPROLIFERATIVE NEOPLASMS; CLINICAL CORRELATES; PREDISPOSING MUTATIONS

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Ayalew Tefferi

TET2 mutations are previously undescribed novel mutations whose clinical and pathogenetic relevance is actively being investigated.
Multidisciplinary ARABIDOPSIS DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA-BINDING PROTEIN HYL1; PLANT MICRORNA BIOGENESIS; HYL1/DRB-FAMILY DSRNA-BINDING PROTEINS; METHYLATION PROTECTS MIRNAS Methylation on the base or the ribose is prevalent in eukaryotic ribosomal RNAs and is thought to be crucial for ribosome biogenesis and function.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
NOVEL CANNABINOID RECEPTOR; ORPHAN RECEPTOR GPR55; LIPID G PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTOR LIGAND IDENTIFICATION USING BETA-ARRESTIN PATHHUNTER (TM) ASSAY The endocannabinoid system functions through two well characterized receptor systems, the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
BREAST CANCER RESISTANCE PROTEIN BCRP (ABCG2) CONCENTRATES DRUGS; BREAST CANCER RESISTANCE PROTEIN (ABCG2); MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE; PROTEIN EXPRESSION Breast cancer resistance protein and drug resistance in human cancers.
Physics Tao HanHEAVY DIRAC NEUTRINO SIGNALS; NEUTRINO MASS CONSTRAINTS; NEUTRINO MASS GENERATION; CERN LHC; NEUTRINO OSCILLATIONS

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Tao Han & Bin Zhang

The Majorana nature of neutrinos may only be experimentally verified via lepton-number violating processes involving charged leptons.
Plant &
Animal Science
DEVELOPMENTAL PROGRAMMING; NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMING; MATERNAL 'JUNK FOOD' DIET; DIET-INDUCED OBESITY The influence of the maternal nutritional and hormonal environment in pregnancy in permanently programming appetite and energy expenditure.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
SOCIAL SCIENCE EXPLANATION; SOCIAL CONTEXT; SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS MODIFIES HERITABILITY; POWER-CONTROL THEORY In impoverished families, 60% of the variance in IQ is accounted for by the shared environment, and the contribution of genes is close to zero; in affluent families, the result is almost exactly the reverse.
Social Sciences,
general
CHILDHOOD PHYSICAL ABUSE; LONG-TERM PHYSICAL; LARGE POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE; MENTAL HEALTH CONSEQUENCES Childhood maltreatment has been linked to a variety of changes in brain structure and function and stress-responsive neurobiological systems.
Space
Science
DARK MATTER HALOES; LAMBDA CDM HALO CONCENTRATIONS; LAMBDA CDM PREDICTIONS; SHAPE; SPIN

Emerging Research Front Comment by: Joel R. Primack
(Oct. 2007)

The mass and redshift dependence of dark matter halo shapes is studied using six high-resolution dissipationless simulations with a varying box size in a flat Lambda cold dark matter universe.
2003-2009_5

     

 


Fast Moving Fronts : 2010 : March 2010 - Fast Moving Fronts