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 ScienceWatch

FAST MOVING FRONTS - 2010

May 2010

From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of January 2004-December 31, 2009, and the previous period of November 2003-October 31, 2009 (sliding 6-year period).

Research Front Maps may be selected from the current Research Front set that are relevant to the core papers of the chosen field. View them at the site-wide listing of all Research Front Maps (sorted by field.

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field

Research Front Name

Description

Agricultural
Sciences
Steven SollottCITRUS LIMONOIDS Apoptosis; RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY; ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY; MITOCHONDRIAL ROS-INDUCED ROS RELEASE; HUMAN NEUROBLASTOMA CELLS

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Steven Sollott & Dmitry Zorov

Reactive oxygen species release could be relevant to programmed mitochondrial destruction and cell death.
Biology &
Biochemistry
Gregory M ColeAMYLOID BETA OLIGOMERS; AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN ASSEMBLY; AMYLOID FIBRIL FORMATION; AMYLOID BETA OLIGOMERIZATION

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Gregory M Cole

Low dose curcumin effectively disaggregates amyloid beta as well as prevents fibril and oligomer formation, supporting the rationale for curcumin use in clinical trials preventing or treating Alzheimer's disease.
Chemistry Robert G. BergmanC-H BOND ACTIVATION; N-HETEROCYCLE C-H ACTIVATION; DIRECT C-2 SELECTIVE ALKENYLATION; PALLADIUM-CATALYZED C-H FUNCTIONALIZATION

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Robert G. Bergman & Jonathan A. Ellman

The potential use of carbon-hydrogen functionalization in the production of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.
Clinical
Medicine
PRIMARY PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION IMPROVES MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION; ACUTE ST-SEGMENT-ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION Thrombus aspiration is applicable in a large majority of patients with myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation.
Computer
Science
IDENTIFYING GENE REGULATORY NETWORKS; HIGH THROUGHPUT GENE EXPRESSION DATA USING CONTINUOUS THREE-WAY MUTUAL INFORMATION; TIME COURSE GENE EXPRESSION PROFILES; APPLYING DYNAMIC BAYESIAN NETWORKS Network inference algorithms are powerful computational tools for identifying putative causal interactions among variables from observational data..
Economics &
Business
Rebecca AngelesSUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT; RFID RESEARCH; OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT RESEARCH; RETAIL SUPPLY CHAIN

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Rebecca Angeles

RFID technologies hold the promise of closing some of the information gaps in the supply chain.
Engineering The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.AUTOMOTIVE FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS; MICRO FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS; INTEGRATED METHANOL FUEL PROCESSOR USING MICRO-CHANNEL PATTERNED DEVICES; PORTABLE FUEL CELLS

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Ashish V. Pattekar & Mayuresh V. Kothare

A miniaturized hydrogen production chemical-plant-on-a-chip for micro fuel cell applications.
Environment/
Ecology
John SaboLITTER DECOMPOSITION INTERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; DECOMPOSITION DYNAMICS; MIXED-SPECIES LEAF LITTER; FORESTED ECOSYSTEMS

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
John Sabo

Inclusion of detrital heterogeneity in models of food web dynamics is an essential new direction for ecological research.
Geosciences GLOBAL ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS; PRESENT-DAY CLIMATE FORCING; SOOT CLIMATE FORCING; TRANSPORT SECTORS; MODELLED RADIATIVE FORCING Anthropogenic greenhouse gases have been the main cause of recent global warming and will be the predominant climate forcing in the future.
Immunology Vijay K. KuchrooHUMAN INTERLEUKIN 17-PRODUCING T HELPER MEMORY CELLS; INTERLEUKIN 17-PRODUCING CD4(+) EFFECTOR T CELLS DEVELOP

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Vijay K. Kuchroo

A dichotomy in the generation of pathogenic T cells that induce autoimmunity and regulatory T cells that inhibit autoimmune tissue injury.
Materials
Science
NOVEL RED PHOSPHOR; WARM-WHITE-LIGHT EMITTING DIODE UTILIZING; MN2+ PHOSPHOR; SOLID-STATE LIGHTING Novel red phosphors materials for solid-state lighting could find applications for white lighting devices utilizing GaN-based excitation in the near UV. .
Mathematics GENERAL COUPLED SYLVESTER MATRIX EQUATIONS; GENERAL COUPLED MATRIX EQUATIONS; QUATERNION MATRIX EQUATIONS Use of a hierarchical identification principle to study identification problems for multivariable discrete-time systems.
Microbiology BURULI ULCER LESIONS; MYCOBACTERIUM ULCERANS; MYCOBACTERIUM ULCERANS-INFECTED TISSUES; HIGHLY ORGANIZED LYMPHOID STRUCTURES Isolation of Mycobacterium ulcerans in pure culture from the environment supports the concept that the agent of Buruli ulcer is a human pathogen with an environmental niche.
Molecular Biology
& Genetics
HUMAN TYPE 1 DIABETES GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION LOCI; CHILDHOOD TYPE 1 DIABETES; RECENT-ONSET TYPE 1 DIABETIC PATIENTS; 40 LOCI AFFECT RISK Evidence that enterovirus can infect beta cells in patients with type 1 diabetes and that infection is associated with inflammation and functional impairment.
Multidisciplinary Eli Sutter & Peter W. SutterUNIFORM GRAPHENE FILMS; FEW-LAYER GRAPHENE FILMS; SINGLE-CRYSTALLINE GRAPHENE MONOLAYER FORMED; PERIODICALLY RIPPLED GRAPHENE; EPITAXIAL GRAPHENE

The author(s) have sent in images corresponding to their work.

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Eli Sutter & Peter W. Sutter

Graphene has been used to explore the electronic properties of ideal two-dimensional carbon, and shows great promise for quantum device architectures.
Neuroscience &
Behavior
Ronald C. KesslerADULT ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD); WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION ADULT ADHD SELF-REPORT SCALE (ASRS)

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Ron Kessler

Efforts are needed to increase the detection and treatment of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Pharmacology &
Toxicology
ARYL HYDROCARBON RECEPTOR; T(H)17-CELL-MEDIATED AUTOIMMUNITY; SUGGESTED PHYSIOLOGIC ARYL HYDROCARBON RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR; TH17 CELL DIFFERENTIATION Regulatory T cells expressing the transcription factor Foxp3 control the autoreactive components of the immune system.
Physics ULTRAFAST FLASH THERMAL CONDUCTANCE; NEGATIVE DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL RESISTANCE; QUANTUM THERMAL TRANSPORT; SOLID-STATE THERMAL RECTIFIER Thermal rectifiers have implications for diverse thermal management problems, ranging from nanoscale calorimeters to energy-saving buildings.
Plant &
Animal Science
ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA POLLEN TUBES; POLLEN TUBE ATTRACTANTS SECRETED; POLLEN TUBE RECEPTION; POLLEN DEVELOPMENT Female control of pollen tube reception is based on a FER-dependent signaling pathway, which may play a role in reproductive isolation barriers.
Psychiatry/
Psychology
MoffittGENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERDEPENDENCE RESILIENCE CONCEPTS; GENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERPLAY; GENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS

Fast Moving Front Comment by:
Terrie Moffitt & Avshalom Caspi

Opportunities and challenges in the collaboration between psychiatry, epidemiology and neuroscience in studying gene-environment interactions.
Social Sciences,
general
DIVERSITY SOCIAL COHESION; SOCIAL TRUST; BRITISH MUSLIM SELF-SEGREGATION; BRITISH NEIGHBOURHOODS Successful immigrant societies have created new, cross-cutting forms of social solidarity and more encompassing identities.
Space
Science
LENTICULAR GALAXIES; SAURON PROJECT; INTEGRAL-FIELD ABSORPTION-LINE KINEMATICS; INTEGRAL-FIELD EMISSION-LINE KINEMATICS Correlations between the dynamical mass-to-light ratio and other global observables of elliptical and lenticular galaxies.
2003-2009_6

         

 


Fast Moving Fronts : 2010 : May 2010 - Fast Moving Fronts