Fast Moving Fronts> September 2010

September 2010

A colony of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa from the Mingulay Reef Complex west of Scotland. Lophelia pertusa is the most widespread reef framework-forming cold-water coral producing elaborate deep-sea coral reefs and coral carbonate mounds. Image courtesy of JM Roberts.


From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM from Clarivate Analytics, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of May 2004-April 30, 2010, and the previous period of March 2004-February 28, 2010 (sliding 6-year period).

As part of this bimonthly processing, Special Topics identifies the Research Fronts that are growing most rapidly in each of the 22 major fields covered by Essential Science Indicators. Fast Moving Fronts are those having the largest percentage increase in number of core papers from one period to the next in their respective fields. Some fronts may have been mapped. This symbol indicates that the author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.



Field Research Front Name
Agricultural Sciences Claude P. Champagne PROBIOTIC CULTURES; FUNCTIONAL CULTURES; PROBIOTIC CELLS; MICROENCAPSULATION
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Claude P. Champagne
Biology & Biochemistry CELL SURFACE MECHANICS; CELL SHAPE; MECHANICAL SIGNALS TRIGGER MYOSIN II REDISTRIBUTION; TENSILE FORCES GOVERN GERM-LAYER ORGANIZATION
Chemistry Dan Brett INTERMEDIATE TEMPERATURE SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; SOLID OXIDE ELECTROLYTE CERAMICS; SELECTED OXIDE ELECTROLYTES
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Dan Brett
Clinical Medicine ULTRASOUND GUIDANCE IMPROVES SUCCESS RATE; MULTIPLE INJECTION AXILLARY BRACHIAL PLEXUS BLOCK; ULTRASOUND-GUIDED REGIONAL ANESTHESIA; NERVE STIMULATION GUIDANCE
Computer Science GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS; IDENTIFYING UNAPPROVED GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS; GENETICALLY MODIFIED (GM) FOOD INGREDIENTS; GMO DETECTION METHODS
Economics & Business Carmen M. Reinhart MARKET LIQUIDITY-FUNDING LIQUIDITY; FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET ARBITRAGE; CREDIT CRUNCH 2007-2008; FINANCIAL CRISES
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Carmen M. Reinhart
Engineering HIGHER ORDER RATIONAL DIFFERENCE EQUATION; (K+1)TH ORDER DIFFERENCE EQUATION; LINEAR DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS MOD 2; NONLINEAR DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS
Environment/ Ecology Robert J. Letcher NON-POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHER FLAME RETARDANTS; POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS (PBDES); E-WASTE RECYCLING REGION; GREAT LAKES HERRING GULLS
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Robert J. Letcher
Geosciences J. Murray Roberts SANTA MARIA DI LEUCA COLD WATER CORAL PROVINCE (NORTHERN IONIAN SEA-APULIAN CONTINENTAL SLOPE); "SANTA MARIA DI LEUCA" COLD-WATER CORAL MOUNDS; DEEP-WATER SML CORAL PROVINCE (MEDITERRANEAN)
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
J. Murray Roberts
Immunology Richard A. O'Connor IL-17-PRODUCING HUMAN PERIPHERAL REGULATORY T CELL SUPPRESSIVE FUNCTION RETENTION; HUMAN T HELPER 17 CELLS; HUMAN CD25(HIGH)FOXP3(POS) REGULATORY T CELLS
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Richard A. O'Connor
Materials & Science ACID MILD STEEL CORROSION; EFFECTIVE ACID CORROSION INHIBITOR; HYDROCHLORIC ACID CORROSION; EFFECTIVE CORROSION INHIBITOR
Mathematics Weihai Zhang NONLINEAR TIME-DELAY STOCHASTIC SYSTEMS; DISCRETE NONLINEAR STOCHASTIC SYSTEMS; NONLINEAR H-INFINITY FILTERING; UNCERTAIN STOCHASTIC TIME-DELAY SYSTEMS
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Weihai Zhang
Microbiology GENETIC ASSOCIATION; HLA GENES; ANRS GENOME WIDE ASSOCIATION; WHOLE-GENOME ASSOCIATION; DISTINCT GENETIC LOCI CONTROL PLASMA HIV-RNA
Molecular Biology & Genetics EMBRYONIC STEM CELL SELF-RENEWAL; HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS; PLURIPOTENT EPIBLAST STEM CELLS; GROUND STATE PLURIPOTENCY; NEW CELL LINES
Multidisciplinary REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES; HIGH-THROUGHPUT GENE KNOCKOUT PROCEDURE; HIGHLY EFFICIENT GENE REPLACEMENTS; IMPROVED GENE TARGETING
Neuroscience & Behavior Ilya Bezprozvanny & Mark P. Mattson NEURONAL CALCIUM MISHANDLING; BETA PLAQUES; ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE; CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS IN-VIVO; INTERCELLULAR CALCIUM WAVES
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Ilya Bezprozvanny & Mark P. Mattson
Pharmacology & Toxicology Andre Nel CELLULAR MEMBRANES; RED BLOOD CELLS VISUALIZED; INDUCE CELLULAR TOXICITY; MANUFACTURED NANOPARTICLES; CULTURED CELLS
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Andre Nel
Physics Cristobal Viedma SINGLE SOLID CHIRAL STATE; COMPLETE CHIRAL PURITY INDUCED; RACEMIC AMINO ACID DERIVATIVE; PROTEINOGENIC AMINO ACID; AMINO ACID CATALYSIS
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Cristobal Viedma
(Commentary added in Jan. 2011.)
Plant & Animal Science Bridget Stuchbury DNA PHOTOLYASE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE-MECHANISM; CPD-LIKE DNA LESION; WIND ENERGY FACILITIES; EARTH'S MAGNETIC FIELD
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Bridget Stuchbury
Psychiatry/ Psychology COGNITIVE CONTROL NETWORK TRIANGULATION DIFFUSION-WEIGHTED MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)-FUNCTIONAL MRI METHOD; STOP SIGNAL RESPONSE INHIBITION; MONKEY MEDIAL FRONTAL CORTEX
Social Sciences, general K. Michael Cummings NATIONAL TOBACCO CESSATION COLLABORATIVE'S CONSUMER DEMAND; TOBACCO CESSATION QUITLINES; EVIDENCE-BASED CESSATION TREATMENT; PILOT SMOKING-CESSATION MEDIA CAMPAIGN
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
K. Michael Cummings
Space Science Xiaohui Fan LOW LUMINOSITY Z SIMILAR; HUBBLE ULTRA DEEP FIELD; SUB-L* Z SIMILAR; SUBARU DEEP FIELD PROJECT; DEEP HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE ACS FIELDS
Fast Moving Front Commentary by:
Xiaohui Fan
(2004-2010_2)
 
 

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Featured Image

A colony of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa from the Mingulay Reef Complex west of Scotland. Lophelia pertusa is the most widespread reef framework-forming cold-water coral producing elaborate deep-sea coral reefs and coral carbonate mounds. Image courtesy of JM Roberts. From the Emerging Research Front commentary: J. Murray Roberts Discusses Cold-Water Coral Ecosystems.