Fast Moving Fronts> January 2011

Year 2011

An artistic view showing an Earth gravity field model obtained by the GRACE spacecraft, the two LAGEOS satellites (the two spheres covered with retro-reflectors below in the figure) and the GRACE spacecraft (the two polar spacecraft above in the figure). This image gives also an artistic view of the gravitomagnetic spacetime distortion due to the Earth rotation predicted by General Relativity (the red twisted curves) and measured using the two LAGEOS satellites.From the database of Essential Science IndicatorsSM from Clarivate Analytics, this list of Fast Moving Fronts has been generated by a comparison of the data sets for the current period of September 2004-August 31, 2010, and the previous period of July 2004-June 30, 2010 (sliding 6-year period).

As part of this bimonthly processing, Special Topics identifies the Research Fronts that are growing most rapidly in each of the 22 major fields covered by Essential Science Indicators. Fast Moving Fronts are those having the largest percentage increase in number of core papers from one period to the next in their respective fields. Some author(s) of the comments below have also sent along accompanying images/descriptions of their work.

Field Research Front Name
Agricultural Sciences HUMAN CANCER CELL ANTI PROLIFERATIVE PROPERTIES; BERRY FRUITS; CANCER MORTALITY; CANCER PREVENTION; HEALTH-PROMOTING PROPERTIES
Biology & Biochemistry SRC FAMILY KINASES; RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASES; SRC-FAMILY KINASES; T-CELL DEVELOPMENT; HUMAN CANCER
Chemistry STABLE HEAVIER CARBENE ANALOGUES; N-HETEROCYCLIC CARBENE STABILIZED DIGERMANIUM(0); CARBENE STABILIZATION; LEWIS BASE STABILIZED DICHLOROSILYLENE; STABLE SILICON(0) COMPOUND
Clinical Medicine AMYLOID-BETA OVERPRODUCTION CAUSES ABNORMAL MITOCHONDRIAL DYNAMICS; ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE; CYCLOPHILIN D DEFICIENCY ATTENUATES MITOCHONDRIAL; MITOCHONDRIAL FISSION/FUSION PROTEINS; MITOCHONDRIAL DYSFUNCTION
Computer Science Paola Gramatica PREDICTIVE QSAR MODELING WORKFLOW; QSAR MODELS VALIDATION; MODEL APPLICABILITY DOMAINS; STATISTICAL EXTERNAL VALIDATION; VIRTUAL SCREENING
Fast Moving Front Commentary: "Paola Gramatica on Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship Models."
Economics & Business Gazi Mahabubul Alam REGULATORY CONTROL; PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION; AGRICULTURE EDUCATION; TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION; BANGLADESH; BUSINESS MARKETING APPROACH
Fast Moving Front Commentary: "Gazi Mahabubul Alam Discusses a Study on Private HE in Bangladesh."
Engineering INTERMEDIATE TEMPERATURE SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; SOLID OXIDE ELECTROLYTE CERAMICS; SELECTED OXIDE ELECTROLYTES; 0<= X<=1.0) CERAMICS; BRIEF REVIEW
Environment/ Ecology HUMAN BLOOD SAMPLES; RELATED FLUOROCHEMICALS; PERFLUOROOCTANESULFONATE; POOLED SERUM SAMPLES; UNITED STATES RESIDENTS
Geosciences AQUEOUS SOLUTION AGRICULTURAL RESIDUE RICE POLISH METHOD ARSENIC BIOSORPTION; ARSENIC ADSORPTION; AQUEOUS MEDIUM USING CHITOSAN-COATED BIOSORBENT; ARSENIC REMOVAL; WATER USING GRANULAR FERRIC HYDROXIDE
Immunology INSECT IMMUNITY; EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY PERSPECTIVE; INSECT PROPHENOLOXIDASE ACTIVATION PATHWAY; INSECT IMMUNE DEFENSES; INVERTEBRATE IMMUNITY
Materials & Science SURFACTANT-STABILIZED SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBE QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION DISPERSION QUALITY; SURFACE-MODIFIED CARBON NANOTUBES; SOLUBLE CARBON NANOTUBES; PRISTINE SINGLE-WALLED NANOTUBES; INDIVIDUAL NANOTUBES
Mathematics Rob Stevenson DISCONTINUOUS GALERKIN FINITE ELEMENT METHODS; DISCONTINUOUS GALERKIN FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATION; ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT METHODS; STANDARD ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; DISCONTINUOUS GALERKIN METHODS
Fast Moving Front Commentary: "Rob Stevenson on the Adaptive Finite Element Method."
Microbiology MONODOMAIN HUMAN APOBEC3 CYTIDINE DEAMINASE-APOBEC3G RECOMBINANT NATURE HBV DNA GENETIC EDITING; HUMAN CELLS; HUMAN TRIM GENE EXPRESSION; DEFINING APOBEC3 EXPRESSION PATTERNS; APOBEC3G-DEPLETED RESTING CD4(+) T CELLS REMAIN REFRACTORY
Molecular Biology & Genetics John A.T. Young & Sumit Chanda HUMAN DENGUE VIRUS HOST FACTORS; GENOME-WIDE RNAI SCREEN HUMAN HOST FACTORS CRUCIAL; HEPATITIS C VIRUS REPLICATION; INFLUENZA VIRUS REPLICATION; DROSOPHILA RNAI SCREEN IDENTIFIES HOST GENES IMPORTANT
Fast Moving Front Commentary: "John A.T. Young & Sumit Chanda on HIV Replication in Human Cells."
Multidisciplinary Ignazio Ciufolini GGMO2 GRACE IMPROVED EARTH GRAVITY FIELD MODEL; EARTH GRAVITY FIELD MODEL COMPLETE; GENERAL RELATIVISTIC PREDICTION; LENSE-THIRRING EFFECT
Fast Moving Front Commentary: "Ignazio Ciufolini on the First Accurate Test and Direct Measurement of Gravitomagnetism."
Neuroscience & Behavior AMYLOID-BETA OVERPRODUCTION ABNORMAL MITOCHONDRIAL DYNAMICS MITOCHONDRIAL FISSION/FUSION PROTEIN DIFFERENTIAL MODULATION CAUSAL LINKAGE; ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE; CYCLOPHILIN D DEFICIENCY ATTENUATES MITOCHONDRIAL; MITOCHONDRIAL DYSFUNCTION
Pharmacology & Toxicology SLCO1B1 (OATP1B1) GENE POLYMORPHISMS; SLCO1B1 POLYMORPHISMS; ANTIRETROVIRAL AGENT LOPINAVIR COFORMULATED; LOPINAVIR PLASMA CONCENTRATIONS; HIV PROTEASE INHIBITORS
Physics CURVED PLASMA CHANNEL GENERATION ULTRAINTENSE AIRY BEAMS; ACCELERATING FINITE ENERGY AIRY BEAMS; ACCELERATING AIRY BEAMS; NONLINEAR GENERATION; VERSATILE LINEAR LIGHT BULLETS
Plant & Animal Science FORMULATING FUNGAL ENTOMOPATHOGENS; CONSERVATION BIOLOGICAL CONTROL USING FUNGAL ENTOMOPATHOGENS; ENDOPHYTIC FUNGAL ENTOMOPATHOGENS; FUNGAL PATHOGENS; CLASSICAL BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS
Psychiatry/
Psychology
John M. Hettema GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER; MAJOR DEPRESSION; NEUROTICISM; PERSONALITY; DEPRESSION
Fast Moving Front Commentary: "John M. Hettema Discusses Psychiatric Genetics Research."
Social Sciences, general MAJOR TRAUMATIC LIMB LOSS; MULTIPLE TRAUMATIC LIMB LOSS; MAJOR LIMB LOSS; VIETNAM VETERANS; OIF/OEF SERVICEMEMBERS
Space Science GALAXY VERY-METAL-POOR STARS DISCOVERY-ANALYSIS; FIRST STARS; NUCLEOSYNTHETIC SIGNATURES
(2004-2010_4)
 
 

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An artistic view showing an Earth gravity field model obtained by the GRACE spacecraft, the two LAGEOS satellites. An image from a Fast Moving Front (Multidisciplinary) commentary titled: "Ignazio Ciufolini on the First Accurate Test and Direct Measurement of Gravitomagnetism."