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FEATURED INTERVIEWS

April 2010

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured interviews for April 2010 are listed below. To view featured interviews from past months/years, visit the Featured Interviews Main Menu.

Interviews and Features for April 2010:

Bartolome Celli on Prognostic Indicators for COPD; Special Topic of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Excerpt from the interview: "The way therapies were being measured 20 years ago is by how well they would bronchodilate patients, how well they would improve lung function. And we began to realize that many other things impacted outcome independent of how affected lung function may be. We began a series of studies around 1990 about the value..."
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Ignacio Cirac on Quantum Information Theory and Building Quantum Computers; Special Topic of Quantum Computers

Ignacio Cirac

Excerpt from the interview: "I have been basically working on two different topics related to quantum information. One is related to this paper, further developing the theory of quantum information. The other is thinking about physical systems and how to build quantum computers from them. During the last year..."
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Josef Coresh on the Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease; Featured Paper

Josef Coresh

Excerpt from the interview: "I was working in heart diseases in the 1980s, when Paul Whelton made me aware that the epidemiology of kidney disease was really just beginning. I started getting involved in that in the early 1990s, and it turns out there were really fundamental things that had to be done. By 2002, I was the vice-chairman of a working group..."
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Lars Hedin on Forests and Nutrient Cycling; Featured Scientist

Lars Hedin

Excerpt from the interview: "Nitrogen is the key nutrient that controls the machinery of photosynthesis. That's why you use fertilizer. Nitrogen is in the fertilizer. It allows the photosynthetic machinery to be built. Nitrogen cycles in natural ecosystems; it goes from the plant to the soil and back up to the plant. It can be plentiful or it can be..."
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Tadashi Kokubo & Hiroaki Takadama on SBF in Predicting in Vivo Bone Bioactivity; Emerging Research Front

Tadashi Kokubo

Excerpt from the interview: "This paper describes how useful a simulated body fluid (SBF) is in predicting the bone-bonding ability of a material. The principal property required for bone substitutes is a bone-bonding ability. Most of the scientists working in the field of biomaterials for bone substitutes are interested primarily in the bone-bonding ability of the..."
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Jeng-Leun Mau, Chieh-No Chang, Shih-Jeng Huang, & Chin-Chu Chen on Antioxidant Properties in Three Tasty Mycelia;  Emerging Research Front

Jeng-Leun Mau

Excerpt from the interview: "Our paper describes the valuable antioxidant properties of three tasty mycelia and examines the implication that hundreds of other mushrooms—including fruiting bodies and mycelia—may possess better antioxidant properties than these three mycelia, especially some which are regarded as medicinal mushrooms..."
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Map of Science: Nanoscience

Top: Photograph of dispersions of gold nanodecahedra with different particle sizes (increasing from left to right). Bottom: TEM images of decahedral Au nanoparticles prepared by seeded growth in DMF, using different amounts of Au seed solution.

Excerpt from the interview: "This map of Nanoscience is based on research-front data for the six-year period ending in December 31, 2009. The map shows the major component areas of the field linked together in a network based on the same principles as our research-front maps showing highly cited papers. To create a field map, we first identify all..."
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National Rankings in Social Sciences, general; 1999-December 31, 2009; Country Feature

Women devotees pray after taking a holy dip in the Sangam, the confluence of three rivers, the Ganges, the Yamuna and the Saraswati during the Hindu festival of Sheetala Ashtami in the northern Indian city of Allahabad June 16, 2009.

This month from ScienceWatch.com, we have listed our ranking in Social Sciences, general by total citations. The data were extracted from the Essential Science IndicatorsSM database from Clarivate Analytics. This database, currently covering the period January 1999 through December 31, 2009, surveys only journal articles (original research reports and review articles) indexed by Thomson Reuters.
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Martin A. Nowak on the Evolution of Cooperation; Podcast

Martin A. Nowak

Excerpt from the interview: "Martin A. Nowak is Professor of Biology and of Mathematics at Harvard University and Director of Harvard's Program for Evolutionary Dynamics. He is the author of a Current Classics paper in the field of Multidisciplinary for Feb. 2010: “Five rules for the evolution of cooperation,” Science 314(5805), 1560-63, DEC 8 2006..."
Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA

Obesity: A Growing International Problem; Special Topic

Assess Your Weight - The first step is to determine whether or not your current weight is healthy. BMI – Body Mass Index is one way to measure your weight. Image from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Overweight and Obesity."

The World Health Organization estimates that by the year 2015, 2.3 billion adults worldwide will be overweight, and 700 million will be obese. In 2001, Special Topics examined the literature on obesity from 1991-2000. This month, we revisit the topic, analyzing the literature from the most recent decade and the past two years, and a Research Front Map: "Gut Microbial Ecology and Obesity."
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Obesity Research, the Top 20 Institutions; Institutional Feature

Harvard University

This month, ScienceWatch.com presents a listing of the top 20 institutions which, according to our Special Topic on Obesity, attracted the highest total citations to their papers published on the topic in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals.
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The Editors of the Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology on the Journal's Success; Featured Journal Interview

Excerpt from the interview: "It is a great honor for the journal to be given a high citation record. The purpose of JPST is to be the worldwide international publication forum for scientists and engineers in the field of photopolymer science and technology. The editors believe that the high citation record proves the support from the photopolymer community..."
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Heidi Terrio on Deployment-Acquired Traumatic Brain Injury; Fast Breaking Paper

Heidi Terrio

Excerpt from the interview: "This paper is a descriptive study on deployment-acquired traumatic brain injury (TBI). A TBI is most simply described as an injury event that results in an alteration or loss of consciousness. Data was: 1) obtained from one Brigade Combat Team (BCT); 2) included the percentage of soldiers with history of clinician confirmed TBI..."
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David J. Thompson, Jean Ballet, Isabelle Grenier, & Seth Digel Discuss the Fermi Large Area Telescope; Fast Breaking Paper

David J. Thompson

Excerpt from the interview: "The Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is providing the first new look at the high-energy gamma-ray sky in more than a decade and with unprecedented sensitivity. Because gamma rays are the most energetic form of light, they can only be produced in processes that involve large transfers of energy..."
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Yohisnori Tokura Dreams of New Technologies for a Sustainable Society; Featured Scientist

Excerpt from the interview: "I always say that perhaps the correlated electron materials represent an important area of science we need to realize our dreams. Of course, our dreams are not to know the ultimate nature of the universe or such a big thing as that, but we are trying to obtain very surprising or unconventional functions or electronic functions..."
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Arthur Ouwehand Discusses His Highly Cited Work in Probiotics; Special Topic of Probiotics

Arthur Ouwehand

Excerpt from the interview: "Originally, I trained as a secondary school teacher in biology and chemistry. Although I liked teaching, I soon realized that teaching teenagers was not my calling. Also, unlike my fellow biology teachers, I was not particularly interested in birds and plants, etc. I was more interested in biochemistry, molecular..."
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