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FEATURED INTERVIEWS

August 2009

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured interviews for August 2009 are listed below. To view featured interviews from past months/years, visit the Featured Interviews Main Menu.

Interviews and Features for August 2009:

Clifton Barry Discusses His Highly Cited Tuberculosis Research - Special Topic of Tuberculosis

Clifton E. Barry, III

Excerpt from the interview: "Isoniazid is one of the most important TB drugs. Of the 7.8 million people who get diagnosed with TB, virtually all of them will receive isoniazid. It's a hugely important drug. We had no effort in our lab in that drug. It was an area I was only peripherally interested in. I had read a lot of stuff on it, when a paper that predated ours came out in Science..."
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UC Berkeley's Joshua Bloom on Gamma-Ray Bursts - Special Topic of Gamma-ray Bursts

Joshua Bloom

Excerpt from the interview: "In the summer of 1994, I went to work with Ed Fenimore at Los Alamos National Laboratory for my first research project. With astronomy, and with Dr. Fenimore in particular, it's very easy for a young person to catch the research bug: it's a wonderfully vast physical science that we know so little about, and Ed made the challenge of..."
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Bisphenol A (BPA) - Lasting Materials, Lasting Effects: What Price Durability? - Special Topic

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic compound that is widely used in the plastics industry. Although it has been suspected of being hazardous to human health since the 1930s, only recently have serious inquiries into its safety been conducted. This month, Special Topics examines the literature on BPA over the past decade and over the past two years.
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The CDC's Antonia Calafat on Human Exposure to Bisphenol A - Special Topic of Bisphenol A (BPA)

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

Excerpt from the interview: "This manuscript reported the first data on human exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) in the United States. Specifically, our data were the first to confirm that exposure to BPA occurs among a diverse non-occupationally exposed group of US adults. Biomonitoring (i.e., measurement of environmental..."
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David Cardwell on Superconducting Materials with Industrial Applications - Special Topic of High-Temperature Superconductors

David Cardwell

Excerpt from the interview: "I was an undergraduate at the University of Warwick, located in the heart of England. My bachelor degree is in physics, and I remained at Warwick for a Ph.D., on the topic of inelastic gamma-ray scattering (nothing to do with superconductivity!). After that, in 1986, I joined one of the UK’s few remaining industrial laboratories..."
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Marcus S. Cooke: "A Synthesis of Knowledge" - Emerging Research Front

Marcus S. Cooke

Excerpt from the interview: "I think the paper is highly cited as it is a very comprehensive review that covers three important, interrelated areas concerning oxidatively damaged DNA. These are (i) mechanisms of formation; I was very happy that Miral Dizdaroglu agreed to become a co-author, and he provided the expertise for this section; (ii) effects of..."
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Mark Cooper  - Special Topic of Diabetes

Mark Cooper

Excerpt from the interview: "I'm an endocrinologist by training, and I've been interested in diabetes and kidney disease since the early 1980s. Then in the late 1980s, several groups suggested that diabetic kidney disease was not only related to high glucose, but also that there may actually be a hemodynamic pathway within the kidney, the..."
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Map of Science: Geosciences

This map of Geosciences is based on research-front data for the six-year period ending in February 2009. The map shows the major fields of chemistry linked together in a network based on the same principles as our research-front maps showing highly cited papers. Each circle on the map represents a group, or cluster, of research fronts on a broad topic within the main field.
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Randy Jirtle on Transposable Elements in Epigenetics - Special Topic of Epigenetics

Randy Jirtle

Excerpt from the interview: "Both animal experiments and human epidemiological studies demonstrate that maternal nutritional privation during pregnancy is adversely associated with an offspring’s susceptibility to diseases and neurological disorders after birth. Our 2003 Molecular and Cellular Biology paper provided the first experimental..."
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Anne Kahru on Aquatic Toxicology - Fast Breaking Paper

Anne Kahru

Excerpt from the interview: "This research paper is novel and very timely considering that there are widespread urgent concerns regarding the environmental implications of nanotechnologies/nanoparticles (NP). First, we provided valuable and reliable quantitative information on the ecotoxicity of three metal oxide nanoparticles (TiO2, ZnO and CuO)..."
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Noboru Mizushima Discusses His Autophagy Research - Special Topic of Autophagy

Noboru Mizushima

Excerpt from the interview: "I graduated from the School of Medicine at Tokyo Medical and Dental University in 1991, and finished the internal medicine residency program in 1993. I started my research career with studies on molecular immunology and received a Ph.D. in 1996. After that, I joined Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi’s laboratory at the National Institute for..."
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The Most-Cited Institutions Overall, 1999-2009 - Institution Feature

Harvard University

This month, ScienceWatch.com presents a listing of the top 20 institutions which, as of the second bimonthly update of Essential Science IndicatorsSM (January 1, 1999-April 30, 2009) attracted the highest total citations to their papers published in Clarivate Analytics-indexed journals over all 22 fields in the database.
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Danny Porath on Molecular Electronics - Podcast

Danny Porath

Excerpt from the interview: "Danny Porath is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Physical Chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and lead author of the Current Classic Multidisciplinary paper for February, 2009, entitled: "Direct measurement of electrical transport through DNA molecules," NATURE 403[6770]: 635-38, Feb. 2000..."
Podcast. Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA

Dirk Schübeler on Dna and Rna Sequencing - Podcast

Dirk Schübeler

Excerpt from the interview: "Dirk Schübeler, a Senior Group Leader in Epigenetics at the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research in Basel, Switzerland. Dr. Schübeler is the lead author of the most-cited paper listed in the Research Front Map titled, " Dna and Rna Sequencing," from Top Topics for April 2009 from the field of Molecular Biology &..."
Podcast. Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA

The Citation Success of Smart Materials & Structures - Journal Interview

Smart Materials & Structures

Excerpt from the interview: "Since its launch in 1992, the journal has enjoyed a leading position in the field of smart materials, systems, and structures, with a steady flow of articles. However, a few years ago we at IOP Publishing made several changes to the way we managed the journal. We brought the management of submitted articles in-house..."
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Terrie Williams on Her Highly Cited Work in Comparative Physiology;  - Featured Scientist

Excerpt from the interview: "My education was initially in medicine. At Rutgers University I switched from Human Physiology to Comparative Exercise Physiology for my Ph.D. when I found that animals were capable of extraordinary feats of athleticism and disease resistance—at least compared to the human animal. What I found most fascinating was..."
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Top 20 Countries in Agricultural Sciences, 1999-April 30, 2009 - Country Feature

Geneticist Anson E. Thompson holds a vial of lesquerella oil processed and refined at the National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research in Peoria, Illinois. Photo by Jack Dykinga.

Extracted from the Essential Science Indicators SM database from Clarivate Analytics, ScienceWatch.com presents a listing of the top 20 countries in Agricultural Sciences. Rankings are listed by citations per paper—among nations that collected 10,000 or more citations during the period (January 1999 through April 30, 2009)—to reveal weighted impact.
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