Featured Interviews> August 2011

Current Author Commentaries

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured Interviews for August 2011

 
 

Julie Battilana, Bernard Leca, & Eva Boxenbaum

"The paper proposes a model of the process of institutional entrepreneurship that builds on a comprehensive review of the institutional entrepreneurship literature. In doing so, we systematically integrate previous pieces of knowledge on institutional entrepreneurship. We first address definitional and theoretical issues associated with the concept of institutional entrepreneurship. We then present the different phases of the process of institutional entrepreneurship from the emergence..."
Fast Breaking Paper, August 2011

 

Catharina Boehme

"...tuberculosis remains one of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases. TB kills approximately 1.8 million people each year, mainly in developing countries, and drug-resistant TB is a growing threat. Early detection of TB is crucial to stop the TB epidemic, because undiagnosed and untreated patients with active TB—including drug-resistant TB—can infect 10-15 other people each year. Lack of proper diagnosis of TB costs patients and their families valuable time and money, delays treatment and leads to..."
Fast Breaking Paper, August 2011

 

Josep Call

"Primate species differ in a number of ways. Some possess more inhibitory control than others, some are more skillful at using tools than others, and currently there is some tantalizing evidence suggesting that some species possess better metacognitive abilities than others. One idea that we have defended over the years is that it is difficult to make a clear-cut distinction between the cognition of monkeys and apes. Of course that there are some tasks in which apes outperform monkeys (e.g., mirror self-recognition, stage..."
Featured Scientist, August 2011

 
Jeffrey L. Cummings

"The field in general is moving toward earlier and earlier diagnosis. We’ve realized that by the time the patient reaches the current criteria for dementia, there is a very substantial brain injury present. Four our drugs to work and to preserve the patients’ function at the highest possible level, we need to diagnose them at earlier phases in the disease. That’s why there’s so much emphasis on mild cognitive impairment and what’s called prodomal Alzheimer’s  disease. This means the patient does not meet the clinical criteria for..."
Special Topic of Alzheimer's Disease, August 2011

 
Jonathan Lunine

"My research interests center broadly on planetary origin and evolution, in our solar system and around other stars. I am an interdisciplinary scientist on the Cassini mission to Saturn, and on the James Webb Space Telescope, as well as co-investigator on the Juno mission to be launched to Jupiter in August. I'm the author of over 230 scientific papers and of the books Earth: Evolution of a Habitable World (Cambridge University Press, 1999), and Astrobiology: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Pearson..."
Special Topic of Planetary Exploration, August 2011

 
Yuji Matsuzawa

"The syndrome entity named metabolic syndrome were proposed by several groups as an atherogenic syndrome with multiple risk factors. However there has not been consensus about primary cause of multiple risk factors and also cardiovascular disease although obesity especially abdominal obesity and insulin resistance may be considered to play an important role. We considered that metabolic syndrome should be classified as multiple risk factors clustering syndrome caused by visceral fat accumulation from those..."
Special Topic of Metabolic Syndrome, August 2011

 

Moshe Semyonov

"...we introduced an analytical model that enabled us to test our theoretical expectations in dynamic terms. It is our hope that other students of immigration and global migration would adapt a dynamic perspective and methodologies for the study of attitudes toward out-group populations. My own future research will continue to utilize dynamic perspective to study social change, social inequality and patterns of immigrants’ integration to society across space and time.."
Emerging Research Front, August 2011

 

Costas Varotsos

"This paper introduced the following: the global TOZ and global TRT fluctuations in small time-intervals are positively correlated to those in larger time intervals in a power-law fashion. For TRT, the exponent of this dependence is larger in the mid-latitudes than in the tropics at long time scales, while for TOZ, the exponent is larger in tropics than in the mid-latitudes. In general, greater persistence (i.e. stronger memory) could be a result of either stronger positive feedbacks or larger inertia. The difference in persistence patterns between..."
Emerging Research Front, August 2011

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