Featured Interviews> January 2011

Current Author Commentaries

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured Interviews for January 2011

 
 

Gazi Mahabubul Alam

"Earlier education was considered as an interdisciplinary subject with a connection to economics, sociology and non-profit based finance. Fundamentally, school of education delivered teacher education, curriculum and instructional technology. School of economics worked for finance, planning and policy aspects in education. On the other hand, schools of business and management studies looked after education management. These schools worked in an isolation which lacked integration. Education..."
Fast Moving Fronts, January 2011

 

Ignazio Ciufolini

"This paper, by Ignazio Ciufolini and Erricos Pavlis, describes the first accurate test and direct measurement of gravitomagnetism. Prior to this test, obtained using the laser-ranged satellites LAGEOS and LAGEOS 2 and the GRACE gravity field models, in spite of the many tests that have been proposed and implemented, there was not an accurate direct test of gravitomagnetism. There were only some less accurate observations of gravitomagnetism that we published (Science 1998) using laser-ranged satellites..."
Fast Moving Fronts, January 2011

 

Linda Fried

Geriatrician and epidemiologist Linda P. Fried of Columbia University discusses her research on frailty and other topics pertaining to the elderly, including work on identifying specific physiologic systems whose dysregulation and failure give rise to frailty. Her current research interests include studying how programs that increase seniors’ physical activity and sense of involvement through community volunteering result in increased health and vitality.
Featured Scientist, January 2011

 
Charles Greer

"We had developed some molecular techniques to look for hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria directly in the soil, so we wouldn't rely on having to isolate and culture them under laboratory conditions. Our main interest in that particular piece of work, and by extension several other comparable studies, was to use these tools to differentiate between types of bacteria present in contaminated soil verses non-contaminated soil. What we were looking for specifically was the presence of key genes..."
Special Topic of Oil Spills, January 2011

 
Akira Hasegawa

"Since Japan is located in subduction zones, we have repeatedly suffered from large earthquakes for many years. Born and raised in Japan, I wished to reduce the earthquake damages. For this, I have aimed to understand the mechanism of earthquakes and to apply that knowledge toward earthquakes prediction. Even in the few years before my entrance to the graduate school, there had been several large earthquakes, such as the 1964 M6.9 Oga peninsula earthquake and the 1964 M7.5 Niigata earthquake..."
Special Topic of Earthquakes, January 2011

 

Sudhir Kumar

Sudhir Kumar is a professor in the School of Life Sciences at Arizona State University and the Director of the Center for Evolutionary Medicine and Informatics at ASU. Here he discusses his Current Classics article selection for October 2010: “MEGA4: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0,” Tamura, K, et al., MOL BIOL EVOL 24:8, 1596-99, AUG 2007.
Podcast Interview; MP3 ¦ WMA. January 2011

 

Rob Stevenson

"The finite element method is the most popular method for the numerical approximation of the solution of an elliptic boundary value problem. In its simplest form for two-dimensional problems, the underlying domain is subdivided into triangles, and the best approximation is computed that is continuous and piecewise linear with respect to this subdivision. The quality of the approximation depends on the diameter of the triangles and the smoothness of the solution. For many problems, the solution is much less..."
Fast Moving Fronts, January 2011

 

Justin B. Ries

"It is widely expected that CO2-induced reductions in seawater pH, or "ocean acidification," would make it harder for marine organisms to build their calcareous shells and skeletons. We investigated this hypothesis by rearing 18 different species of marine calcifiers, including clams, oysters, scallops, mussels, corals, urchins, crabs, lobsters, shrimp, snails, conchs, calcifying worms, and calcifying algae under seawater saturation states predicted for the next 500 years. We found that 10 of the 18 species exhibited..."
New Hot Papers, January 2011

 

Julie Williams

"We discovered two novel susceptibility genes for Alzheimer's disease; CLU and PICALM, which are now implicating new pathways to disease development. Our research built on the collaboration of over 20 research groups from Europe and the USA, to form the GERAD Consortium (Genetic and Environmental Risk in Alzheimer's Disease). This allowed us to complete a powerful genome-wide association study (GWAS) which produced genuine findings, all of which have been replicated on multiple occasions since..."
New Hot Papers, January 2011

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