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FEATURED INTERVIEWS

July 2009

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured interviews for July 2009 are listed below. To view featured interviews from past months/years, visit the Featured Interviews Main Menu.

Interviews and Features for July 2009:

Nader G. Abraham & Attallah Kappas on Heme Oxygenase - New Hot Paper

Nader G. Abraham

Excerpt from the interview: "The paper collates and brings up-to-date much of the current knowledge relevant to pharmacology and to clinical medicine concerning the enzyme heme oxygenase (HO), which catabolizes the breakdown of the oxygen-carrying respiratory pigment called heme. In this process, heme is converted to the bile pigment..."
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Daniel Klionsky on the Journal Autophagy - Featured Journal Interview

Autophagy

Excerpt from the interview: "Advances in various fields have definitely allowed researchers to appreciate the contributions of autophagy. For example, autophagy is an essential process depending on the organism and the stress conditions. In mammals, autophagy is required to proceed past the four- to eight-cell stage during embryogenesis, which..."
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Nick Barker on Establishing Lgr5 as a Broad Marker for Adult Stem Cells - Fast Moving Front

Barker

Excerpt from the interview: "In the Nature article we report our discovery of the first unique marker, Lgr5 (Leucine-rich G Protein-Coupled Receptor 5) for these intestinal stem cells. We describe the generation of a new mouse model which allows us to perform in-vivo lineage tracing from Lgr5+ve cell populations, providing solid functional evidence of stem cell..."
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Brazilian Science on the Rise - Featured Analyses

An assessment of Brazilian research over the last two decades reveals that the nation has steadily increased its output of scientific papers and its presence in world science, as gauged by Thomson Reuters-indexed literature. As one of the so-called BRIC nations (along with Russia, India, and China), Brazil bears close watching, as its resources and potential for growth are expected to make it a significant player in the world economy in the decades ahead.
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Geoffrey Burnstock & Vera Ralevic on Receptors for Purines and Pyrimidines - Podcast

Geoffrey Burnstock

This is a Podcast InterviewGeoffrey Burnstock & Vera Ralevic talk about their Current Classic paper in the field of Pharmacology for February, 2009: "Receptors for purines and pyrimidines," Pharmacol. Rev. 50[3]: 413-92, 1998, in this podcast. Also, Vera Ralevic was previously interviewed as a featured scientist in ScienceWatch.com.
Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA

Dale Frail Discusses His Work on Gamma-ray Bursts - Special Topic of Gamma-ray Bursts

Dale Frail

Excerpt from the interview: "I've always been interested in high-energy astrophysics. Many high-energy astrophysical phenomena (pulsars, active galactic nuclei, supernovae, etc.) emit at radio wavelengths. High-energy electrons radiate at these wavelengths as they interact with magnetic fields. In 1993 the GRB mystery was more than 20 years old..."
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Douglas Hanahan & Robert Weinberg on Cancer Research - Podcast

Douglas Hanahan

This is a Podcast InterviewDouglas Hanahan, Professor of Biochemistry at the University of California, San Francisco, along with coauthor Robert A. Weinberg, a founder of the Whitehead Institute of Biomedical Research at MIT, are coauthors of the Current Classic selection for April 2009, "The hallmarks of cancer," Cell 100 [1], 57-70, 2000, discuss their research on the mechanisms of cancer.
Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA

George Luther on Metals in Sediments - Featured Scientist Interview

George Luther III

Excerpt from the interview: "People want to understand how metals are bound and tied up in sediments. Sulfide phases are particularly important. For the most part these are solid phases. In this case, if metals wind up in pyrite, then the question is, are the metals going to be remobilized in some oxic condition, which means conditions in which..."
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Map of Science: Chemistry

This map of chemistry is based on research-front data for the six-year period ending in February 2009. The map shows the major fields of chemistry linked together in a network based on the same principles as our research-front maps showing highly cited papers. Each circle on the map represents a group, or cluster, of research fronts on a broad topic within the main field.
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David Nathan on Clinical Trials for Diabetes - Special Topic of Diabetes

David Nathan

Excerpt from the interview: "Actually, what I'm probably best known for is the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT), which was a multi-center, NIH-funded study in type 1 diabetic patients. But the major results from that were published in 1993, before the Special Topics analysis. We eventually published about 150 papers out of that study..."
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Ingrid Repins' Research with Thin-Film Solar Cells - New Hot Paper

Ingrid Repins

Excerpt from the interview: "There is a currently a great deal of interest in thin-film photovoltaics. This interest has been generated by a number of factors, including improvements in the technology, First Solar's profitability in manufacturing thin-film photovoltaics, plausible paths to grid parity put forth by several companies, and increas..."
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Jörg Rieskamp Talks About Human Decision-Making - Fast Moving Front

Jörg Rieskamp

Excerpt from the interview: "The idea that people do not always solve a cognitive problem with the identical cognitive tools has been assumed in various areas of psychology. Even children already have access to different cognitive strategies that could be applied to identical problems. This assumption explains why people sometimes display different..."
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David Rubinsztein Discusses His June 2004 Nature Genetics Paper - Special Topic of Autophagy

David Rubinsztein

Excerpt from the interview: "Many neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington's disease, are caused by intraneuronal aggregate-prone proteins. These proteins generally cause disease by gain-of-function mechanisms, thereby acting as "toxins." Previously, we had shown in cell culture that such aggregate-prone proteins..."
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Penn State’s Don Schneider, A Star of the Sloan Survey - Science Watch® Newsletter Interview

Donald Schneider

Excerpt from the interview: "The SDSS's great steps forward were obtaining digital, multicolor images of a large area of the sky to brightness levels that were significantly deeper than any previous survey with similar sky coverage (for example, the Palomar Sky Survey), and high-quality spectra of more than one million galaxies and quasars. The CCD camera was designed to take images using five different..."
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Paul van Helden Discusses His Highly Cited TB Research - Special Topic of Tuberculosis

Paul van Helden

Excerpt from the interview: "Genetics and immunology: the population of Africa has not been exposed to TB for centuries like some other parts of the world, thus the people of Africa may be inherently more susceptible. Poverty and nutrition: TB is a disease of poverty and poor nutrition. The poorest continent on earth is Africa; therefore it is not surprising..."
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Peidong Yang on Room-Temperature Ultraviolet Nanowire Nanolasers - Featured Paper Interview

Peidong Yang

Excerpt from the interview: "This paper has been very well received by the community, judging by the large number of citations in the past decade. In retrospect, this work could be considered as one of the milestones in the nanowire research field. Back in 1999-2000, only very few research groups had concentrated efforts on nanowire research. Since nanowire..."
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(Additional interviews/commentaries may be added during July 2009 as late entries.)

            



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