Featured Interviews> July 2011

Current Author Commentaries

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured Interviews for July 2011

 
 
Stephen Calderwood

"One of the most exciting and fun parts of the NIH grant mechanism under which we work—the International Collaborations in Infectious Disease Research—is that it established a framework by which international research can be done. What I mean by that is we have human studies approval both at the NIH, our own institution and at the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh, our collaborator, in a variety of ways. We also have mechanisms of enabling money for supplies and for people to..."
Special Topic of Cholera, July 2011

 

Arijit Chatterjee

"Apart from qualitative descriptions, organizational researchers had not systematically examined self-absorbed CEOs, perhaps thinking that executive narcissism is not of much theoretical or practical significance. Our study shows that narcissism in the executive suite can have major consequences for organizations. Moreover, our study clearly supports the idea that leadership matters. CEOs are humanly finite, capable of delivering either good or bad results. Narcissism tends to bring about more extreme outcomes, a fairly..."
Fast Moving Fronts, July 2011

 

Tom Goldstein & Stanley Osher

"Our paper is highly cited because it gives state-of-the-art fast, simple, and versatile numerical algorithms for solving a class of problems of great practical and theoretical significance. These problems include recovering signals, images, and videos from perhaps very sparse data. The method can also be used to restore signals, images, and video by removing noise, reversing blur, filling in missing data, etc. Application areas range from medical imaging (such as MRI, fMRI, CT, ultrasound) to intelligence (hyper..."
New Hot Papers, July 2011

 

Liv Hornekær

Opening a band gap in graphene of sufficient size for real applications is one of the holy grails in graphene research. Our results show that this is indeed possible using patterned chemical functionalization and hence opens up new possibilities in this very dynamic research field. At the same time the demonstrated method also gives rise to a wide range of questions—what aspects of the method are crucial for the band gap opening? How can the method be generalized to produce graphene with a band gap on..."
New Hot Papers, July 2011

 
Ralph D. Lorenz

"Titan is an amazing place - unique in our solar system - in being an icy moon with a thick atmosphere and a hydrological cycle. So while its interior and bulk composition shares many features with other icy moons, its atmosphere and landscape has very familiar aspects, more common to the terrestrial planets and Earth in particular. Probably the biggest discoveries have been the richness of the upper atmospheric chemistry, the abundance of sand dunes, and the presence of lakes and seas. Because it has an..."
Special Topic of Planetary Exploration, July 2011

 
Mark P. Mattson

"We started studying what might be responsible for the death of nerve cells in Alzheimer’s disease. That was when the amyloid story was taking off, because the amyloid beta peptide had been identified and the amino acid sequence was known. Shortly after that the amyloid precursor protein was cloned and so on. Bruce Yanker at Harvard was the first to show that the amyloid beta peptide can damage and kill neurons, and we followed up closely on his findings and started to elucidate the molecular..."
Special Topic of Alzheimer's Disease, July 2011

 

Robert R. McCrae

"In the past decade, cross-cultural research has become a part of mainstream psychology, for two main reasons. First, psychologists have been urged to respect human diversity and to question the assumption that American college students are an adequate sample of humanity: There is a moral as well as a scientific imperative to study people everywhere. Second, cross-cultural research has become much easier than it once was. No longer is it necessary for a psychologist to learn a new language and travel to a foreign..."
Fast Moving Fronts, July 2011

 
James B. Meigs

"For more than 16 years my major research interest has been the cause and prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Approaches include biochemical and genetic epidemiology of insulin resistance, T2D, and CVD, and health services translational research to improve T2D and CVD prevention and clinical care. I have authored more than 300 peer-reviewed scientific articles, editorials, review articles, and book chapters and presented scores of lectures nationally and internationally..."
Special Topic of Metabolic Syndrome, July 2011

 

Michael Washburn

"I got my Ph.D. in biochemistry and toxicology at Michigan State University. It was after I actually finished my degree, I still had no idea of what I wanted to do, when I heard a series of lectures by Fred McLafferty, a long-standing senior person in mass spectrometry, a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He was talking about how mass spectrometry can be used to detect really tiny amounts of things. I thought it sounded cool and I started looking at post-docs in proteomics, wanting to do mass spectrometry. That was..."
Featured Scientist, July 2011

 

Richard K. Wilson

"A pufferfish and a platypus. Diatoms. Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, cholera, typhus, the flu, anthrax, and ulcers, to name but a few. E. coli, not surprisingly. A host of parasites and a score of viruses. The chimp, the orangutan, the cow, the chicken, the guinea pig, and the giant panda. Rats, roundworms, and baker’s yeast. The black cottonwood tree, the grapevine, the onion, and corn. Mosquitoes and, of course, the fruit fly. A standard poodle and a boxer named Tasha. The domestic cat and the African..."
Featured Scientist, July 2011

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