Archive ScienceWatch



June 2008

In these interviews, scientists talk to and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured interviews for June 2008 are listed below. To view featured interviews from past months/years, visit the Featured Interviews Main Menu.

Featured Interviews for June 2008:

David P. Bartel - Featured Scientist Interview


Excerpt from the interview: "...there have been all kinds of data showing that in animals each microRNA—at least, each highly conserved microRNA—is targeting hundreds of messenger RNAs. In 2005, for instance, we showed that for each microRNA or microRNA family—there are about 80 or 90 of these families in mammals—there..."
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Sara Burt - Featured Podcast Interview


This is a Podcast InterviewSara Burt discusses her current work on the antibacterial properties of essential oils obtained from plants. Burt has a corresponding Fast Moving Front Comment from May 2008 regarding this research. She is a Current Classics scientist (Agr. Sci.) from Feb. 2008.
Podcast Menu. Listen to Podcast: MP3 ¦ WMA

Mark J. Daly - Featured Science Watch® Newsletter Interview


Computational biologist Mark J. Daly of Massachusetts General Hospital and the Broad Institute, Boston, discusses his work, particularly on a catalogue of genetic variation known as HapMap, a resource which has assisted in elucidating the genetic underpinnings of type 2 diabetes and other diseases."
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Pascale Ehrenfreund - Special Topic of Astrochemistry


Excerpt from the interview: "In the next decade, we will have a European space mission, Rosetta, that will land on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (in 2014). This will allow us, for the first time, to study the composition of a cometary nucleus in situ. This space mission promises exciting results about the..."
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FEBS Journal - Featured Journal Interview

FEBS Journal

Excerpt from the interview: "We have been successful in appointing distinguished scientists from across the world to the Editorial Board and Advisory Board, and they increasingly reflect the spread of the molecular approach to biology into the life sciences, including medicine..."
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Rudolf Krska - Special Topic of Mycotoxins


Excerpt from the interview: "The toxins in which I specialize are produced by several species of the genus Fusarium. They include trichothecene mycotoxins such as deoxynivalenol and zearalenone. They are also very stable and can survive cooking. The trichothecenes are not acutely toxic but they can weaken the immune system..."
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Karl F. MacDorman & Hiroshi Ishiguro - Fast Breaking Paper

MacDorman commentary image

The author(s) of this interview/comment have included images of their work. Excerpt from the interview: "It makes the strongest case yet for android science. Android science posits a synergistic relation between developing very humanlike robots and understanding human interaction and the processes behind it. Android science provides synthetic and analytical methods to understand mechanisms underlying interaction..."
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Michael C. McAlpine & James R. Heath - Fast Breaking Paper


The author(s) of this interview/comment have included images of their work. Excerpt from the interview: "We believe that this paper is of general interest to the broad materials community because it assimilates the areas of semiconductor nanowires, chemical sensors, electronic noses, and high-performance electronics on plastic substrates..."
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Günter Oberdörster, Eva Oberdörster, and Jan Oberdörster - Emerging Research Fronts


The author(s) of this interview/comment have included images of their work. Excerpt from the interview: "This paper is a comprehensive—and we think balanced—review of the then fledging and now maturing discipline of nanotoxicology, which we defined as "the science of engineered nanostructures and nanodevices that..."
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Sir John Pendry - Featured Podcast Interview


This is a Podcast InterviewProfessor Sir John Pendry, Chair in Theoretical Solid State Physics at The Imperial College, London, discusses his work with magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena. Pendry has a corresponding Emerging Research Front Comment from October 2007 regarding this research. He is a Current Classics scientist (Eng.) from Feb. & Apr. 2008.
Listen: MP3| WMA

Jacques Rossouw - Featured Paper Interview


Excerpt from the interview: "The publication of these findings gained widespread attention in the media and in scientific circles. This resulted in a marked shift in attitudes towards this hormone therapy, with prescriptions dropping by some two-thirds in the months following publication (and remaining at those or lower levels since then). The Food and Drug Administration..."
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Top 20 Institutions in Social Sciences, general - Featured Institutional Profile

Social Sciences, general presents a listing of the top 20 institutions which, as of the first bimonthly update of Essential Science Indicators attracted the highest total citations to their papers published in Clarivate Analytics -indexed Social Sciences journals. They are the top 20 out of a pool of 563 institutions comprising the top 1% ranked by total citation count in this field.
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Wout Boerjan, John Ralph, & Marie Baucher - Emerging Research Fronts


Excerpt from the interview: "Biofuels are high on the political agenda worldwide. Rocketing oil prices and concerns about global warming have made plants valuable alternative raw materials for making liquid biofuels. Biofuels such as bioethanol, biomethanol, and dimethylfuran are derived from the fermentation of simple sugars..."
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(Additional interviews/commentaries will be added during June 2008)


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