Featured Interviews> June 2011

Current Author Commentaries

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured Interviews for June 2011

 
 

Emmanuel Candes & Michael Wakin

"CS is a new discovery. Of course, there were ideas that led to this discovery, in particular methods for solving inverse problems and determining sparse signal expansions in the fields of signal processing, statistics, and geophysics; embeddings, databases, convex optimization, and streaming signal processing in the field of computer science; and high-dimensional geometry in the field of mathematics. Some of this prior work dates back several decades. Our paper is a survey of important results in the field of CS..."
Emerging Research Front, June 2011

 

Alexei Cheviakov and Michael Ward

"Our paper contains new results on how to compute times needed for particles to escape from domains with small traps (holes) on the boundary. In particular, a higher-order term has been derived which depends on overal spatial configuration of traps on the boundary of the domain. Global optimization has been performed for N traps on the sphere to find optimal locations that minimize escape times. Optimal trap locations were shown to be the same locations of N repelling electrons on a the boundary of a sphere..."
Fast Breaking Paper, June 2011

 

Christine H. Foyer

"The topic of this article has a wide general appeal and interest. Redox metabolism is central to biology and the mechanisms that facilitate cellular redox homeostasis and signaling have implications for a wide range of processes. This article presents current concepts and also provides the personal perspectives and insights of the authors to give a comprehensive overview of the topic. This article describes the ability of the cell to integrate information from metabolism and the environment by sensing changes in..."
Emerging Research Front, June 2011

 

Andrey V. Kuznetsov

"I would think of at least two reasons. First, it is because the problem discussed in the paper is very important and has far-reaching practical consequences. Traffic jams in axonss may be the underlying reason for Alzheimer’s disease which affects a very large number of people. In order to find a cure we need first understand the mechanisms of this disease, and mathematical modeling is a very valuable tool for that. Another reason is more of the fundamental nature. Modeling of processes occurring on a microscale..."
Emerging Research Front, June 2011

 
Ziwei Lin

"Our transport model, which this paper describes in detail, combines for the first time the multiple phases that the matter created in a high-energy nuclear collision is expected to go through. The model includes the initial parton productions from the two colliding nuclei, the parton phase where quarks, anti-quarks and gluons interact, the transition from partons to hadrons, and the subsequent hadron interaction phase. Therefore this transport model can be used as a versatile tool to study parton interactions and hadron..."
Special Topic of Hadron Colliders, June 2011

 

Tobias Moser

"The field of hair cell synaptic transmission is an exciting and growing one involving a number of excellent groups. Studies will likely address the molecular anatomy and physiology with more and more refined methods such as paired pre- and postsynaptic recordings, optical imaging of calcium signals and exocytosis and morphology using state of the art light and electron microscopy. Genetics, protein biochemistry, mass spectometry and "in cell" interaction studies will help to decipher the interactome of..."
Featured Scientist, June 2011

 
George Perry

"In the late 1970s to the early 1990s, there was a lot of interest in calcium regulating oxidative stress, regulating cytoskeletal interactions. So I moved from oxidative stress to the cytoskeleton because of this calcium link. When I was looking for a faculty position, I got employed because of my understanding of the cytoskeleton. And that’s how I got into Alzheimer’s disease. The actual work I do isn’t that different than what I used to do. It’s just that I don’t do work in marine organisms any more, I work in..."
Special Topic of Alzheimer's Disease, June 2011

 
C.T. Russell

"I received my B. Sc. in Physics and Math from Univ. of Toronto in 1964 and my Ph. D. in Planetary and Space Science in 1968 from UCLA.  I have done research on solar radio waves with the Alouette 1 and 2 spacecraft ; on the Earth’s magnetosphere and its interaction with solar wind using the six Orbiting Geophysical Observatory spacecraft; on the lunar magnetic field with the Apollo 15 and 16 subsatellites; on the Earth’s magnetosphere and its interaction with the solar wind using the International Earth-Sun..."
Special Topic of Planetary Exploration, June 2011

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