Featured Interviews> May 2011

Current Author Commentaries

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured Interviews for May 2011

 
 

A. D. (Bud) Craig

"...the model I proposed in this paper posits that the primary interoceptive cortex in the dorsal posterior insula provides the basis for a progressive integration of increasingly energy-efficient homeostatic re-representations extending from posterior to anterior in the insula that successively incorporate all neural activity; this integration culminates in a representation of all salient activity at each moment of present time that underpins a cinemascopic representation of the sentient self, or the 'material me'..."
Fast Moving Fronts, May 2011

 

Bart Kempenaers

"The paper presents the first between-population comparison of an association between genetic variants of a dopamine receptor gene (DRD4) and variation in exploration of a novel environment, which has been related to differences in ‘personality’, in a wild animal, the great tit (a common European songbird). The study was the result of a large-scale and successful collaboration between researchers from several European research institutes, including the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology (Germany), the Netherlands Institute..."
New Hot Papers, May 2011

 
Colin Masters

"To study the natural history of AD, we started the AIBL study in 2004, at a time when the first images of PET ligands binding to human brain amyloid were emerging. We have used this technology to help us identify the groups of prospective AD patients who we can enter in to clinical trials of delaying onset. This will be achieved by using biomarkers and neuroimaging in conjunction with disease-modifying therapies. We are undoubtedly in a better position today than 20 years ago, where now there are real therapeutic..."
Special Topic of Alzheimer's Disease, May 2011

 

Carlos Simmerling

"The importance of computer simulations keeps growing in a wide variety of areas, including my area of expertise, which is modeling the behavior of molecules important to biology. Experiments are wonderful but can only tell us so much- accurate computer models can provide information that is very difficult to obtain directly with experiments. The accuracy of these simulations depends on the quality of the “force field” that emulates the underlying physics. These force fields describe how the energy of the molecule..."
Fast Moving Fronts, May 2011

 

Stephan M. Wagner

"The research presented in this article is based on a large-scale empirical survey of 760 industrial and service firms in Germany. As such, taking a positivistic, hypotheses testing approach it was one of the first to go beyond the hitherto more conceptual, anecdotal or case study-based descriptions of supply chain risk management. This was an important methodological advancement. But the method is only a means to answer the research goals we had, namely to provide an operationalization of supply chain risk sources..."
New Hot Papers, May 2011

 
Nu Xu Talks About the STAR Collaboration at Brookhaven National Lab

"I joined STAR in 1997 and in 2008 was elected spokesperson of the experiment. STAR does what's called large acceptance very well. Compared with the other detectors, it is literally larger by a factor of 100 in terms of the range of angles over which we can simultaneously measure emitted particles. Per event we can detect up to 4,000 particles per collision, for example. Boom, there's the collision, and we take it. PHENIX, on the other hand, has smaller acceptance and specializes in identifying electrons..."

 

Yang Yang

"We started working on polymer solar cells about eight or nine years ago. I had a student who was about to graduate, and I challenged him to work on a project that was not associated with his Ph.D. thesis. I was working on silicon-based solar cells, and he chose polymer solar cells. That’s how we got started. And that’s part of our educational goal—to constantly challenge students to find new frontiers of science on which to work. My student got some interesting results, and this prompted us to send a proposal..."
Featured Scientist, May 2011

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