Archive ScienceWatch



November 2008

In these interviews, scientists talk to and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured interviews for November 2008 are listed below. To view featured interviews from past months/years, visit the Featured Interviews Main Menu.

Featured Interviews for November 2008:

Albert-László Barabási & Réka Albert on Scaling in Random Networks - Featured Paper Interview


Excerpt from the interview: "This is a theoretical paper, and its essence is a model that we proposed to explain the origin of the power laws seen in various complex networks. The model, based on the idea that networks grow by the addition of new nodes, and these new nodes have a tendency to link to more connected nodes (preferential attachment), was..."
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Steve Beeby Discusses His Highly Cited Research - Featured Scientist Interview


Excerpt from the interview: "This paper considered the possibility of combining screen-printed thick-film piezoelectric layers with micromachined silicon structures for use in MEMS. It was an extensive practical exploration of the compatibility of micromachining process with the deposited films. This included common wet and dry etching processes..."
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Brian Burke on Motivational Interviewing - Special Topic of Underage/College Drinking


Excerpt from the interview: "This paper was the first meta-analysis—or quantitative summary—of the research on motivational interviewing (MI), a relatively new treatment for substance abuse (and other problem behaviors) that combines humanistic principles of change with cognitive-behavioral techniques. The central idea is that the client decides what..."
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Stuart Cunningham discusses the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) - New Hot Paper


Excerpt from the interview: "Global coupled climate models (CGCM2) reported in the Intergovernmental Planet on Climate Change (IPCC) 3rd and 4th assessment reports suggest a 25% slowing of the AMOC by 2100. Hence, it is uncertain whether there could be a rapid or prolonged slowing of the AMOC in response to global warming. Whilst in situ ocean..."
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Andrew E. Derocher Warns Climate Warming Threatens Polar Bears - Fast Moving Front


Excerpt from the interview: "The paper was a timely overview and synthesis of the possible impacts of climate warming on polar bears. The paper has been used by a wide variety of scientists working on other Arctic marine mammals, sea ice dynamics, and climate warming, as a global biodiversity issue. Soon after publication, polar bears..."
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Energy Gauge : Who Exactly Is In Power? - Science Watch® Newsletter Analysis

Solar Panels

To survey Energy & Fuels research in recent years, Science Watch collected more than 100,000 pertinent papers indexed by Clarivate Analytics since 1998. From this body of work, the most highly cited institutions, authors, and journals were identified. Among institutions, the U.S. national laboratories stand out, as do a number of universities, especially Princeton University, Pennsylvania State University, and Imperial College London.
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John Hughes: Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of OTC Nicotine Replacement - Fast Moving Front


Excerpt from the interview: "The paper showed that NRT medications used for self-treatment as OTCs were not only effective, but equally effective as getting NRT by prescription from a doctor. The paper uses a well-accepted statistical method (meta-analysis) to collate results across studies of whether OTC NRT is more effective than OTC placebo and as effective as NRT..."
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Peng Shi on the International Journal of Innovative Computing Information and Control - Featured Journal Interview

International Journal of Innovative Computing Information and Control

Excerpt from the interview: "The editorial team has been working extremely hard to ensure that the published papers in IJICIC are of high quality, representing the up-to-date advancements in the fields of advanced computing techniques, intelligent systems and information processing, and novel automatic control methodologies..."
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Steven Johnson Discusses His Nanophotonics Research - Special Topic of Photonic Crystals


Excerpt from the interview: "Photonic crystals, in general, are periodic arrangements of two or more optical materials (e.g., glass and air). One of the exciting properties that a photonic crystal can possess is a photonic band gap, a range of wavelengths in which light cannot penetrate the crystal—it acts like a kind of "optical insulator." In order to obtain a true photonic..."
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JoAnn Manson on Estrogen Therapy and Coronary-Artery Calcification - New Hot Paper


Excerpt from the interview: "The study describes a new discovery that estrogen treatment was associated with lower levels of subclinical coronary artery disease (coronary artery calcium by noninvasive CT imaging) in women aged 50-59 in the WHI estrogen-alone trial. The key findings are summarized in the table below. Higher levels of coronary..."
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Ghislain Opdenakker on Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors and Disease - New Hot Paper


Excerpt from the interview: "This review challenges a number of prevailing views on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), brings together an enormous amount of information in a critical way, and has an important positive message for the future development of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors (MMPIs). For instance, we challenge..."
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Marcia G. Ory, Patricia Jordan & Terry Bazzarre on the Behavior Change Consortium - Fast Moving Front


Excerpt from the interview: "This paper sets the stage for understanding the processes by which health behavior change theories and approaches could be translated into successful intervention strategies. It addresses the challenges and opportunities for behavioral health interventions to modify three of the nation's most important behavioral risk factors—tobacco use..."
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Sobering Thoughts: College Student Drinking Research, the Top 20 Institutions - Institutional Analysis


Excerpt from the interview: "...a listing of the top 20 institutions which, according to our Special Topic on underage/college drinking, attracted the highest total citations to their papers published on the topic in Clarivate Analytics -indexed journals. These institutions are the top 20 ranked by total cites out of a pool of 1,392 institutions publishing on this topic...
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Galen Stucky on His Work in Mesoporous Materials - Special Topic of Mesoporous Materials


Dr. Galen Stucky from the University of California, Santa Barbara, ranked at #2 by total citations, #7 by total papers, and #1 by cites/paper, based on 61 papers cited a total of 9,833 times. Dr. Stucky's citation record includes 240 papers. In this interview, he talks with correspondent Gary Taubes about his work in mesoporous materials.
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Theoharis Theoharides on Neurogenic Inflammation - Podcast Interview


This is a Podcast InterviewTheoharis Theoharides is Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics at the Tufts University Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences in Boston, MA. Here he discusses the mandatory role played by neurogenic inflammation in the development of a number of diseases. Podcast added Nov. 1, 2008.
Listen: MP3| WMA

Top 20 Countries in Mathematics - Country Feature

The top 20 countries in Mathematics from the last decade according to the Essential Science Indicators database.
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Henry Wechsler Discusses Alcohol Trends on College Campuses - Special Topic of Underage/College Drinking


Excerpt from the interview: "Heavy alcohol use has been present at colleges since Colonial days. It remains so. During the period of the College Alcohol Study, binge drinking has remained at a remarkably consistent 44% overall, and has been level at the 119 participating colleges, where it ranges from 1% to almost 80%..."
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Cretaceous Park: Zhonghe Zhou on the Jehol Biota - Fast Moving Front


Excerpt from the interview: "The article is highly cited largely because there is such widespread interest in the exciting discoveries of exceptional fossils that have been made in the lacustrine Lower Cretaceous deposits of northeastern China. These finds have contributed significantly to shaping our views on the evolution of a number of important groups..."
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(Additional interviews/commentaries will be added during November 2008)


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