Featured Interviews> November 2010

Current Author Commentaries

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured Interviews for November 2010

 
 

Kalyanmoy Deb

Kalyanmoy Deb is the Deva Raj Chair Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur and lead author of the June 2010 Current Classics selection from the field of Engineering: "A Fast Elitist Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic. Algorithm for Multi-Objective Optimization: NSGA-II," Deb, K, et. al, IEEE TRANS EVOL COMPUTAT 6: 2,182-97, APR 2002. See also.
Podcast Interview, November 2010; Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA.

 

Lewis Cantley

"Lewis C. Cantley of the Harvard Medical School discusses his research on the enzyme known as phosphoinositide 3-kinase, or PI3K. Due to its role in the process in which cells use glucose to drive growth, this enzyme has been implicated not only in type 2 diabetes but in cancer. Cantley and others are now exploring the link between these two diseases. Knowledge of PI3K and its associated pathways has led to new anti-cancer therapeutic strategies, based on interfering with metabolic processes in the cell..."
Featured Scientist, November 2010

 

Andre Geim

Andre Geim* is the 2010 Nobel Prize winner in physics. Geim is a Langworthy Research Professor and Director of the Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology at the University of Manchester. Here he discusses his highly-cited paper: "Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films," K.S. Novoselov, et al., Science 306(5296): 666-9, 2004. He is among the Hottest Research of 2009, and has been interviewed by ScienceWatch.com over the years in 2006, 2007, 2008. Several of his papers have been featured as Current Classics Paper selections, most recently in Oct. 2010 with coauthor *Konstantin Novoselov, who incidentally split the 2010 Nobel Prize with Geim.
Podcast Interview, November 2010; Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA.

 
James Jackson

"The intellectual puzzle concerns the continents: Why are they so different from the oceans? Why doesn’t plate tectonics work for continents, and how do we use fieldwork and earthquakes to discover what’s going on now? In common with other disciplines, the big changes in research in the earth sciences are often linked to technological advances. We achieved a step change in what we could achieve with seismograms. Since then we’ve added GPS, allowing us to measure routinely velocities of 1 mm..."
Special Topic of Earthquakes, November 2010

 

Lisa Levin

"This paper brings together and synthesizes different types of biological research conducted on a relatively recently discovered deep-sea habitat, methane seeps. It also introduces elements of geology, biogeochemistry and microbiology. Most of the attention in the 20 years between the discovery of methane seeps and the preparation of this paper had been on the large, visually charismatic animals at seeps (tubeworms, mussels, clams) or on the microbes. I tried to gather information about the myriad of small organisms..."
Fast Moving Fronts, November 2010

 

COOKIES

"The paper describes the first quantitative and proteome-wide study of lysine acetylation, an important post-translational modification. Lysine acetylation had been studied mainly on specific proteins such as histones, p53 or tubulin. While it was always clear that lysine acetylation would not be restricted to just these protein classes, it was not appreciated just how wide spread this modification is. In fact, our study revealed more than 3600 specific lysine acetylation sites on 1750 proteins in three human cell..."
New Hot Papers, November 2010

 

Kevin Schawinski

"The paper shows in detail how low-mass galaxies undergo a major burst of star formation (most likely triggered by the merger of two galaxies) followed by a very rapid shutdown of star formation. During this process, the central supermassive black hole begins feeding with a peak of highly efficient growth some 500 million to 1 billion years after the burst of star formation. The remnant galaxy no longer forms stars and becomes quiescent, joining the majority of `red and dead' early-type galaxies..."
Fast Moving Fronts, November 2010

 

Scott B. MacKenzie

From the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University, Scott B. MacKenzie and Philip Podsakoff discuss their paper 2003 J APPL PSYCHOL article: "Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies." This paper was named as the Current Classic paper (Psy./Psy.) for June 2010.
Podcast Interview, November 2010; Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA.

 

Thomas F. Pettigrew

"First, it is the first complete meta-analysis done of this huge research literature (1400 papers total, with 515 useable). Second, the subject - intergroup contact - is a central concern of the discipline of social psychology - both theoretically and for application of practical remedies for improving intergroup relations throughout the world. And the vast range of intergroup conflict situations currently throughout the world cries out for practical and effective remedies. Third, the strong evidence provided by the paper of the..."
Fast Moving Fronts, November 2010

 
Christopher M. Reddy

"When I graduated from college I actually got a job working for a local company that made chemical standards to calibrate instruments for pollutants. If you want to analyze for oil or other pollutants you need to calibrate what, back then, in most cases, was your gas chromatograph. Often what you did is buy a small solution from a company and use that as a calibration solution, and one of the companies that made these solutions was the one I was working for. After I left that job, I was hired by another..."
Special Topic of Earthquakes, November 2010

 

Rafael Rosell

"Lung cancer is the most frequent and lethal tumor in which preventative screening has not yet had a major impact on early diagnosis. At the time of diagnosis, more than half of patients show disseminated disease with little hope of survival that, on average, is less than one year. Chemotherapy still lacks efficacy and specificity. The major contribution of the paper is to demonstrate the feasibility of large scale implementation of genetic testing at the national level in Spain. The discovery of EGFR mutations in a..."
New Hot Papers, November 2010

 

"The major applications are for TCOs as those arrays can be grown directly onto bare glass, thus creating better conducting properties thus leading to more efficient devices. In addition, SnO2 is a very well-known material for gas sensing. For many years, scientists have tried to develop (110) faces, which are the most active for oxygen based compounds adsorption/decomposition (due to the shortest distances between Sn atoms). It is now available at low cost and large scale, as vertically oriented quantum rods..."
Featured Paper, November 2010

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