Archive ScienceWatch



Plant & Animal Sciences The Most-Cited Institutions in Plant & Animal Science, 1997-2007
An institutional profile from Essential Science IndicatorsSM

This month, presents a listing of the top 20 institutions which, as of the sixth bimonthly update of Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Scientific (January 1, 1997-December 31, 2007), attracted the highest total citations to their papers published in Thomson Scientific-indexed Plant & Animal Science journals. These institutions are the top 20 out of a pool of 768 institutions comprising the top 1% ranked by total citation count in this field.

The Plant & Animal Science field includes journals that cover the following topics:

  • regional botany
  • mycology
  • bryology
  • plant physiology
  • forestry
  • weed science
  • plant pathology
  • economic botany
  • aquatic botany and toxicology
  • marine ecology
  • plant nutrition
  • photosynthesis research
  • experimental botany
  • cellular and molecular biology or physiology of plant cells and plant systems
  • animal behavior
  • animal production science
  • poultry science
  • wildlife research
  • lab animal science
  • zoology
    • primatology
    • mammalogy
    • herpetology
    • nematology
    • malacology
  • entomology and pest control
  • veterinary medicine
  • animal health
  • marine and freshwater biology
  • fisheries science
  • aquaculture

The top 20 institutions in this field are a blend of academic and government bodies from around the world: 12 are from the US, six are from Europe, and two are from the Asia/Pacific region.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) tops this list, with 13,289 papers cited a total of 105,946 times. Topics covered in these highly cited papers include plant volatiles asTop to bottom: David Wendehenne and Jörg Durner. insecticides, gene studies of Arabidopsis, plant-microbe interactions, lignin biosynthesis, and animal parasites—in particular, Neospora caninum and neosporosis.

France's Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) ranks at #2, with 6,418 papers cited a total of 66,153 times. Among INRA's research interests are RNA silencing in plants, the role of glutathione in transformed plants, mapping the rice genome, and wine pigments. INRA researcher David Wendehenne and his German colleague Jörg Durner once spoke with us about their highly cited paper, "In vivo imaging of an elicitor-induced nitric oxide burst in tobacco," (Foissner I, et al., Plant J. 23[6]: 817-24, September 2000). 

Ranking at #3 is the University of California, Davis, with 6,479 papers cited a total of 64,747 times. Davis's highly cited papers include plant disease resistance genes, auxin response, eukaryotic phytochromes, and cellulose biosynthesis. Highly cited author Richard W. Michelmore spoke with us about the paper, "Genome-wide analysis of NBS-LRR-encoding genes in Arabidopsis," (Meyers BC et al., Plant Cell 15[4]: 809-34, April 2003).

Fourth on the list is Cornell University, with 4,921 papers cited a total of 56,748 times. Among Cornell's research interests are angiosperm phylogeny, emerging marine diseases, genomic duplications in ARichard W. Michelmorerabidopsis, and plant disease resistance proteins. Cornell professor Dr. Gregory Martin (see also) has spoken with us more than once about his work on these resistance proteins.

Wageningen University in the Netherlands ranks at #5, with 4, 329 papers cited a total of 51,310 times. Sequencing the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana, genetic control of flowering time, the effects of UV-B radiation in higher plants, and in vitro produced and cloned embryos are the subjects of some of Wageningen's highly cited papers.

With 2,559 papers cited a total of 47,554 times, Germany's Max Planck Society ranks at #6. Topics covered in this institution's highly cited papers include culture in chimpanzees, metabolomics, plant transcription factors, and metabolic profiling for genetically or environmentally modified plant systems.

Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) ranks at #7, with 3,944 papers and 45,356 total cites. Gene silencing in plants accounts for four of CSIRO's top 20 papers; four others concern various aspects of Arabidopsis research. Other topics of interest include emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, amphibian population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America, and aluminum tolerance in plants.

David Baulcombe
Martin Parniske
Ken Shirasu

The University of Wisconsin ranks at #8, with 3,886 papers cited a total of 44,151 times, and the University of Florida ranks at #9, with 5,760 papers cited a total of 39,608 times.

Rounding out the top 10 is the UK's John Innes Centre, with 1,203 papers garnering a total of 39,538 citations. Among the John Innes researchers who have spoken to us about their work are David Baulcombe, Martin Parniske, and Ken Shirasu.

The remaining US institutions in the top 20 are: the University of Georgia at #11 (4,456 papers, 38,457 cites), the University of California, Berkeley at #13 (2,072 papers, 36,619 cites), Michigan State University at #14 (3,358 papers, 36,518 cites), North Carolina State University at #15 (4,205 papers, 35,458 cites), Texas A&M University at #17 (4,266 papers, 33,474 cites), the University of Minnesota at #18 (3,370 papers, 31,763 cites), and the University of Illinois at #19 (3,340 papers, 31, 304 cites).

Other European institutions on the list include Spain's Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) at #12, with 4,504 papers cited a total of 37,885 times, and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences at #16, with 3,779 papers cited a total of 34,115 times. Finishing up the list is Japan's University of Tokyo, with 3,856 papers garnering a total of 30,872 citations.

The top 20 institutions in Plant & Animal Science are listed in full in the table below:

Top 20 Institutions in Plant & Animal Science
(Ranked by Citations)
Rank       Author Papers Citations Citations
Per Paper
1 USDA 13,289 105,946 7.97
2 INRA 6,418 66,153 10.31
3 UNIV CALIF DAVIS 6,479 64,747 9.99
4 CORNELL UNIV 4,921 56,748 11.53
5 WAGENINGEN UNIV 4,329 51,310 11.85
6 MAX PLANCK SOCIETY 2,559 47,554 18.58
7 CSIRO 3,944 45,356 11.50
8 UNIV WISCONSIN 3,886 44,151 11.36
9 UNIV FLORIDA 5,760 39,608 6.88
10 JOHN INNES CTR PLANT SCI RES 1,203 39,538 32.87
11 UNIV GEORGIA 4,456 38,457 8.63
12 CSIC 4,504 37,885 8.41
13 UNIV CALIF BERKELEY 2,072 36,619 17.67
14 MICHIGAN STATE UNIV 3,358 36,518 10.87
15 N CAROLINA STATE UNIV 4,205 35,458 8.43
16 SWEDISH UNIV AGR SCI 3,779 34,115 9.03
17 TEXAS A&M UNIV 4,266 33,474 7.85
18 UNIV MINNESOTA 3,370 31,763 9.43
19 UNIV ILLINOIS 3,340 31,304 9.37
20 UNIV TOKYO 3,956 30,872 7.80

Source: Essential Science Indicators , January 1, 1997-December 31, 2007.


Institutional Interviews : 2008 : 2008 Apr - Most-Cited Institutions in Plant & Animal Science, 1997-2007