This month, ScienceWatch.com presents a
listing of the top 20 institutions which, as of the
fourth bimonthly update of Essential Science
Indicators (January 1, 1998-August 31, 2008)
attracted the highest total citations to their papers
Reuters-indexed Psychiatry &
Psychology journals. These institutions are the top 20
out of a pool of 360 institutions comprising the top 1%
ranked by total citation count in this field.
The Psychiatry & Psychology field includes journals that cover all
areas of study:
diagnosis and treatment
The top 20 institutions in this field are overwhelmingly academic.
Seventeen of the institutions are US-based; the other three are made up of
two British institutions and one Canadian university. Of the 17 US-based
institutions, three are in California, two are in Pennsylvania, and two are
in North Carolina.
At the top of the list, with a lead in excess of 30,000 cites, is Harvard
University, with 4,937 papers cited a total of 88,802 times. Among
Harvard's highly cited papers are
see also] reports from the National Comorbidity
Study among other paper. Kessler is a coauthor on seven of the top 20
papers for Harvard in this field, and has also been named a Highly Cited
Researcher 1717. Another highly cited Harvard author is Martha Shenton,
who is one of the top-ranking researchers in schizophrenia, and who has
spoken with ScienceWatch.com on several occasions
[see also], and most recently in
December of last year. Other topics of prevalence
for Harvard include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD),
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and
olanzapine for the treatment of mania.
The #2 slot belongs to Columbia University, with 3,372 papers cited a total
of 57,841 times. Antipsychotic-induced weight gain, ADHD trials, the
influence of neighborhoods on children's psychological development, and
female sexual function indices are among Columbia's highly cited topics.
Suniya S. Luthar's paper "The construct of
resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work,"
(Child Develop. 71: 543-62, May-June 2000) was a Fast-Breaking
Paper in 2002, and is now a Highly Cited Paper in this field.
The University of California, Los Angeles, ranks at #3, with 3,224 papers
cited a total of 55,400 times. ADHD, schizophrenia, and the behaviors of
females under stress are among UCLA's highly cited topics. Several UCLA
researchers have spoken with ScienceWatch.com about their work,
Alexander Young, and
Adam Aron. Marder is also a
Highly Cited Researcher.com.
Kings College London holds the #4 position, with 3,312 papers cited a total
of 54,103 times. The most-cited paper for Kings in this field is the 2003
Science paper by Avshalom Caspi and
Terrie E. Moffitt, "Influence of life stress on
depression: moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene," which the
authors, who are also affiliated with another institution in the top 20,
the University of Wisconsin (#17), spoke with us about in 2004 when the
paper was named a Fast-Breaking Paper. Other highly cited topics
undertaken by Kings researchers include the role of genes in violence,
and brain studies using fMRI. Kings researcher
ISIHighlyCited.com who ranks among the top five
scientists in schizophrenia, spoke with us this year about his
Coming in at #5 is Yale University, with 2,994 papers with a total of
52,258 citations. Yale's prevalent papers appear to focus on brain-region
activity as it relates to facial recognition by people with
autism and Asperger syndrome, striatial dopamine
transmission in schizophrenia, diagnostic criteria for children, and the
role of multiple risk factors.
The University of Pittsburgh ranks at #6, with 2,693 papers cited a total
of 51,348 times. Among Pitt's highly cited papers are such topics as
violence in neighborhoods as a result of the release of psychiatric
inpatients, remission rates in major depressive disorder treated with
venlafaxine or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and the development
of aggression and violence in juveniles.
The second California institute ranks at #7 – it's Stanford
University with 2,226 papers cited a total of 45,378 times. Stanford's
researchers are interested in a variety of topics, from psychological risk
factors for children of depressed mothers to social cognitive theory.
The University of Michigan ranks at #8 with 2,434 papers cited a total of
39,560 times. Among Michigan's highly cited papers are topics including the
accuracy of self-reporting, racism as a stressor, and the psychology of
positive emotions. Michigan researcher
Oyserman spoke with ScienceWatch.com about her paper on
individualism and collectivism.
The University of Illinois comes in at #9, with 2,764 papers cited a total
of 37,996 times. Subjective well-being, memory, event-related potentials,
and the consistency of personality traits throughout a person's lifetime
are just a few of the topics getting Illinois researchers noticed.
Rounding out the top 10 is the University of Toronto, with 2,767 papers
garnering a total of 37,398 citations. Toronto's researchers are
particularly concerned with a variety of aspects dealing with
Shitij Kapur and Philip Seeman have Toronto's
most-cited paper in this field, the March 2001 Amer. J. Psychiat.
paper, "Does fast dissociation from the dopamine D-2 receptor
explain the action of atypical antipsychotics? A new hypothesis," which
was named a New Hot Paper by ScienceWatch.com in 2002.
Seeman was also named a top schizophrenia researcher
by Special Topics, and is a
Highly Cited Researcher.
The 10 remaining institutions on this list include one more from California
(the University of California, San Diego at #11), one more from
Pennsylvania (the University of Pennsylvania at #14), two from North
Carolina (Duke University at #12 and the University of North Carolina at
#15), one more from England (University College London at #13). The US's
National Institute of Mental Health ranks at #18, with 1,136 papers cited a
total of 30,091.
Scientists from the remaining institutions in the top 20 who have spoken
with us about their work include UCSD's
Robert Heaton, Duke's
Roberto Cabeza, and two collaborators on a
highly cited paper: the University of Maryland's
(#20) Todd Gould and the University of Minnesota's (#19) Irving
The Top 20 Institutions in Psychiatry & Psychology are listed in
full in the table below:
Ranked by Citations
UNIV CALIF LOS ANGELES
KINGS COLL LONDON
UNIV CALIF SAN DIEGO
UNIV N CAROLINA
SOURCE: Essential Science
Indicators from the September 1, 2008 update
covering a 10-year + 8-month period, 1998-August 31,
Full citation details of all of these institutions can be seen in
Essential Science Indicators.