The Most-Cited Institutions in
Featured Institutional Profile
This month, ScienceWatch.com presents a
listing of the top 20 institutions which, as of the fifth
bimonthly update of
Essential Science IndicatorsSM(January
1, 1999-October 31, 2009) attracted the highest total
citations to their papers published in Thomson
Reuters-indexed Engineering journals. These institutions
are the top 20 out of a pool of 1,084 institutions
comprising the top 1% ranked by total citation count in
The University of Illinois
The Engineering field includes journals that cover the following
specific areas of study:
electrical and electronics engineering
water resources and supply
transportation, and municipal engineering
effects of humans on the environment
controls to minimize environmental degradation
robotics and automatic control
statistical methods in engineering systems
development, manufacture, and application of instruments
The top 20 institutions in Engineering consist of 13 US-based
institutions—12 of which are academic, with four being
California-based, and one of which is governmental—two European
organizations, and five Asian academic and government-based institutions.
The international cooperative effort of various research projects is
evident in the presence of several heavily cited reports, including the
GEANT4-A simulation toolkit, the BABAR and DO detectors, and the RD48
The top-ranked institution in this field is the University of Illinois,
with 5,821 papers cited a total of 44,094 times. Diverse topics such as
mechanism-based strain plasticity, microchannel flow studies, single-wall
carbon nanotubes, face recognition,
direct formic acid fuel cells, and technology for
climate research are among
the most-cited papers for this university.
At #2 is the University of California, Berkeley, with 4,517 papers cited a
total of 43,003 times. Among Berkeley's most-cited topics are image
segmentation, shape matching, applications for
quantum dots, dielectrics, liquefaction resistance
of soils, microfluidic DNA amplification, and the aerodynamics of insect
MIT places third, with 4,586 papers cited a total of 42,264 times. MIT's
highly cited papers in this field cover such topics as object learning,
wireless microsensor networks, speaker verification technology,
spectrographic analysis of aerosols, and support vector machines.
The second California-based university ranks at #4: Stanford University,
with 3,531 papers cited a total of 37,086 times. Optical trapping, voting
algorithms, picture matching, and semantic web services are just a few of
the topics included in Stanford's most-cited papers in Engineering.
Christopher Contag spoke with
ScienceWatch.com about his paper on bioluminescence imaging,
David Donoho, who has spoken with us more than once
about his research, has a paper of high interest to the field on the
The fifth slot belongs to the University of Michigan, with 4,534 papers
cited a total of 30,545 times. Tissue engineering and robotics research are
prominently featured on Michigan's most-cited papers list. Other topics
covered include wireless sensor networks and implantable
microsystems, fluid interfaces, and
Coming in at #6 is the Georgia Institute of Technology, with 4,803 papers
cited a total of 30,042 times. Among Georgia Tech's highly cited papers are
such topics as MIMO-OFDM wireless systems, synthetic jets, tissue
engineering, microchannel flow studies, aerosol chemical composition
methods, and the fluid mechanics of vascular systems.
The first non-US-based institution ranks at #7: the Chinese Academy of
Sciences, with 7,057 papers cited a total of 29,624 times. Reports on
various aspects of time-delay systems dominate the top topics from CAS.
Other highly cited areas include motion and behavior analysis, iris texture
analysis, polymer electrolyte fuel cells, spectrographic analysis for plant
saponins, plastic solids, and small-world dynamic networks.
Nanyang Technological University, in Singapore, ranks at #8, with 5,912
papers cited a total of 28,516 times. Nanyang researcher Yew-Soon Ong spoke
with ScienceWatch.com about his paper, "Meta-Lamarckian learning
in memetic algorithms" (Ong YS,
Keene AJ, IEEE Trans. Evol. Computat. 8:
99-110, April 2004). Other highly cited topics coming out of Nanyang
include facial recognition, MEMS micropumps, impulse-control systems,
and proton-exchange membrane fuel cells.
Singapore also accounts for the ninth-ranked institution, the National
University of Singapore, with 5,031 papers cited a total of 27,626 times.
Highly cited papers for this university include such topics as
two-dimensional solids, optical tweezers, support vector machines,
applications for carbon nanotubes, and reports on the National University
of Singapore High Energy Ion Nano-Probe Facility performance tests.
Rounding out the top 10 is the first of the two European-based
institutions: the University of London Imperial College of Science
Technology & Medicine, with 3,555 papers cited a total of 25,429 times.
Imperial's highly cited papers include reports on constrained systems,
metabonomics, solid oxide fuel cells, laminated composites, nanocrystalline
dye-sensitized solar cells, and pattern recognition applications in
biomedical magnetic resonance.
The 10 remaining institutions on this list include two more from California
(the University of California, Los Angeles at #12 and the University of
California, San Diego at #18), four other US-based universities (Purdue
University at #14, the Pennsylvania State University at #16, Texas A&M
University at #19, and the University of Wisconsin at #20), one US
government organization (NASA at #13), one other European agency (France's
CNRS at #15), and two more Asian institutions (the Indian Institute of
Technology at #11 and the University of Tokyo at #17).