Special Topic of Meningitis

Published July 2010

A 
        Chinese doctor prepares a vaccination injection against meningitis at a 
        disease prevention station in Beijing, February 3, 2005. REUTERS/Jason 
        Lee.

Meningitis is a condition, generally bacterial or viral in origin, in which the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord become infected. Although meningitis is a global health problem, many developing countries experience repeated and regular meningitis epidemics.

Top 20 Highly Cited Papers
10-Year Period | 2-Year Period
Time Series Graphs
( 1- & 5-Year Periods)
 

The features of this Special Topic outlined above represent distinct slices of citation data. By approaching citation data from multiple angles, we can observe trends and anomalies across categories—leading to more rich and nuanced stories behind the data.

The baseline time span for this database is (publication years) 2000-May 7, 2010 (second bimonthly period 2010). The resulting database contained 14,899 (10 years) and 3,817 (2 years) papers; 47,547 authors; 147 nations; 2,012 journals; and 9,590 institutions. See the tabs below for more detailed information.

 

Topic Overview


Meninges of the central nervous system: dura mater, arachnoid, and 
            pia mater. This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons.
Meninges of the central nervous system: dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater.

This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons.

Meningitis is a condition, generally bacterial or viral in origin, in which the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord become infected. Although meningitis is a global health problem, many developing countries experience repeated and regular meningitis epidemics.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is important to know the causative agent in order to treat the condition, particularly in the case of bacterial meningitis, which tends to be more severe. The most common bacterial organisms implicated in meningitis are Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitidis. This month Special Topics examines the literature on meningitis over the past decade and over the past two years.

To construct the initial data pool, the keywords "meningit*" OR "meningoc*" were used to search titles, abstracts, and keywords of original articles, reviews, and proceedings papers published in the Web of Science® database from Clarivate Analytics between January 1, 2000 and May 7, 2010. To make the paper lists more on-point, we restricted these keywords to title use only.

INTERVIEW MENU



Read interviews, first-person essays, profiles, and other features about people in a wide variety of fields, along with information on journals & institutions in the topic of Meningitis. All of the author comments below are also listed in the site-wide Author Commentaries listings (available by month/year or alphabetically).


SEPTEMBER 2010

Martin Maiden on the Population Biology & Molecular Epidemiology of Meningococci

Martin MaidenIn our Special Topics analysis of papers on meningococcal disease published over the past decade, the research being carried out by Professor Martin Maiden and his colleagues in the Department of Zoology at the University of Oxford ranks at #8 by total papers and #13 by total cites, based on 57 papers cited a total of 1,729 times. ScienceWatch.com European correspondent Simon Mitton spoke with Maiden about his research as it relates to meningitis.
View Article

 

AUGUST 2010

Muhamed-Kheir Taha Tackles Meningitis on the Molecular Level

Muhamed-Kheir TahaAccording to our Special Topics analysis of meningitis research over the past decade, the work of Dr. Muhamed-Kheir Taha of the Institut Pasteur ranks at #6 by total papers, based on 60 papers cited 1,062 times. In Essential Science IndicatorsSM from Clarivate Analytics, his work can be found in the field of Immunology.
View Article

 

JULY 2010

Roland Nau Takes Meningitis Therapy from the Lab to the Clinic

Roland NauAccording to our Special Topics analysis on meningitis research over the past decade, the work of Dr. Roland Nau ranks at #5 by total papers, based on 69 papers cited a total of 1,042 times. In this interview, ScienceWatch.com talks with him about his highly cited meningitis research.
View Article

Thresholds



Once the database was in place, it was used to generate list of authors, journals, institutions, and nations. Rankings for author, journal, institution, and country are listed in three ways: according to total cites, total papers, and total cites/paper*. The paper thresholds and corresponding percentages used to determine scientist, institution, country, and journal rankings according to total cites/paper, and total papers respectively are as follows:

Entity Authors Institutions Journals Nations
Thresholds 10 52 15 13
Percentage: 1% 1% 10% 50%
*Unless otherwise specified, all rankings have a >= 5 paper threshold for all measures.

Methodology



The baseline time span for this database is (publication years) 2000-May 7, 2010 (second bimonthly period 2010). The resulting database contained 14,899 (10 years) and 3,817 (2 years) papers; 47,547 authors; 147 nations; 2,012 journals; and 9,590 institutions.

Keywords



The Internet search terms for this Topic are:

MENINGITIS, MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE, NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, WHOLE-GENOME SEQUENCING, VACCINE, PATHOGENESIS, PROGNOSIS, HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE, STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE, SEPSIS, SEROGROUP, IMMUNOGENICITY, EPIDEMIOLOGY, BACTERIAL MENINGITIS, VIRAL MENINGITIS, ANTIRETOVIRAL THERAPY, VIRULENCE EVOLUTION, FACTOR H BINDING PROTEIN, HIV/AIDS, HUMAN PARECHOVIRUSES, FLUCONAZOLE, AMPHOTERICIN B, FLUCYTOSINE, DEXAMETHASONE, ENDOTHELIAL PROTEIN C ACTIVATION.

 

Featured Image: A Chinese doctor prepares a vaccination injection against meningitis at a disease prevention station in Beijing, February 3, 2005. REUTERS/Jason Lee.

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