Archive ScienceWatch



December 2009

In these interviews, scientists talk to and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured interviews for December 2009 are listed below. To view featured interviews from past months/years, visit the Featured Interviews Main Menu.

Interviews and Features for December 2009:

Peter Hänggi & Fabio Marchesoni Discuss Artificial Brownian Motors - Fast Breaking Paper

Excerpt from the interview: "With this comprehensive paper, we survey and discuss the role of symmetry breaking and its potential for applications for novel transport schemes and separation methods on the length scales of micrometers right down to the nanoscale. It's an everyday experience that the elements of symmetry breaking such..."
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Robert Hijmans on Observed Weather Data in Climate Change Research - Special Topic of Climate Change

Robert Hijmans

Excerpt from the interview: "There is a strong interest in understanding and modeling the geographic distribution of organisms as a function of climate and other factors. Species distribution modeling (also known as environmental or ecological niche modeling) is a particularly frequently used method in biogeography, ecology..."
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Kimoon Kim Talks About Metal-Organic Frameworks - Emerging Research Front

Kimoon Kim

Excerpt from the interview: "Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are an emerging field with a rapid growth of the number of publications about this discipline in recent years. MOFs have drawn special attention because of their potential in many areas including separation, catalysis, and gas storage, particularly hydrogen for their applications in fuel cells..."
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Masayasu Kojima and Kenji Kangawa Discuss the Discovery of Ghrelin - Featured Paper

Masayasu Kojima

Excerpt from the interview: "Our research style is "in the beginning was a novel peptide." We have been searching for novel unknown peptides for almost 30 years. We discovered opioid peptides ( a-neoendorphin, etc.), neuromedins, and the natriuretic peptide family (ANP, BNP, and CNP). It is a very exciting experiment to find a novel peptide and explore..."
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Eiki Kominami on Autophagy and Metabolic Regulation - Special Topic of Autophagy

Eiki Kominami

Excerpt from the interview: "My M.D. was conferred from Okayama University in 1968. After clinical training as a resident in gastroenterology at Okayama University Hospital for several years, I decided to enter the path to live as a scientist and got a Ph.D. in medicine at Tokushima University in 1975. I worked for two years (1978-1979)..."
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Loet Leydesdorff & Ismael Rafols on Research Maps of Science - Fast Breaking Papers

Loet Leydesdorff & Ismael Rafols

Excerpt from the interview: "The paper offers a synthesis of previous knowledge on the basis of a methodological consideration. Although the attribution of journals to subject categories remains highly uncertain—and therefore often erroneous—we show that the average attribution at the aggregated level can be used for the mapping of science..."
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Focus on Osteoporosis - Special Topic of the Month

Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health & Osteoporosis, from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Excerpt from the interview: The International Osteoporosis Foundation estimates that there are 75 million people in Europe, the United States, and Japan with osteoporosis. In November 2002, we analyzed the literature for osteoporosis from 1992-2002. This month, analyzes the literature on osteoporosis over the past decade and over the past two years..."
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Randall Simpson Discusses the Success of Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics - Featured Journal

Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics

Excerpt from the interview: "About a decade ago the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory began co-editing the journal with the Institute of Chemical Technology in Germany. Around that time PEP started rejecting a lot of papers. And the natural consequence of that is that we actually started getting more papers. It seems that the tougher we are..."
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Stephanie Seminara on the GPR54 Gene - Podcast Interview

Stephanie Seminara

Excerpt from the interview: "Stephanie Seminara is a faculty member of the Reproductive Endocrine Unit at Massachusetts General Hospital and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, is lead author of the Top Topics paper selection from the field of Neuroscience & Behavior for June 2009: "The GPR54 gene as a regulator..."
Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA

Top 20 Countries in ALL FIELDS, 1999-August 31, 2009 - Country Feature

Excerpt from the interview: "In the eighth annual presentation, presents the top 20 countries (among nations that published 10,000 or more papers during the period, and across all fields) out of a pool of 148 which, as of the latest bimonthly update of Essential Science IndicatorsSM, attracted the highest total citations to their papers published..."
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Viswanath Venkatesh on User Acceptance of IT - Podcast Interview

Viswanath Venkatesh

Excerpt from the interview: "Viswanath Venkatesh is the George and Boyce Billingsley Chair of Information Systems at the Walton College of Business in the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. He is lead author of the Top Topics paper selection from the field of Economics & Business for June 2009: “User acceptance of information technology..."
Listen: MP3 ¦ WMA

Spotlight on the Virginia Institute of Marine Science - Featured Institution

Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS)

Excerpt from the interview: "VIMS was founded in 1940 as the Virginia Fisheries Laboratory, part of the College of William and Mary. The VIMS main campus is in Gloucester Point, Virginia, on a 40-acre plot at the mouth of the York River, which opens to Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. VIMS also has two satellite campuses..."
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Kin-Lu Wong on Small and Wideband Internal Mobile Device Antenna Design; Featured Scientist

Masayasu Kojima

Excerpt from the interview: "I received my B.S. degree in electrical engineering from National Taiwan University, Taiwan, and my M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA, in 1981, 1984, and 1986, respectively. From 1986 to 1987, I was a visiting scientist with Max-Planck-Institute for..."
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