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FEATURED INTERVIEWS

March 2010

In these interviews, scientists talk to ScienceWatch.com and offer behind-the-scenes insights into their research: reflections on what led them to their chosen field, the motivation driving their work in a given direction, and the challenges encountered along on the way. These authors also offer their views on why their work has wielded particular influence in the scientific community, as indicated by Clarivate Analytics citation data, and on how research in their respective fields has progressed over time and will likely unfold in the future.

Featured interviews for March 2010 are listed below. To view featured interviews from past months/years, visit the Featured Interviews Main Menu.

David Brenner on the Radiation Exposure Risk of CT Scans; Featured Paper Interview

Anthropomorphic phantom used to measure dose from CT scans.

Excerpt from the interview: "In the US, the average radiation dose to which we are exposed has doubled in the past 30 years. The average dose from natural background sources has not changed, but what has changed is a more than six-fold increase in the average radiation dose from medical imaging. The biggest contributor to this increase in the radiation dose..."
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Marcelo Moreira Cavalcanti on the Control and Stabilization of Distributed Systems; Featured Scientist

Marcelo Moreira Cavalcanti

Excerpt from the interview: "The main focus of my research is the study of the behavior of the energy of distributed systems. To explain more precisely the development of my research, consider a physical phenomenon which is described by a differential partial equation and, in addition, we assume that there is an external or intrinsic mechanism..."
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Patrick Flynn Discusses His Highly Cited Research on Face Recognition; Special Topic of Face Recognition

Patrick J. Flynn

Excerpt from the interview: "Over the last seven years, the group has collected in excess of 200,000 images and videos of faces, irises, and other sites imaged with a variety of sensors. Much of the data is made available to other research groups and companies working in the field, often as part of US government-sponsored evaluations of biometrics..."
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Glenn Gibson on Probiotics and Prebiotics; Special Topic of Probiotics

Glenn R. Gibson

Excerpt from the interview: "Probiotics are products containing live microorganisms. Prebiotics are not living microbes, but rather are specific foods for the gut microflora, i.e., they enter the gut after digestion and fortify only the beneficial flora therein. Prebiotics are not digested by humans because of their structure. Most of my research now..."
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Global Map of Science

Excerpt from the feature: "This map is based on research-front data for the fourth bimonthly period of 2009, September 30, 2003-August 31, 2009 (sliding 6-year period). The map shows the major subject areas within fields linked together in a network based on the same principles as our research-front maps showing highly cited papers. To create a map..."
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The Hottest Research of 2009; Featured Analyses

Rudolf Jaenisch

The annual Science Watch survey of the foregoing year’s hottest research demonstrates that reprogrammed fibroblast cells, genomics, and graphene repeat their strong showing from last year, as do several of the featured authors. Among 2009’s most-cited reports, the five-year data release from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe accounted for three of the year’s top ten papers.
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L.J. Kricka on the Citation Record of Luminescence; Featured Journal

Luminescence

Excerpt from the interview: "The expanded scope of the journal from a focus on chemiluminescence and bioluminescence to all forms of luminescence (chemiluminescence, bioluminescence, electrochemiluminescence, sonoluminescence, triboluminescence, fluorescence, time-resolved fluorescence, and phosphorescence) has..."
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Christian Marois & Bruce Macintosh Discuss Imaging of Extrasolar Planets; New Hot Paper

Christian Marois

Excerpt from the interview: "The discovery of the planetary system orbiting HR 8799 (a nearby star in the constellation Pegasus) is unique in several ways that have contributed to its high citation rate. It is one of the first unambiguous direct detections (actual images) of an exoplanet, and also the first multi-planet system that has ever been imaged. These planets..."
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National Rankings in Clinical Medicine, 1999-2009; Country Feature

Excerpt from the interview: "This month from ScienceWatch.com, we have listed our ranking in Clinical Medicine by total citations. This database, currently covering the period January 1999 through October 31, 2009, surveys only journal articles (original research reports and review articles) indexed by Clarivate Analytics. Articles are assigned to a..."
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UT Austin’s Camille Parmesan Looks to a Future Climate; Science Watch® Newsletter Interview

Camille Parmesan

Excerpt from the interview: "...the biologists at the IPCCC—about four of us total—wanted to come out with a statement that we had high confidence that wild plants and animals have responded to 20th-century climate change. But then the economists at the meeting—four or five of them—thought we were making too strong a claim. They wanted..."
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Ole Seehausen on Speciation Research; Fast Moving Front

Ole Seehausen

Excerpt from the interview: "Speciation research is currently one of the most active fields in evolutionary and ecological research. The cichlid fish of African lakes are textbook examples of rapid speciation but the mechanisms of rapid speciation remain elusive. Our work on cichlids in Lake Victoria demonstrates the ecological drivers and molecular basis..."
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Jørgen Vestbo Discusses His Highly Cited COPD Research; Special Topic of COPD

Jørgen Vestbo

Excerpt from the interview: "A lot of what we know about the natural history of COPD and the identification of risk factors for disease progression has come from epidemiology. Apart from obtaining information that can be used for planning health care, both for the individual and generally, prognostic factors also help us identify markers for disease..."
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Highly Cited Scientist Younan Xia Discusses Metal Nanocrystals; Fast Moving Front

Younan Xia

Excerpt from the interview: "Our paper provides a comprehensive review and critical assessment of research activities centering on the syntheses and applications of metal nanocrystals with well-controlled shapes and facets. This article is highly cited simply because it touches upon an extremely important subject that is being actively pursued by many research..."
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